Jainism Flashcards

Terms Definitions
brahmacharya
Chastity
Purvas
Scripture
samani
Jain semi-nun
Ahimsa
Non injury
Anekatavada
-"manysidedness" "non-absolutism" "non-one sidedness"
-no single point of view is the complete truth, truth is perceived differently from different points of view, so encouraged to consider the beliefs of rivals or others
jivas
souls, or life
What is Loka
Universe
Kevala
highest state of perfection
What is Ahimsa
Non Violence
Mahavira
extreme asceticism, 24th Tirthankara, achieved kevala, starved to death, founder of jainism
kevala-jnana
enlightenment which involves the gaining of infinite knowledge
Ajiva
Non-living components of the universe
Jainism
With certain exceptions, __________ generally does not promote devotional practices directed towards a deity.
Shravaka
One who performs the service
Parsava
creator of the 4 vows
Jina
"conqueror" one who has achieved spiritual victory over the afflictions and conditions of life.
Divali
3 day fast; meditate on Mahavir
Karma
Moral law of cause and effect
asceticism
renunciation of physical pleasures and worldly attachments for the sake of spirtitual advancement
Triloka
Areas of the universe considered together. Upper, middle and lower.
Sthanakavasi
branch - rejects use of statues/temples
30
Mahavira spent the next (blank) years traveling around India preaching to people.
Mahavir
"Great Hero"; major teacher; prince of Kshadtriya clan; meditated for 12 years
Loka
Universe depicted as a man, icy-hot hell for feet, heaven is head
Shvetambaras
Tradition that allows monks to wear clothes. They believe women can obtain release from life without being reborn as men.
puja
ritual in honor of tirthankara or deity
Swastika
The four spoked or four armed cross, symbolizing to Jains the cycle of rebirth
Svetambara
Jain order of monks who are less ascetic than the Digambara; monks and nuns wear simple white cloth robes; "white clad"
What does tirtankuras mean?
Makers of the river crossing
What is the difference in jivas?
Their physical mass
Digambara
A highly ascetic order of Jain monks who wear no clothes.
hylozoism
belief that all matter has life and suffering
no stealing, lieing, killing, or owning property
the inital 4 vows
ahimsa, vegetarians (etc.)
What do they strongly believe in? / How do they practice it
Heaven, human existence, and Hell
3 divisions in their idea of the universe
texts
Kalpasutra
Anekantwad
non-absolutism (open-minded)
Asteya
No stealing
Tirthankara
Saint =
Circumambulaiton
Walk around temple
Bhagavad-Gita
more popular jain text
a
non-injury-mental, verbal and physical:
a. Ahimsa
b. Satya
c. Asteya
d. Brahma-charya
e. Aparigraha
"White Clad"
Monks wear white
satya
truthfulness- 2nd principle of conduct
What are four-sensed life-forms?
Flying insects
aparigraha
Non-acquisitiveness, a major Jain principle
ahisma
Non-violence, a central Jain principle.
The 5 Vows
*-Ahisma: non violence.
*-Satya: truth.
-Achaurya (or Asteya): non-stealing.
*-Brahmacharya: celibacy/chastity.
-Aparigraha: Non attachment/Non possession.
e
nonattachment to material things, and excessive possessions:
a. Ahimsa
b. Satya
c. Asteya
d. Brahma-charya
e. Aparigraha
Tirthankaras
The great enlightened teachers in Jainism, of whom Mahariva was the last in the present cosmic cycle.
Middle world
Earth and rest of universe
agam mandirs
Temples dedicated to the Svetambaras' sacred agama texts, found especially in the western Indian regions of Gujarat and Maharashatra
3 Jain Principles
1. Ahimsa (Non-violence)
2. Aparigraha (Non-attachment)
3. Anekantward (Open-mindedness)
siddha
"one who is accomplished" and refers to perfected masters who, have subdued their minds to be subservient to their Awareness, and have transformed their bodies into a different kind of body dominated by sattva. This is usually accomplished only by persistent meditation.
samsara
The continual round of birth, death, and rebirth.
anekantavada
No single point of view is completely true.
sramana
one who renounces the world and leads an ascetic life for the purpose of spiritual development and liberation. Typically śramaṇas assert that human beings are responsible for their own deeds and reap the fruits of those deeds, for good or ill.
monks nuns
Fasting is practiced by _____ and _____ In Digambara sect and Shvetambara sect the laity practices fasting (paryusana), at least once a year. (hint: mn)
Explain Shvetembaras
White- Clad. Accepted women. Lived in West and NW. They remember sermons of Mahavira.
What are the two best known tirtankuras?
Parshva and Mahavira
Why are Digambaras always nude?
Clothes show attachment, open to surroundings
Explain the young Jaims
3500 members in 2003. Went to Indian immigrants, built temples.
kalpas
ions
jiva
the soul
none
Creator or gods?
Time of Creation
founded 550 B.c.
Digambaras
2nd largest sect of Jainism
What are two-sensed life-forms?
Shellfish and worms
Sthankakvasis
Group that separated from the Shvetambaras over use of hte idols in worship.
Famine led to split
Origin of sects
"Sky Clad"
Naked. Monks practice extreme ascetism- no clothes even in public
Samyak Caritra
Right Conduct, implemented though the "five practices" of non-violence, truthfulness, non-stealing, sexual purity, and non-possession
Bihar
cradle of Jainism; where the 24 Tirthankaras are thought to have achieved liberation
agamas
canonical texts of Jainism based on Mahavira's teachings.
tirt
Jain spiritual heroes, wuch as Parshva and Mahavira, who have shown the way to salvation
rigorous asceticism
humans shed impurities and can achieve a pure state through a life of strict denial, penance, and discipline; divided into two main groups: Shvetambaras (white-robed) and Digambarasv (sky-clad)
Acaranga
Book with the life of Mahavira, and conduct for monks and nuns.
Explain Digambaras
Sky-clad, do not accept women. lived in central southern india. They say Mahaviras teachings are lost but preserved in Agamas. It guides them to right path, not complete truth.
Vardhamana Mahavira
A Kshatriya who left home at 30, and after 12 years of meditation realized perfect perception, knowledge, bliss (founder of Jainism)
What do Jains believe?
We are born again and again until we finally free ourselves from Samsara.
/ 80
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online