smallest unit sound
sounds of words
|who used achelian||
human immune deficiency disorder
|What is mitosis?||
somatic cell division
the decapitation if the clitoris
the systematic identification and description of distinctive speech sounds in a language
|What is macroevolution?||
large scale adaptive changes
using everyones data to study them
stitching together of the clitoris after it has been gut to leave a small gap for fluids to excrete
partially or wholly lacking the abillity to hear
The linguistic relativity principle (also known as the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis) is the idea that the varying cultural concepts and categories inherent in different languages affect the cognitive classification of the experienced world in such a way that speakers of different languages think and behave differently because of it.
an approach in historical linguistics for estimating the time at which languages diverged, based on the assumption that the basic (core) vocabulary of a language changes at a constant average rate
several aspects of culture hooked together, e.g. art + religion
|What do sex chromosomes determine?||
determine your sex
found earliest hominid and thought they were big game hunters
track racer neither women nor man
Using anthropological skills to figure out culture of a business world, help you to fit in
Helped categorize the many definitions of Culture
Polish, He argues that people everywhere share certain biological and psychological needs and that the ultimate function of all cultural institutions is to fulfill those needs
various aspects of a culture linked together, e.g. laws based on beliefs
|Who is Franz Boas?||
"Father of American anthropology", combined the 4 subfields and scientific method
|What is the product of meiosis?||
gametes(egg and sperm)
In an undisturbed sequence of strata, the oldest layer is on the bottom
tried to obtain material wealth for religious deities and practices
Mother was white and middle class, father was Native American Indian and working class
Psychologist said clean empty house of mother better place for child, should have sole custody
Anthropologist said father was good father, close to his family, provided a good atmosphere even if he didn't have good furniture. Should have joint custody.
the process by which a person learns the requirements of the culture by which he or she is surrounded
One of the subgroups of Linguistic anthropology
Descriptive linguistics studies the sound of languages. Vocab, grammar, pronunciation, and sounds.
|What is the scientific method?||
Identify the problem, establish hypothesis, experimentation/data collection, theory
|What is natrual selection?||
survival of the fittest, recognizing influence of environment on species
|What is genetic drift?||
changes in allele frequencies caused by random events
|oldawan tool tradition||
used different raw materials to make the first set of tools
|Perceptions and classifications of illness||
ideas and severity of illnesses
|Shrink Wrap Example||
Susan Stanton and the problem of shipping goods
Just promoted to manager
Took opportunity to find out about all different parts of the business
Found biggest problems were in shipping
Wrong number of items shipped, arrived late, bad conditionStarted shrink wrapping books
Made it easier to count
Products arrived in better conditions
Gave more time to people in warehouse to do their job
Ended reputation of warehouse people as "knuckle draggers"
|What were some of the technological advances during the 14th-18th centuries?||
microscope, telescope, printing press
|What is archeology?||
the study of the past based on material remains of a culture
|methods of archeaology||
focus on artifacts and tells us about culture
|Lewis Henry Morgan||
best known for his work on cultural evolution and Native Americans
|Who is Charles Darwin?||
one of the most influential people in the natrual world thought of - evolution, adaptive radiation, gradual, natrual selection
|Malawi Goat Project||
Program set up to give milk goats to women with young children.
Program very successful
Women did use milk for children
Even small amounts of goat milk improved weight and height of children
98% gave back first kid of their doe
Women also asked for soybeans when goats weren't producing milk
|Explain passing on of traits||
Traits pass on and keep passing on, eventually the trait becomes the norm
What are the three characteristics of Culture?
Note: This is one of the four subfields of Anthropology.
1.Culture is learned, shared and patterned. Anybody can learn it. No single person knows all about its own culture. Culture is NOT random.
2. Culture is a whole systerm, integrated network (econ, politics, society, etc)
3. Culture is complex. Diverse origins, originated from integration of many ideas, it is dynamic and it CAN change.
4. Also... Culture is MATERIAL.
|What scale was Cavier thinking about catastrophism and why?||
He was thinking it occured on a regional scale, animals die and new ones come in from neighboring areas, thought thats what explained fossil record