Japanese Religion Final Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
memorial service
Shinto priest
protective talismans
Memorial monuments
fate, fortune
human feelings
My intentions
Shinto purification rite
a Buddhist altar
What I want
Petto Kuyô
memorial for pets
feudal Japanese military aristocracy
"the sun's origin", Japan
Literally "Clean Government Party; political party created by members of the New Religion Sôka Gakkai in 1964 as part of their world peace efforts and emphasized expansion of social welfare.
Literally the teaching/religion of divine wisdom, a new religion founded by a farmer's wife, Nakayama Miki
ancestor. Ancestors are presently involved in the current affairs of the household which they had previously inhabited, and are to be commemorated by the living in order to ensure their own prosperity and continuity.
"tent government;" the military government established by Tokugawa Ieyasu that was temporary replacement for the emperor's rule
William James' definition of religion
ancestral tablet, memorial tablet; a tablet placed in the butsudan, inscribed with an ancestor's posthemous name
"world renewal;" Power to transform the world. Creating an ideal society through faith.
Teshima Ikuro
Master and Founder of Mayuka.
The sacred Buddhist texts. Usually recited during funerals and other Buddhist rituals/ceremonies.
Festival that occurs in mid-November. Girls of age 3 or 7 and boys of age 5 are placed under the protective blessings of the kami at their local shrine
"church," Sect Shinto or Christian places of worship
literally, the "Awakened One"; title of Siddhartha Gautama (ca. 5th-4th cenury B.C.E.), the historical Buddha; in Mahayana Buddhism there are many Buddhas
literally, an "enlightened being", a being that holds off final extinction to save others. A Buddhist figure of worship.
'tabernacle', abbreviated name for the Japanese new religion originally called 'The Original Gospel Movement: The Tabernacle of Christ'. A Christian-based New Religion, also known as The Original Gospel, that supports the state of Israel because it is the birthplace of biblical prophecies, and therefore sends its followers to study Hebrew in Israeli kibbutzim.
Danka seido
"parish household system." System requiring families in a given locality to register with a temple in order to keep track of marriages, births and deaths.
The commonly used Japanese translation of 'religion.' Literally means 'sect-doctrine,' denoting a separation between religious practices and everyday life, an idea antithetical to the Japanese mentality.
Fukei jiken
(means "disrespect incident"), the term used to describe Uchimura's refusal to bow before the Imperial Rescript on Education in 1891
a hereditary military dictator of Japan, the head of the military government of Japan in the era of the samurai
start of new religions
people started to share their beliefs, Movements which called for changing the catholic church
philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity
the public shrine for Shinto worship
kokoro no tsunagari
heart of connection- ancestors
move from feudalism toward capitalism, industrialization, secularization, rationalization, the nation-state and its constituent institutions and forms of surveillance
amulets dedicated to particular Shinto deities as well as Buddhist figures.
danka system
"tomb/grave family"; Tokugawa era, everyone had to be a registered Buddhist
Jinja Honchô
the Association of Shinto Shrines, formed in 1946 to unite Shinto shrines in the face of the loss of state patronage. It continues to direct the majority of shrine affairs to this day.
a festival during which families visit their temple and celebrate their ancestors; takes place during the summer
sacred dance, performed as a Shinto rite, usually performed by shrine maidens during many Shinto ceremonies. Their aim is to delight the kami and inspire them to benevolence on behalf of humankind..
divinity. A person, thing or natural phenomenon that is awe-inspiring and has a divine presence.
the Ministry of Religions in Japanese government which was established in March 1872
Religious formula that contains of the Lotus Sutra and is recited by adherents of Nichiren Buddhism: "Namu Myôhô Rengekyô (Praised be the Lotus Sutra)."
the characteristic gate of the Shinto shrine. This gates indicate the entrance into sacred space.
goma rituals
Performed by esoteric Buddhist monks and by yamabushi, these are requests to a deity/Buddha are inscribed on sticks of wood that are then burnt on a pyre while invocations are chanted.
One of four major islands that constitute Japan and the location of a pilgrimage that circles the island and is about 1500 kilometers long with 88 temples dedicated to Kôbô Daishi along the way
the object of worship; particularly, a mandala-like scroll with thetitle of the Lotus Sutra andth names of major divinities worshipped in Nichiren Shôshû and Sôka Gakkai
the Great Teaching Institute, set up in 1873. Despite being a privately funded organization, it had governmental approval, and its objective was to coordinate propaganda and serve as a forum to discuss cross-sect Buddhist issues.
