Ancient Rome Unit Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Hun leader
vote against
a country estate
to sell off
Tyrrhenian Sea
Italy's west border
the first Christian emperor
barbarians who attacked Rome
a follower of Jesus
a rise in prices
platform buildings were built on
control over a wide area
first punic war
Rome captured sicily
foreign soldiers serving for pay
Hagia Sophia
Christian temple of wisdom
63 BC
julius appointed pontifex maximus
a man who rules an empire
First Roman Emperor to persecute Christians
any igneous rock with crystals embedded in a finer groundmass of minerals
pax romana
a golden age of Rome
Government where citizens chose their leaders
representatives of the plebeians and leader of the assembly
Roman writer who criticized the brutality of the circuses
what it means to be Roman
A channel used to carry water
wealthy roman; caesar's friend; killed trying to conquer parthian empire; consul with pompey, didn't get along
A comon farmer, trader or craftworkerin Ancient Rome
(modern France) Caesar was grantwd special military command in Gaul; Caesar had conquered all of Gaul
A centurion (Latin: centurio; Greek: κεντυρίων), also hekatontarch (ἑκατόνταρχος) in Greek sources, or, in Byzantine times, kentarch (κένταρχος) was a professional officer of the Roman army after the Marian reforms of 107 BC
A curved structural member that spans an opening and is generally composed of wedge-shaped blocks that transmit the downward pressure laterally
a ruler who has almost absolute power.
Who killed Julius Caesar?
a group of senators
a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or abstraction) produced on a surface
Column of Trajan
This column features continuous narrative relief.
a picture made of colorful broken tile
In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights. intercessio. imperium
a Russian emperor (from the Roman "caesar")
Northern Tribes who invaded and sacked Rome, Generic term for foreign invaders of a different religion.
Byzantine emperor who held the eastern frontier of his empire against the Persians
Where did Octavian defeat Anthony and Cleopatra?
writings of the life, death, and resurrection-means "good news"
caesar's reforms
absolute ruler; roman citizenship to provinces; large public entertainment; jobs for poor; growth of the senate; makes julian calendar; senate dislikes him; people come with knives and stab him atleast 23 times; mark antony takes his body to middle of rome, citizens upset with it; favorited in rome
person who fought another person for the entertainment of an audience
Historian of the Roman Repbulic who wroteabout the struggle between Pelbeians and Patricians of Rome
a diplomat appointed by a government to protect its commercial interests and help its citizens in a foreign country
Roman Emperer that divided the Empire in two
the central building block at the top of an arch or vault
an official count of people living in a place
Tyrehhenian Sea
Body of water that surrounded Italy, Sicily, and Sardinian
an organized group of people with an obsessive devotion to a person or set of principles
A continuation of the Illiad by Roman poet Virgil
Junius Brutus
Ancient Roman leader who, with his supporters, forced the Etruscans out of Rome
the Senate
most powerful branch of government - 300 men. Controlled treasury, foreign policy and also acted as a court.
they migrated to Italy around 800 B.C. and settled along the Tiber River in small villages scattered over seven low-lying hills. They built the original settlement at Rome - atop Palatine Hill. These setters were considered to be the first Romans.
a member of a wealthly ,upper class family in ancient Rome.
King Pyrrhus
King of Greece that the Romans defeated
During the early days of Rome, before Rome became a republic, it was ruled by __________
goddess of the hearth and its fire whose flame was tended by vestal virgins like hesta
one of the 12 closest followers of jesus, chosen by him to help him teach
Mediterranean Sea
Ancient Rome controlled all of this sea after defeating Carthage which made transportation and trade much faster and easier.
put down revolt in judea, burnt down temple, diaspora; completed colosseum; built baths and arch; mt vesivius erupted during his rule; brother domitian reportedly plotted his death.
Thousands of tiny tile pieces are used to create ______________ which were popular with Roman artists.
to fight against the government of his or her country
a city buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius
Citizen Assembly
Was controlled by the Tribunes - they respresented the plebians
Arch bridge
Were bridges with Arch's in them so more weight could go across it.
julius caesar
war hero who conquered gaul he was part of the first triumvirate and was the first dictator of rome killed by senators
Roman Catholic Church
the early Christian church in the Western Roman Empire of which the Pope was head
Ebro River
river Carthage had to stay above to keep treaty
Civil War
a war in which people within one country fight eachother
Took power around 600 BC and had a very advanced civilization
a roll of paper or animal skin that has been prepared as a writing surface
Marc Anthony
a general and ally of caesar. divided half of rome with caeser. commits suiside with cleopatra.
A region of Italy east of the Tiber River
2nd punic war
hannibal and men traveled over alps on way to invade italy, brought war elephants, carthaginians defeated romans
Dido of Carthage
The founder and queen of carthage, who fell in love with aneas and killed herself when he abonded her.
cornelius scipio africanus
The roman general that won the battle of zama at the end of punic war #2.
attila the hun
405-453, was the Emperor of the Huns from 434 until his death in 453. He was leader of the Hunnic Empire which stretched from Germany to the Ural River and from the River Danube to the Baltic Sea
battle of zama
the battle in 202 BC in which Scipio decisively defeated Hannibal at the end of the second Punic War
strengths and weakness of republic
checks and balances. power w/ people. short terms so it was hard to get things done
classes deepended&loyalty to generals
Why the Germans Attacked Rome
they were fleeing from there lands, to the north of Rome, from the attacking Huns
What kind of type of government did they have and what was it?
Republic. Where citizens (male) have the right to vote for who they want in power.
Some people thought he came to bring world peace so he was a messiah. The Greek word for Messiah is Christos so he began to be called Jesus Christos or Jesus Christ.
How did Jesus become known as Jesus Christ?
/ 83

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online