indus river civilization terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Kama
Pleasure
political
strong central governement
Sangha
buddhism's religious community
Asceticism
Extreme self denial
Gupta leader
Chandra Gupta II
Akbar
a Mughal Emperor during1556-1605
Dowry
bride's family payment to grooms
Stupas
religious buildings that originally housed Buddha relics
Nirvana
The ultimate goal of Buddhism
Vardhamana Mahavira
An Indian ascetic Philosopher
contributions of Aryans
caste system and vedas
Mohenjo-Daro
an archaeological site in Pakistan, near the Indus River: six successive ancient cities were built here
Dharma
in Hinduism, the duties and obligations of each caste
Artha
Material success and social prestige, one of the four goals of life
Ascetisism
A lifestyle of deprivation and abstinence from worldly pleasures
When did the civilization end?
1500 B.C.
Moksha
The Ultimate spiritual goal of becoming realeased from the cycle of rencarnation
Aryans
nomads from Europe and Asia who migrated to India and finally settled; vedas from this time suggest beginning of caste system
Harappa
a village in Pakistan: site of successive cities of the Indus valley civilization
Bhagavad-Gita
a portion of the Mahabharata, having the form of a dialogue between the hero Arjuna and his charioteer
Karma
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
city planning
remarkable achievement of the Indus Valley people, organized cities and laid them out in a grid system
Upanishads
A group of writings sacred in Ascetisism concerning the relations of humans, God, and the universe.
Atman
in Hindu belief, a person's essential self- "ones soul"
Mahabharata
A Sanskrit concerning the struggle and civil war between the Pandavas and the Kauravas and containing the text of the Bhagavad-Gita
Rig
Veda (Vedas)- the earliest of four Hindu Scriptures
Samsara
The eternal cycle of birth, suffering, death, and rebirth.
Indus River Valley Civilization
an ancient civilization that flourished in the Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra river valleys primarily in what is now Pakistan and western India
Brahman
a member of the highest, or priestly, class among the Hindus.
enlightenment
in Buddhism, a state of perfect wisdom in which one understands basic truths about the universe
Sudra
the lowest of the four varnas: the servants and workers of low status
Brahmin
the highest of the four varnas: the priestly or sacerdotal category
Ahimsa
the beleif in the sacredness of all living creatures and doing them no harm
Aurangzeb
Akbar's Great Grandson who was also an emperor
Siddhartha Gautama
an Indian prince who became the buddha
Accomplishment of Gupta empire
golden age and strong central government,todays number system,farming,
Varnas/jatis (caste system)
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
Khyber Pass
a place in the Hindu mountains that the Northern migrators traveled through
Indra
Chief god of the Aryans; depicted as a colossal, hard-drinking warrior.
Mughal Empire
a Muslim dynasty founded by Baber that ruled India until 1857
Mauryan Empire
A civilization in India run by an emperor during 321-185 B.C.
Accomplishment of Mughal empire
ended tax on non Muslims, modernized the army,,encouraged international trade
Vedic Age
A period in the history of India; It was a period of transition from nomadic pastoralism to settled village communities, with cattle the major form of wealth
Four Noble Truths
1) All life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow.
2) The cause of suffering is nonvirtue, or negative deeds and mindsets such as hated and desire.
3) The only cure for suffering is to overcome nonvirture.
4) The way to overcome nonvirtue is to follow the Eightfold Path
Gupta Empire
An empire that was ruled by members of the Gupta dynasty from around 320 to 600 CE
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