Was the proclamation of the people that they belonged to a specific land/kingdom. England and France were the first major ones.
the modern descendant of the Japanese approximation of the Chinese pronunciation of the character at the time it was introduced.
Japanese Buddhist custom to honor the departed spirits of one's ancestors.
apparently youre going to miss that point.
a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
an economic system based on private property and free enterprise
a world religion or philosophy based on the teaching of the Buddha and holding that a state of enlightenment can be attained by suppressing worldly desire
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
The predecessor of Tokugawa; succeeded Nobunaga Oda and laid the foundations of the Tokugawa shogunate
dangerous or unlucky year. The age at which a person (e.g., 33 for a woman and 42 for a man) is considered to have his/her unlucky or dangerous year. In these years the person is at the mercy of bad luck, misfortune, or illness and are more likely to visit shrines for protection.
gyô or shugyô
practice or training. For mountain ascetics, this includea, but is not limited to "standing under waterfalls, pouring buckets of ice-cold water over one's body, especially in the depths of winter, fasting, intense periods of meditation, incessant walking, isolation and the denial of sleep"
visiting the grave of an ancestor for the purpose of making offerings, and to pray.
Asahara Shôkô
born in 1955; Aum Shinrikyo's founder and leader; referred to as the "Master" or "Guru" by Aum adherents
Francis Xavier
led Jesuit missionaries to Asia where by 1550 thousands of natives had been converted to Christianity in India, Indonesia, and Japan
The great period of rebirth in art, literature, and learning in the 14th-16th centuries, which marked the transition into the modern periods of European history
New Religions
Religions that draw on concepts from Shitō, Buddhism and folk superstition. 1800's on and defined purpose.
a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
Oda Nobunaga
Japanese lord who seized the imperial capital kyoto in 1568 and sought to rule the empire by force, ended the ashikaga shogunate.
the family altar, a Shintō shrine for the home
Industrial Revolution
A time of great centralization and industrialization leaving agriculture behind.
a great deal of respect and devotion to ones country
The way I construct myself to the outside.
Kakure kirishitan- "hidden Christians"
Christians practicing in secret in Japan from the introduction of Chistianity in the 16th century through the Edo period and into the Meiji period. Influenced by French missionaries in 1865, they built chapels and encouraged Catholics to refuse the ban on Christianity. In 1867 the govenor of Nakasaki arrested 68 leaders of hidden Christians and had them tortured in order to force them to deny their faith.
Imperial Rescript of Education
Rescript promulgated by the Meiji Emperor in 1890 to encourage Japanese students to become loyal and obedient subjects willing to sacrifice themselves for the sake of the Japanese nation and the Emperor. The document was enshrined and worshipped in Japanese schools along with a portrait of the emperor.
a family grave where the ashes of the deceased are interred.
Izanami and Izanagi
two creator divinities who created the Japanese islands and the people who live there.
beans are thrown out the door of a house. it is said to purify the house of evil spirits.
Murasaki Shikibu
Japanese poet, novelist and a maid of honor of the imperial court during the Heian period of Japan. She is best known as the author of The Tale of Genji, written in Japanese between about 1000 and 1008, which is the earliest known novel in human history
A deity once worshiped as a god of the rice harvest, but now equally popular as a god of business.
the first visit of the New Year to a Buddhist temple or Shinto shrine
Nihongi (also Nihon shoki)
a national chronicle completed in 720 C.E. that includes a section on Japanese mythology, including a genealogy of the Japanese kami. The text contains important legends about the origin of Japan and its religious culture, such as the creation of kami.
Shinto Directive of 1945
Prohibited all state support for and patronage of Shinto and directed that all Shinto influence be removed from the public schools. Intended to relieve the Japanese people from any compulsion to believe in or practice state sponsored religions, to relieve them of having to financially support state religions, and assist them in realizing the ideals of democracy. It abolished all public education institutions engaged in the study of Shinto. Shugendô
Muen botoke
a spirit of a deceased person who has no living descendants to take care of him or her.
Russo-Japanese War
A conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over Manchuria and Korea.
Religions Corporations Law, also Religious Judicial Persons Law (Shûkyô Hôjin Hô)
promulgated in April 1951. Designed to allow religious organizations to acquire legal status by specifying the details of incorporation. Also granted religious organizations a tax-exempt status.
General Education Curriculum
oni wa soto. fuku wa uchi.
a phrase that means "ghost demons outside, good fortune inside." is said while throwing the beans out
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