Ancient Rome Review Flashcards

Terms Definitions
ordinary citizens
The Julio-Claudians
14-69 CE
Marcus Aurelius
Emperor of Rome
the color of royalty
A group of three leaders
Doicletian and the Tetrarchy
284-316 CE
the plebeians' chosen representative, it granted them the power to veto any government decision. Tribunes could not be arrested. Elected by the Assembly of Tribes
numidian king that encroaches on carth,
300 patricians that advised the consuls and reviewed the laws of ancient Rome.
14-37 CE, Reluctant Emperor, retreat to Capri
Rome is located on this continent.
a member of the common people.
a political system in which the citizens of a region elect representatives to run the government
a priest that supervised sevral local churches
centuriate assembly
represent military, can declare war, elects Consuls, Praetors and Censors
statesman of ancient Rome who (with Cassius) led a conspiracy to assassinate Julius Caesar (85-42 BC)
ancient building dedicated to the gods / it is still standing
Poet during Augustan Age, writer of Odes
a three-pronged spear used by a retiarius in gladiatorial combats.
pax romana
the Roman peace, period between 27 B.C- 180 B.C.
an increase in the overall level of prices in the economy
To make a conquered area follow the customs and traditions of ancient Rome.
Name the 3 forms of government in ancient Rome.
junius brutus
sixth century B.C Acient Roman leader who, with his supporters, forced the Etruscans out of Rome
Elementry School
@ age 7- learn writting, arithmetic, music
The Republic
a political order in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who are entitled to vote for officers and representatives responsible to them
One of a group of Germanic tribes who invaded and destroyed territory in the Roman empire.
Who was the 1st true emperor
of Rome?
Augustus Caesar
In the roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct government.
rome building stories
1. each gets militant young men, each takes hill, remus dies 2. remus disrespects rome, romulus kills him
Attila the Hun
King of the Huns and the most successful of the barbarian invaders of the Roman Empire.
Why were the Roman roads important?
They helped soldiers move quickly and easily.
Taxes could be brought to Rome.

They made trade and travel less difficult.
country estate
The Aeneid
a Roman poet
missionary of Christianity
a large stadium
rulers of an empire
small group of followers
(Octavian) first Roman emperor
Problems of Republic: political instability with the patricians abusing their power and plebeians growing political power
Julius Caesar's adopted son; 'Augustus'
rulers with almost absolute power
-a Jewish place of worship.
a ruler with absolute authoirty
Originally a marketplace and eventually a center for religious, social, and political activities in ancient Rome.
a savior in Judaism and Christianity
a wild gathering involving excessive drinking and promiscuity, a period of unrestrained revelry; named after the ancient Roman festival of Saturn, with general feasting in revelry in honor of the winter solstice.
Circus Maximus
race track for chariot competitions
an ancient kingdom of southern Palestine with Jerusalem as its center
A person sent on a mission.
Hannibal Barca
Carthaginian General who invaded northern Italy by bringing elephants over the Alps
125 CE
middle point of Golden Age
sense of pride in one's country
baptized people, followers of Jesus Christ
Octavian- Caesar Augustus
first emperor of Rome
To seek out and punish people
Civil War?
When the Romans fought against eachother for power.
Marc Anthony
Roman politicial and general. Ceasar Augustus's best friend who fell in love with the queen of Egypt
Civil War
an armed conflict between groups within one country
Adjective: Of or relating to a countries military, political or economic power over countries or colonies
Upper class landowners (10% of the population)
twelve tables: law code for citizens, defendent= innocent until proven guilty, right to challenge b4 judge in court, judge set aside unfair laws
paul of tarsus- jewish man that traveled from city to city tp spread christianity
Greco-Roman Civilization
a civilization that combined Roman, Greek, and Hellenistic culture
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians
the headquarters of the Roman Catholic church in Rome, Italy
Augustus Caesar
Established a permanent prof. army, adjusted taxes by census, began a public works system, and created a civil service based on merit.
roman law
most lasting legacy, standards of justice that applied to all people, formed basis of european and us law
Center of one of the greatest civilizations of the ancient world helped by its government and location. Sandy sold, warm climate, and good winter rainfall helped raise vegetables, olives, and citrus fruits.
Roman false god of messengers and thieves.
in geography, a map showing a cross-section of a land surface
A huge marble government building in ancient
foreign soldiers who serve for pay
mercenary army
A custom, idea, or belief handed down from one person to the next
The Vikings
They were raiders from scandinavia who would sack villages and targeted monistarys
Caesar is gov over cisalpine but wants to be over transalpine and gets a large army
a follower of a person or a belief
an oval large stadium with tiers of seats
after his death, all emperors took the name "Caeser" in his honor
A small town of south Jerusalem where Jesus is said to have been born.
Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey
Members of the first triumvirate
who were the leaders of the citizen assembly
Who formed the 2nd Triumvirate?
Octavian, Marc Antony, Lepidus
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.
Pax Romana
Crossing of Rubicon
-Julius Caesar was "Dictator for Life"-46 BC
-44 BC - he was assassinated
-Roman republic over
a group of up to 6,000 Roman soldiers
A foreign soldier who serves in an army only for pay.
a person who dies for a particular cause
the largest planet and the 5th from the sun
To stop or reject the actions of another
A Roman athlete who fought animals or another pers
A unit of an empire or roman empire ruled by a governor who was supported by an army
Julius Caesar
He was part of the First Triumvirate. When one of the three eventually died (Crassus), he and Pompey faced off in a civil war and he won. Recognizing his power, they named him dictator for life in 44 BC. As a dictator, he brought many changes to Rome. He gave citizenship to people in the provinces and gave public land to veterans. His reforms made him popular with the public, but many Senators thought he wanted to make himself king and destroy the Roman Republic. In a last desperate attempt to save the Roman Republic, a group of Senators murdered him on the Ides of March - March 15th. (pg. 173)
Good emperor, first to adopt a son as his heir. Wanted balanced budget and economic welfare of the people.
law of twelve tables
the foundation of roman civil law
Justinian Code
a set of laws, written by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, that served the Byzantine Empire for hundreds of years
unity and stability
during the empire, the roman legal system contributed to
one of the two officials who led the ancient Roman Republic
Punic Wars
a series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage in 200 B.C ending in a victory for Rome
Byzantine Empire?
The later period of the Eastern Roman Empire
Beginning and end of the Pax Romana
27 BC- 180 AD
Vestial Virgins
Holy Women of Rome; They kept the fire burning in the center of Rome; if it went out then it was believed that Rome would be destroyed.
struggle of the orders
plebeians decided to fight for their rights in the government - and boycotted military jobs
The Twelve Tablets
The first laws written on 12 bronze tablets displayed in the forum
Roman government
- had a Republic for many years, but that failed and emperors rose to power
Battle of Zama
the battle in 202 BC in which Scipio decisively defeated Hannibal at the end of the second Punic War
Effects of Expansion of the Republic
The Roman expansion causes the male workers and farm owners to have to join the army, allowing the wealthy land owners to take the farms. The jobless farm owners move to the cities, causing massive masses of riotous people.
Whats rights did patricians have over plebeians
The patricians could hold office and could make laws.
what rights did roman women have and what was their role in the family?
could own property and testify in court, expected to remain in the background
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