International Relations- Quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
freedom to life
Eisenhowers Objectives
-Reduced spending.-Balanced budget.-Reduced conventional forces.-Increased nuclear arsenal.-“Massive retaliation”.
Political Realism: Main men
private law
commerce, relationships between business and government, how international aid is going to go, regulation of air space etc.
-preparation for self-government as mandates of teh League of Nations-borders drawn @ Cairo Conference (1921)-Britain receives Palestine
relations BETWEEN states, describes organizations like the EU
World financial crisis: brewed discontent; workers looked for somebody to guide them
ethnonational movements
the participation in organized political activity of self-conscious communities sharing an ethnic affiliation; some movements seek autonomy within an organized state; others desire separation and the formation of a new state; still others want to join with a different state
protection from violence, attack, or espionage
International law
no global consitisution regarding it
treaties, customs, decisions of international court of justice, opinion of international scholars.
Major principle= sovereignty of states
public and private law. self-determination and human rights.
study of the relationship among politics and geography, demography, and economics, especially with respect to the foreign policy of a nation
Rally-around-the-flag effect
-a leader's popularity increases whenever he/she chooses to use force with respect to some foreign policy issues
28) Nationalism
The set of psychological, cultural, and social forces that drive the formation of a nation and sustain national identity. Significance= Could be cause for major wars, according to neo-liberals.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) differs from the International Court of Justice (or "World Court").

Schleswig and Holstein
Denmark controlled German-speaking states. Bismarck goes to Austria saying "hey, let's team up and get these back. I'll take the Schleswig (higher) and you take Holstein (sandwiched in between)
Conservative ideology advocating classes.
Types of conservatism
The global system of regional class divisions has been seen by some IR scholars as a capitalist world economy or a _______
Strong ties to free market capitalism, strong focus on inidivuals rights, progressive notion and radical ideas (states helps individuals and vice versa) politics (minimal role for state; stay out of free market, stay out of peoples lives)
major actors are households and business firms
goal of evonomic activity is to maximize global welfare
economics determine politics
Reform UN
Alter security council- no veto power
weighted voting for general assembly
bureoatic overlap
50-60s ander defrank lay out these ways
a form of dependency
develoing world didn't develop because of pressures from the core. they wanted control
imprealism- give over control benefit people of core but not own people (buy them off)
structural violence- extracted al the resources abailable for deelopment (poverty, malnutrition)
isolate yourself- missing out on a great deal
developing counttries need to develop tariffs
economic growth is the key to development
process of unequal exchange
static model- sometimes countries thought of as not developed really are
devendent development- development based on alliance foreign investors, state, local=dependent of alliances
world system analysis- historic evolution of capital can move up and down in terms of development core etc.
GATT works by:
encouraging lowering trade barriers between all gatt members- about 48 members-designed to be short-term/temp-revives and complicates trade
Maastricht Treaty
expanded political scope of European Community esp in areas of foreign policy and securityprovided by creation of a central European Bank and adoption of common currency (the Euro)
balance of power and deterrence belong to?
international regime
the principles, rules, norms, and procedures that facilitate reciprocity in a given issue area
True or False: Gorbachev took the first steps toward ending the Cold War
a strategy of making concessions to another state in the hope that, satisfied, it will not make additional claims
USA: growth!
How did the Bolshevik Revolution survive?
an organized political unit that has a geographic territory, a stable population, and a government to which the population owes allegiance and that is legally recognized by other states
bilateral aid
Three quarters of the DAC countries' assistance goes directly to governments in the global South as state-to-state Grants, technical cooperation, Credits, Loans, Loan guarantees, and military aid.
Moderate poverty
barely beeting basic needs $2-$3 a day
IGOs (intergovernmental organizations)
institutions created and joined by states' governments which give them authority to make collective decisions to manage particular problems on the global agenda
Krushchev to the US
-Sept. 16-27, 1959: Visited Washington, NYC, LA, SF, and Des Moines.-Met with Eisenhower at Camp David.-no disneyland for krushchev
European Division: German dominance
-Europe before Operation Barbarossa (June 1941) was controlled mainly by Germany. -Europe was @ the height of German control (even industrial area in USSR).
Elections in Italy, 1948
-large and powerful communist party-appears likely to win-US response: fund campaign of Italian Christian Democrats-Christian democrats win election
Lenin, Vladimir Ilich
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks, leader of the Russian Revolution (1917), and first head of the USSR (1917-1924). As a communist theoretician Lenin held that workers could not develop a revolutionary consciousness without the guidance of a vanguard party and that imperialism was a particular stage of capitalist development.
European dominance b/c...
