Japanese Culture Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
sayoonara
goodbye
mikan
japanese orange
bonsai
miniaturised trees
Karate
self-defense without weapons
gaijin
an outsider; foreigner.
sasshi no bunka
Guessing culture
Sumo
Japanese style of wrestling
daruma
a large red papier-mâché Japanese doll in the form of a seated potbellied Buddhist monk: considered a bringer of luck and prosperity.
Zazen
meditation practice of Zen Buddhism
obi
wide belt which covers kimono
Kanto
The Kantō region (関東地方 Kantō-chihō?) is a geographical area of Honshū, the largest island of Japan. The region includes the Greater Tokyo Area and encompasses seven prefectures: Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki, Saitama, Tokyo, Chiba, and Kanagawa. Within its boundaries, slightly more than 40 percent of the land area is the Kantō Plain. The rest consists of the hills and mountains that form the land borders. Its population, which releases official intercensal estimates for prefectures every October (only) by the Japan Statistics Bureau was 42,053,000.[1]
Propitiation-exorcism
FUCK I DONT KNOW....Whatever, skipping
calligraphy
fancy penmanship, esp. highly decorative handwriting, as with a great many flourishes:
amaterasu
the Japanese Shinto goddess personifying the sun.
sensei
a karate or judo instructor.
henna gaijin
meaning "Strange outsider." Occurs when outsider appreciates Japanese Culture too much.
Shinto
the ancient indigenous religion of Japan lacking formal dogma
Yayoi
The Yayoi period (弥生時代 Yayoi jidai?) is an era in the history of Japan traditionally dated 300 BC to 300 AD.[1] It is named after the neighbourhood of Tokyo where archaeologists first uncovered artifacts and features from that era. Distinguishing characteristics of the Yayoi period include the appearance of new pottery styles and the start of an intensive rice agriculture in paddy fields. The Yayoi followed the Jōmon period (14,000 BC to 300 BC) and Yayoi culture flourished in a geographic area from southern Kyūshū to northern Honshū.
Geisha
Geisha (芸者, Geisha?) or Geigi (芸妓, Geigi?) are traditional female Japanese entertainers. They are skilled at different Japanese arts, like playing classical Japanese music, dancing and poetry. Some people believe that geishas are prostitutes, but this is not true.[1] The term "geisha" is made of two Japanese words, 芸 (gei) meaning "art" and 者 (sha) meaning "person who does" or "to be employed in". The most literal translation of geisha to English is "artist". Geishas are very respected and it is hard to become one
Sakyamuni
Gautama, also known as Śākyamuni ("Sage of the Śākyas"), is the primary figure in Buddhism, and accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers. Various collections of teachings attributed to him were passed down by oral tradition, and first committed to writing about 400 years later.
aikido
a Japanese form of self-defense utilizing wrist, joint, and elbow grips to immobilize or throw one's opponent.
kabuki
popular drama of Japan, developed chiefly in the 17th century, characterized by elaborate costuming, rhythmic dialogue, stylized acting, music, and dancing, and the performance of both male and female roles by male actors.
noh
classic drama of Japan, developed chiefly in the 14th century, employing verse, prose, choral song, and dance in highly conventionalized formal and thematic patterns derived from religious sources and folk myths.
haori
a loose, knee-length, Japanese garment resembling a coat.
hinoki cypress
an evergreen tree, Chamaecyparis obtusa, of Japan, having scalelike leaves and orange-brown cones, grown for timber and as an ornamental.
koto
a Japanese musical instrument having numerous strings, usually seven or thirteen, that are stretched over a convex wooden sounding board and are plucked with three plectra, worn on the thumb, index finger, and middle finger of one hand.
origami
the traditional Japanese art or technique of folding paper into a variety of decorative or representational forms, as of animals or flowers.
udon
thick, white Japanese noodles made from wheat flour, often served in soup.
ikebana
the Japanese art of arranging flowers.
geta
a traditional Japanese wooden clog that is worn outdoors, with a thong that passes between the first two toes and with two transverse supports on the bottom of the sole.
daikon
a large, elongated, white winter radish, Raphanus sativus longipinnatus, used esp. in Asian cuisine and sometimes pickled.
Two weaknesess of Nemawashi
time consuming, distorted messages
katakana
Japanese writing used to write words adapted from English or other languages
male-oriented, hierarchical
Confucianism is obviously a _________ scheme that is easily related to the system of ___________ relations.
dirt, cleanliness
The importance of thise distinction (uchi and soto) and its association with ____ and ___________ is illustrated by looking at the ways it is used in training small children.
group life
The kindergarten or day nursery introduces children to _____ ____ in preparation for school.
Sake
Japanese Alcohol made from rice, used for celebrations but for driking in general as well
Ainu
indigenous people or groups in Japan and Russia, ethnic issues in Japan resulting in those with Ainu backgrounds hiding their identities and confusion over mixed heritages,During the Tokugawa period (1600–1868) the Ainu became increasingly involved in trade with Japanese who controlled the southern portion of the island that is now called Hokkaido, It was not until June 6, 2008 that Japan formally recognized the Ainu as an indigenous group
sashimi
raw fish cut into very thin slices.
futon
a thin mattress, usually filled with layers of cotton batting and encased in cotton fabric, placed on a floor for sleeping, esp. in traditional Japanese interiors, and folded and stored during the day.
sushi
cold boiled rice moistened with rice vinegar, usually shaped into bite-size pieces and topped with raw seafood
izanagi
the Japanese god who fathered the islands and gods of Japan by a union with his sister Izanami.
soba
flat noodles made from buckwheat and wheat flours, used in Japanese cookery.
