Ancient Rome Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Domitian
81-96 CE
The Severans
193-235 CE
devalue
to lower in value
Livia
Second Wife of Augustus
Constantinople
Previously known as Byzantium, Constantine changed the name of the city and moved the capitol of the Roman Empire here from Rome.
Virgil
Poet, writer of Aeneid, Georgics
patricians
member of a weathly family
augurs
priests in ancient rome who specialized in interpretation of the natural phenomena sent by the gods
plebeian
a common farmer, trader, or craftworker in ancient Rome
latifundia
Wealthy families brought, huge estates bought up by newly wealthy roman citizens.
What were 2 important Roman architectural advancements?
domes
marble
Hellenistic Culture
Relating to the civilization, language, art, science, and literature of the Greek world from the reign of Alexander the Great to the late second century BC.
Heresy
a religious belief opposed to official teachings
Hannibal
general of Carthage who marched his army from Spain to Rome in the Second Punic War; attacked by land to avoid Rome's powerful navy
consuls
Two officials from the patrician class were appointed each year of the Roman Republic to supervise the government and command the armies
census
the counting of people to determine the needs of the community
Who said, "Veni, Vidi, Vici?"

("I came, I saw, I conquered.")
Julius Caesar
nero
36-38 ancient roman emperor upon whose death civil war broke out
Rhetoric
@ age 16- learn oratory, geometry, astronomy, philosophy
Forum
the assembly place of an ancient roman city
The Edict of Milan
Christianity was legalized, churches were built, children baptized, and herises
struggle of the orders
509-287; struggle between plebeians and patricians; includes plebeian secession, resulted in tribunes, resulted in 3 classes (PAtric., eques, poor), so tribal council most powerful; also resulted in plebs being able to have office and marry patricians
Mt. Vesuvius
the volcano that erupted and destroyed the city of Pompeii in 79 C.E.
What was a public place in
ancient Rome?
forum
Jugurthine War
War in Africa, 112-105 BCE, Jugurtha, king of Numidia, defeated by Marius and Sulla
Augustus Caesar
(Octavian)
ruler of Rome during the "Golden Age";  first emperor of Rome
Cicero
a famous orator and member of the Roman senate
known for his forceful speaking skills
plebians
farmers or workes, who made up a large part of ancient rome
carthaginian harbor
rows of space on dock for merchants, inner circle for navy,
Twelve Tables

 
The first code of laws in ancient Rome.  It was adopted in 450 BCE.
Poor people ate:
Wheat, barley, olives, bread and meat scrapes.
Tiber River
runs through the center of a plain in Italy
Altar of Peace
Dedicated in 9 BCE, in Campus Martius, Images of Aeneas, Tellus, and Aristocracy
Describe the early struggle between the Patricians and Plebeians during the establishment of the Republic.Discuss major grievances and key individuals. Choose events that strike you as important.
Originally, all public offices were open only to patricians, and the classes could not intermarry. However, the plebeians, by withdrawing their labor, had the power to force change. A series of social struggles (see Conflict of the Orders) saw the plebs break away from the city on three occasions, the last in 297 BC, until their demands were met. They won the right to stand for office, the abolition of the intermarriage law, and the office of tribune of the plebs. Terentilius Harsa, wanted written documents of laws to avoid unfair practices.Plebeians army revolt.
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