-after 1648, European states had comparitive advantage over rest of world b/c they had established permanent armies
Balance of Power
An arrangement, whether bipolar or multipolar, in which capabilities are fairly evenly distributed among the major actors.
the ability to state and rank goals, survey costs and benefits, and choose alternative that maximizes goals
Which of the following terms describes the efforts by an ethnonational or religious group to regain control of territory by force?
a. irredentism
b. ethnic nationalism
c. devolution
d. constructivism
a. irredentism
a map projection that exaggerates the size of europe making it look larger than south africa when in fact the latter is twice the size of the former is known as the....
Mercator projection
Capitalism = threat.
Basis of international relations is survival of the fittest.
newly industrializing countries
A handful of poor states achieved self-sustaining capital accumulation, with impressive economic growth.
international division of labor
labor intensive forms of production vs. capital intensive- the work of labor producing goods, usually unskilled. capital intensive makes more money (more investment). different cultures= agricultural, manifest, service sectors of labor production
dont get much reward for your particiation, people at the high end do, further depends the divide between classes.
American Foreign Policy
Dulles dies of cancer, May 24, 1959.An end to “rollback”? A “second thaw” in superpower relations?An end to “massive retaliation”?
B/c of Balfour
Zionists get a national home in Palestine - very unclear=> lots of criticism of Britain, no one is getting what they want-arabs and jews get angrier and angrier at each other.
Security dilemma
-notion that in the absence of a centralized authority, an increase of security for one state results ina decrease of security for other states
What drives international politics: interests, identities, or both?
Both: different identities create diverging interest: think about geopolitical differences between land locked states and islands for example.
offensive realism
a branch of realism that predicts that insecurity will cause states to seek absolute security through dominance rather than through balance of power
In what year did the Geneva Protocol ban the use of chemical weapons?
a. 1945
b. 1980
c. 1972
d. 1925
d. 1925
Polarized Alliances
the degree to which states cluster in alliances around the most powerful members of the state system
German invasion of Austria and crippling of Czechoslovakia.
German demands on Poland.
International trading regime
more real to use, security is tied into it
promote liberalism in a multilateral way
havana charter
instead general agreement on tariffs and trade- conducted in rounds (irogwai last), bilateral agreements that become multilateral
WTO- replaced GATT
Yalta Conference, February 1945
-The Big 3 fissures @ the end.
4 organizations US classifies as terrorists
Al Qaeda,
During the last 200 years, the most extraordinary violence has occurred in ________.
a. the nineteenth century
b. the twentieth century
c. the Middle East
d. South America
b. 20th century
Power-transition Theory
as a new power gets closer to the equivalence of the established power, things get dangerous. Either the new power wants to challenge the old power or the old power wants to keep the status quo
tragedy of the commons
a metaphor wedly used to explain the impact of human behavior on ecological systems that exlain how rational self-interested behavior by individuals may have a destructive collective impact
potential impact of human behavior on the planet's resources and its delicately balanced ecological system
common property (green that all farmers could graze cattle) if people misuse this in the long run the green is destroyed while short run farmers have more cattle and therefore more money
The Hungarian Empire
-Nov 1, 1956 = Hungary will have free elctions, no more communism - Hungary will leave Warsaw Pact-appears to be a peacful rollback - good for capitalists-nightmare for Kruschev = non-aligned Hungary is near USSR border
New World Order after 1989?
-fall of Berlin Wall
-rise of US hegemon
-new independent states join world order
-UN legitmacy
-less interstate conflict; more intrastate conflics (b/c of failed states)
-end of proxy wars
-rise of NGO's in IR
11) How far should the EU extend? Discuss with references to the theories of IR.
Think about Turkey- fundamental differences in identity
Imperialism is the highest stage of capitalism. What it does:
1. Interstate competition and conflict.2. Interstate war.Appeal by governments to nationalism.3. Growing awareness of working class that the capitalist state does not serve its interest.4. Insurrection and revolution.
The Treaty of Rome, March 25, 1957
France, W. Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands -create EURATOM (European Atomic Energy Community)= organization to research atomic weaponry and to promote peacful use of a-energy. -Britain declines membership again
12) What are the causes of armed conflict between states? Discuss with reference to Waltz’s three levels of analysis. Which level of analysis presents the most plausible explanation of why international wars happen?
Individual level (human nature, pretty useless); state level- nsture of the state, militarism, nationalism, political culture; system level- anarchy obliges states to seek max. power, compare different typed of multipolarity
4 issues effecting development in the Middle East: 4) Spheres of Influence
Not a colony but heavily influenced by a superpower (e.g. Iraq)
The "Gilded Alliance": Weaknesses in NATO
-covered with a thin layer of gold = not as valuable as treaty appears to be. -mutual assistance not reflexive-military disparity (175 USSR vs. 14 NATO)-no common cohesive militiary alliance-the American "nuclear umbrella" = shields NATO/W. Germany from 175 USSR divisions.
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