seppuku
ceremonial suicide by ripping open the abdomen with a dagger or knife: formerly practiced in Japan by members of the warrior class when disgraced or sentenced to death.
amida
a Buddha who rules over paradise, enjoying endless and infinite bliss.
go
a Japanese game for two persons, played on a board having 361 intersections on which black and white stones or counters are alternately placed, the object being to block off and capture the opponent's stones and control the larger part of the board.
kata
an exercise consisting of several of the specific movements of a martial art, esp. a pattern prescribed for defending oneself against several attackers, used in judo and karate training.
ukiyo-e
a genre style of painting and printmaking developed in Japan from the 17th to the 19th centuries and marked by the depiction of the leisure activities of ordinary people.
honshu
an island in central Japan: chief island of the country. 95,580,000; 88,851 sq. mi. (230,124 sq. km).
kyushu
an island in SW Japan. 13,600,200; 15,750 sq. mi. (40,793 sq. km).
umeboshi
a salty and tart Japanese condiment made from unripened plums pickled in a brine.
kanji
a system of Japanese writing using Chinese-derived characters.
ofuro
a short, deep Japanese bathtub, often with a seat, in which a person sits upright while soaking in hot water.
Truthfulness
Truth lies only in the inner realm [which is] symbolically located in the heart or belly
Daimyo
a japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai
moral, ethical
Confucianism is more of a __________ or _________ system than a system of religious practice.
collective, self-interest
An individual child still learns to enjoy the advantages of its new identity as a member of the __________ group in preschool establishments, and it sees that it is in fact in its own interest in certain circumstances to put ____ ________ second.
Ukiyo (Floating World)
pleasure seeking aspects, the redlight distric of edo (tokyo) also can oog along with the ukiyo-e or the pictures of the floating world on wood prints
Kagura
is a Japanese word referring to a specific type of Shinto theatrical dance—with roots arguably predating those of Noh. Once strictly a ceremonial art derived from kami'gakari (神懸, かみがかり, "oracular divination") and chinkon (鎮魂, ちんこん, "spirit pacification"), Kagura has evolved in many directions over the span of a millennium. Today it is very much a living tradition, with rituals tied to the rhythms of the agricultural calendar, as well as vibrant Kabuki-esque theatre, thriving primarily in parts of Shimane prefecture, and urban centers such as Hiroshima. [1]
Ie
The ie (家?), or "household", was the basic unit of Japanese law until the end of World War II: most civil and criminal matters were considered to involve families rather than individuals (Iwasawa 1998:233)
gagaku
the select group of Japanese men who, as both dancers and musicians, perform the bugaku.
yen
an aluminum coin and monetary unit of Japan, equal to 100 sen or 1000 rin.
zori
a Japanese sandal, often made of straw or rubber and consisting of a flat sole held on the foot by a thong passing between the first and second toes.
ninja
a member of a feudal Japanese society of mercenary agents, highly trained in martial arts and stealth
bento
a meal, usually served in a lacquered or elaborately decorated box that is divided into sections for holding individual portions of food.
gong
a large bronze disk, of Asian origin, having an upturned rim, that produces a vibrant, hollow tone when struck, usually with a stick or hammer that has a padded head.
wasabi
an Asian plant, Eutrema wasabi, of the mustard family.
yakitori
a dish of small pieces of boneless chicken, usually marinated, skewered, and grilled.
teriyaki
a dish of grilled slices of beef, chicken, or fish that have been marinated in soy sauce seasoned with sake, ginger, and sugar.
kowtow
to act in an obsequious manner; show servile deference.
bushido
(in feudal Japan) the code of the samurai, stressing unquestioning loyalty and obedience and valuing honor above life.
ninjutsu
a member of a feudal Japanese society of mercenary agents, highly trained in martial arts and stealth
shrine
a building or other shelter, often of a stately or sumptuous character, enclosing the remains or relics of a saint or other holy person and forming an object of religious veneration and pilgrimage.
dame & chigau
Chigau = "That's wrong." Japanese use Dame in exchange for the word iie. (refers to the avoidance of "no")
support, important
The parents of small hildren recieve a great deal of _______ and information about their role in Japan, and this is considered to be an _________ time to mould a child for future life.
Jus Sanguinis/Jus Soli
Jus sanguinis (Latin: right of blood) is a social policy by which citizenship is not determined by place of birth, but by having a parent(s) who are citizens of the nation///Jus soli (Latin: right of the soil),[1] also known as birthright citizenship, is a right by which nationality or citizenship can be recognized to any individual born in the territory of the related state.
tabi
a covering for the foot, similar to a sock, having a separate pouchlike stall for the large toe, worn esp. in Japan, often with zoris.
shikoku
an island in SW Japan, S of Honshu: the smallest of the main islands of Japan. 5,877,500; 7249 sq. mi. (18,775 sq. km).
kamikaze
(during World War II) a member of a special corps in the Japanese air force charged with the suicidal mission of crashing an aircraft laden with explosives into an enemy target, esp. a warship.
nara
a city on S Honshu, in central Japan: chief Buddhist center of ancient Japan; first capital of Japan a.d. 710–84. 297,893.
chopsticks
one of a pair of thin, tapered sticks, often of wood or ivory, held in one hand between the thumb and fingers and used chiefly in China, Japan, and other Asian countries for lifting food to the mouth.
Change their shoes
What do small children learn when they go in and out of the house?
Tea ceremony, flower arrangement
What are two things which Zen is associated with in Japanese arts?
Setsu, Getsu, Ka Japanese nature motifs
Snow, Moon, and Flowers. Japanese love of nature.
Life after death and salvation of the individual
What is Buddhism's concern in general?
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