intro to poetry Flashcards

Terms Definitions
"Old Joke"
Graveyard poems
shape poem
(falling silent)
"Frost at Midnight"
_ _/_ _/
often used phrase
closed form
an irregular pattern
Archetypal Image
patterns in literature
feminine rhyme
two syllables that rhyme
Dictionary definition of a word.
the use of run-on lines
understatement, stating something is less than it is
similarity of grammatical structure for similar meaning
the continuation of sense and grammatical construction from one line of verse to another
section three (billy collins)
cliches, discovery, imagery
original greek word meaning "a making"
15th century
ballad and sonnet to england
Lines that are discordant and difficult to pronounce.
Exploits the reader by inducing responses that exceed what the situation warrents
the process of identifying stressed and unstressed syllables
"part of the whole"reference to something using some component that is important enough to stand for the whole
a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet
a generally recurring subject or idea noticeably evident in a literary work.
section two (billy collins)
spirituality, wonder, afterlife, dreams, travel
enjambment example
only the stuttering rifles' rapid rattle
the continuation of a syntactic unit from one line of verse into the next line without a pause
Figurative Language
Primary device used in poetry
based on some kind of comparison that is not actualy true
Richard Lovelace
18th century. century of the revolution. arch cavalier. loyalist. Several girlfriends put in his poetry.
a fixed form of fourteen lines, traditionally written in iambic pentameter and rimed throughour
concrete poetry
a visual poetry composed exclusively for the page in which a picture or image is made of printed letters and words. Concrete poetry attempts to blur the line between language and visual objects, usually relying on puns and cleverness.
putting things side by side without explanation
any resemblence, in form or function, between otherwise unlike objects
foot with strong, weak, weak stress pattern( / - - )
a versde meter consisting of four metrical feet or primary stresses per line
the restatement in ones own words of what one understands a poem to say or suggest.
six rhyme stanzas in which two lines are repeated in the pattern
talk about speaker of the poem. the mask the author chooses put on for the poem; they choose a certain side of a person
think of it as a speaker
Anne Bradstreet
one of the first American poets. separates her writing from men's in prologue - especially Milton. wrote only about her experiences.
Stress (Accent)
Places more emphasis on one syllable than on another.
open form
verse that has no set scheme-no regular meter, rime, or stanzaic pattern. also called free verse
two or more lines beginning with the same word
Close Reading
a method of analysis involving careful step-by-step explication of a poem in order to understand how various elements work together
a figure of speech in which a thing, an animal or an abstract term (truth, nature..etc.) is made human.
simile example
this is like that
The snow came down last night like moths
Dramatic Irony
When the writer allows the reader to know more about a situation than a character does.
accentual meter
verse meter based on the number of stresses per line, not the number of syllables
Ballad Stanza
Lines 1 & 3 are iambic tetrameterLines 2 & 4 are iambic trimeterRhyme scheme is a,b,a,b
a complex verse form in which six end words are repeated in a prescribed order through six stanzas
The good Morrow
"Sucked on Country" Screwing - I was not important until I met you. When he looks at her, she is his whole world. The love must be equally shared or its over. DONNE
Terza Rima
a verse form made up of 3-line stanzas that are connected by an overlapping rhyme scheme
Rape of the Lock
Epic poem about 2 people flirting and in the end the guy cuts off a lock of her hair. She is offended and hurt by his creepy actions because it destroyed her dignity.
William Wordsworth; Nuns Fret Not at their convents narrow room; sonnet
High as the highest PEak of Furness-fells,
will murmur by the hour in foxglove bells:
in truth, the prison, unto which we doom
ourselves, no prison is: and hence for me
discrete self
three lines
Shakespearean sonnet
"imperfect rhyme"
onomatopoeia example
2,4,6,8,2 syllable pattern
"Diving into the Wreck"
Repition of consonate sounds
"At the exicuted murderer's grave"
a direct comparison using is
Two or more simultaneous interpretations of a word.
a stanza of eight lines
a harsh, unpleasant combination of sounds or tones
the repetition of vowel sounds
the repetition of 2 or more vowels in successive words
13th century
spiritualization of passion, imagery and secret love
Order of words into meaningful patterns.
Formal Diction
dignified, impersonal, and elevated language.
poetry the depicts the world realisticallyEx: Shakespeare's "Winter"
three stanzas of eight linesRhyme Scheme: a,b,a,b,b,c,b,c
a direct comparasion of two unlike things w/o like or as
words, phrases, or sentences that are repeated in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza
reference to a famous person, place, event or thing. often times is mythological or historical
The Relic
Reminiscent of saints in roman catholic church. bracelet symbolizes the he is waiting for judgment day and lover will be able to find each other. If found by Catholics she is Mary he is Jesus . You cant explain love. DONNE
Implied Metaphor
Subtle comparison; the terms being compared are not so specifically explained.
the basic unit of measurement in metrical poetry. Each separate meter is identified by the pattern and order of stressed and unstressed syllables in its foot.
Verbal Irony
a statement that means it's contraryEx: "Keep up your bright swords, for the dew will rust them." - Othello
the repetition of 2 or more consonant sounds in successive words in a line.
(ex: cool, cat, cupboard)
word phrase, line, or stanza that is repeated
imagery example
snow smoothly clasps the roofs of homes
fear-gutted, trustless and estranged
Style of meta-physicians
the metaphysical poets adopted a style that is energetic, uneven, and rigorous. (Johnson decried its roughness and violation of decorum, the deliberate mixture of different styles.) It has also been labeled the 'poetry of strong lines'. In his important essay, 'The Metaphysical Poets' (1921), which helped bring the poetry of Donne and his contemporaries back into favour, T. S. ELIOT argued that their work fuses reason with passion; it shows a unification of thought and feeling which later became separated into a 'dissociation of sensibility. Their work was characterized by inventiveness of metaphor. Their style was characterized by wit and metaphysical conceits--far-fetched or unusual similes or metaphors, such as in Andrew Marvell’s comparison of the soul with a drop of dew. Platonic concepts found in metaphysical poetry is the idea that the perfection of beauty in the beloved acted as a remembrance of perfect beauty in the eternal realm
Poetic Diction
Use of elevated language rather than ordinary language.
closed couplet
two rimed lines of iambic pentameter that usually contain an independent and complete thought or statement. Also called heroic couplet
a foot with weak, weak stress pattern( - - )
a recurring pattern of two or more lines of verse; equivalent to a paragraph in prose
lyric poem
a short poem expressing the thoughts & feelings of a single speaker often written in the first person
Holy sonnet 10.
death similar to sleeping, death could be a reward, death puts up with chances and murder -weal death does not really clam - you wake for eternal life. DONNE
Play on words that relies on a word having more than one meaning or sounding like another word.
Withheld Image
the image that is not literally stated in the language of the poem
English (Shakespearean) Sonnet
rhyme scheme organized in 3 quatrains with a final couplet: abab cdcd efef gg
3 main parts of poetry
Phanopoeia - imagery Logopoegia - Meaningmelopoeia - Sound (Accent and Tone)
Personification example
first snow in Alsace- as if it did not know they'd changed
end-stopped line
A line of verse that ends in a full pause, often indicated by punctuation
written by Chester Burnett, performed by lucinda williams; I asked for water; blues
I asked the conductor, " can I ride the blinds?"
I asked the conductor," can I ride the blinds?"
he said. "girl, buy your ticket, buy your ticket
'cause this train ain't none of mine
/ 99

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