A &P Flashcards

Terms Definitions
synthersize
make
VAGIN/O
VAGINA
nervous tissue
control
solute
dissolved substance
pressure
force over area
Dominance hierarchy
Pecking order
nutrient
a nutrient substance.
Aquaporin
rapid H2O transport channels
Thiols
Organic compounds containing sulfhydryls
Are bacteria living organisms?
yes
benefit
good side of an occurrence
meristems
perpetually embryonic tissues which makes the plant always capable for growth
Insulina, alcohol, salicilicados, fármacos B adrenérgicos, inhibidores de monoxidass interaccionan produciendo una
accion hipoglucemiante
GTP
guanosine triphospate; An energy transfer molecule similar to ATP that releases free energy with the hydrolysis of its terminal phosphate group.
Plasma Membrane
thin Trilaminar (three-layered) sheet.
Consists of proteins and lipids
1. determines what gets in and out of cell
2. Some proteins in PM receptors, receiving chemical signals from outside the cell, cell2cell
3. Slight protection
This endomembrane organelle is responsible for the storage and transport of hydrophilic enzymes
lysosome
variation
nessasery for evolution to occur
Sepal
structure that encloses and protects the developing flower bud and opens as the flower blooms
Haploid
The gametes of sexually reproducing organisms contain only a single set of genes
Testable explanation of a natural phenomenon.
hypothesis
inside the nucleus and makes ribosomes
nucleolus
Kingdom of single cell prokaryotes that make up the most commonly found bacteria
Eubacteria
branch points
divergence of two evolutionary lineages
Gibberellin
Chemical that causes advanced plant growth
Ecology
The study of interactions between organisms and their environments
Cell membrane:
lipid bilayer that surrounds cell.
Name the protein found in microtubules
tubulin
mature
complete in natural growth or development, as plant and animal forms:
monosaccharide
a carbohydrate that does not hydrolyze, as glucose, fructose, or ribose, occurring naturally or obtained by the hydrolysis of glycosides or polysaccharides.
Centralization
concentration of nerve cells that form nerve cords or nerve rings around the mouth of primitive invertebrates
substrates
The reactants that bind to the enzyme
controlled experiment
whenever possible, a hypothesis should be tested by an experiment in which only one variable is changed at a time. All other variable should be kept unchanged, or controlled
method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides, creating a new cell
cyotkinesis
Early in glycolysis, two ATP molecules are invested to cleave on glucose into two molecules of __________.
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate
Exergonic Reaction
releases energy; - Delta G; Catabolic
Elements
A substance that cannot be decomposed into simpler substances by chemical means, and is made up of atoms all with identical number of protons
schleiden
nucleus is involved in reproduction . all plants are made up of cells
ribose
The five-carbon sugar present in RNA and in important nucleoside triphosphates such as ATP.
domain
(1) A structural and functional region of a protein. (2) The broadest taxonomic category; each domain includes one or more kingdoms.
these are fluid-filled and surround the lungs
pleural membranes
nucleolus
small dense region within most nuclei in which assembly of proteins begin
peripheral nervous system
nerves outside of the CNS
photosynthesis
process by which autotrophs, such as algae and plants, trap energy from sunlight with chlorophyll and use this energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into simple sugars
prokaryotic
any cellular organism that has no nuclear membrane, no organelles in the cytoplasm except ribosomes, and has its genetic material in the form of single continuous strands forming coils or loops, characteristic of all organisms in the kingdom Monera, as th
regression
reversion to an earlier or less advanced state or form or to a common or general type
fetus
used chiefly of viviparous mammals the young of an animal in the womb or egg, esp. in the later stages of development when the body structures are in the recognizable form of its kind, in humans after the end of the second month of gestation.
Segragation
the alleles has been separated from the second half
Style
in a flower plant, the stemlike narrow part of the carpel
Transpiration
water can also enter the atmosphere gy evaporating from the leaves of the plants
Arrector Pili
Tiny, smooth muscles attached to hair follicles; contraction causes the hair to stand upright
Cerebrum
The lobes of that brain that integrate sensory information and coordinate the creature's response to that information
Excision Repair
Corrects DNA errors that result from damage
The system in the body that includes skin, hair, and nails.
Integumentary
neutral theory
much evolutionary change in genes and proteins has no effect on fitness and therefore is not influenced by Darwinian evolution
eukaryotic cell
An organism whose cells have nuclei and other membrane-enclosed organelles. Includes protists, fungi, plants, and animals.
Imprinting
Larinign that is limited to a specific period in an animal's life.
nuclear envelope
layer of two membranes that surrounds the nucleus of a cell
Water participates directly in the light reactions of photosynthesis by:
providing H+ atoms.
molecular formula
The type of chemical formula that gives the actual numbers of each type of atom in a molecule.
archean
noting or pertaining to rocks of the Archeozoic portion of the Precambrian Era.
golgi body
an organelle, consisting of layers of flattened sacs, that takes up and processes secretory and synthetic products from the endoplasmic reticulum and then either releases the finished products into various parts of the cell cytoplasm or secretes them to t
diffraction
wave in bent when it passes around an obstacles or through a hole in it
sister chromatids
One of two identical halves of a duplicated chromosome; the two chromatids that make up a chromosome are referred to as sister chromatids.
evolutionary biology
study of the origin and descent of species over time
______- cells are the basic unit of life, all living things are made of cells, all cells are from pre-existing cells
cell theory
Photosystem II (P680)
Absorption spectrum peaks at 680 nm (red area of spectrum)
Define Structural Homology
The study of similar structures in different species.
Red Blood cells =
Erythrocytes.. carry oxygen and co2, connective tissue
natural selection
the process by which forms of life having traits that better enable them to adapt to specific environmental pressures, as predators, changes in climate, or competition for food or mates, will tend to survive and reproduce in greater numbers than others of
True or False: A drug is any illegal substance that changes the structure or fuction of the body.
True
What is the process and in order
Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
Visible Light
Between about 380 and 750 nm in wavelength, detectable by the human eye
In aerobic respiration, glucose is converted into _____________when they enter the Kreb's cycle.
2 molecules of pyruvic acid
Translocation mutation
when part of gene of a DNA brakes off ans switches with another part
What do red blood cells do?
They carry oxygen in the blood
when does transcription occur
in the nuclesus be cause it can't be creates outside of it
Which of the following is true of photosynthetic prokaryotes? They have: __________.
infolded regions of the plasmaa membrane where pigments reside
Do phloem cells need to be alive in order for phloem to do their job? Why or why not?
yes, because they actively expend energy to guide the flow of the organic molecules throughout the plant
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