Animal Farm Study Guide Flashcards

Terms Definitions
diligent
careful
morose
melancholy
malignant
cancerous
obstinate
stubborn
Snowball
Trotsky
Napoleon
Joseph Stalin
sordid
wretched; foul
Moses
Rasputin, a monk
tumult
a great commotion
Old Major
Karl Marx
The Cat
sneaky, insincere, oppurtunist
articulate
able to speak well
the dogs
Russian military police
Jones
Czar/Tsar Nicholas the II
Boxer and other animals
proletariats
Benjamin
Pessimistic donkey. Unchanged through the whole book, except for when Boxer is taken away. Is probably the smartest of the animals and understands what the pigs are up to and what they are really doing on the farm, though he does not do anything about it.
the windmill
Stalin's Five Year Plan
Mr. Frederick
Subject: Moreover, terrible stories were leaking out from Pinchfield about the cruelties that Frederick practised upon his animals. He had flogged an old horse to death, he starved his cows, he had killed a dog by throwing it into the furnace, he amused himself in the evenings by making cocks fight with splinters
of razor−blade tied to their spurs
alligory
a story that symbolizes another event
Squealer's propaganda
Squealer uses propaganda to confuse the other/dumber animals into agreeing with what the pigs decide on
Squealer
Pravda -- propaganda minister -- the media
Clover
Speaker: "My sight is failing me. . .Even when I was young I could not have read what was written there. But it appears to me that the wall looks different. Are the seven commandments the same as they were before, Benjamin?"
fable
a short moral story (often with animal characters)
Flag
Green with a horn and a hoof. Changed to just a green flag at the end of the book.
Windmill plan and fate
Snowball plans to build a windmill, but after he is chased out of the farm Napoleon takes over the plans. He orders the animals to build the windmill, which is then destroyed in a storm. The windmill is rebuilt again and is then destroyed by Frederick and his men. The animals rebuild the windmill one more time and then build another one along with it.
Animal Farm flag-green w/ horn and hoof
Russian Revolution flag-hammer and sickle
impending
approaching
enmity
hostility
posthumously
after death
Mr. Jones
The Czar
maxim
a wise saying
repose
to lie in rest
Farmer Jones
Czar Nicholas II
ratify
to give formal approval to
Mollie characterization
Materialistic and self-centered. Lazy and selfish. Likes the humans, because they give her luxury and does not like life after the rebellion, because it takes these luxuries away.
Beasts of England
Unites the animals; national anthem
Benjamin's fate
Benjamin stays unchanged until Boxer is taken away, but after he settles back into being unchanged
hyperbole
a literary device that denotes an extreme exaggeration
Key Quotes
1) Old Major warns, "Your resolution must never falter. No argument must lead you astray. Never listen when they tell you that Man and the animals have a common interest....we must not come to resemble him...No animal must ever live in a house or sleep in a bed, or wear clothes, or drink alcohol, or smoke tobacco, or touch money, or engage in trade."
2) Orwell narrates, "Nobody stole, nobody grumbled over his rations, the quarreling and biting and jealousy which had been normal features of life in the old days had almost disappeared."
3) Squealer consoles the animals, saying, "Do not imagine, comrades, that leadership is a pleasure. On the contrary, it is a deep and heavy responsibility. No one believes more firmly than Comrade Napoleon that all animals are equal. He would be only too happy to let you make your decisions for yourselves. But sometimes you might make the wrong decisions, comrades, and then where should we be?" The classic hypocrisy seen here is too hard to miss.
4) Orwell explains, "Once again the animals were conscious of a vague uneasiness. Never to have any dealings with human beings, never to engage in trade, never to make use of money- had not these been among the earliest resolutions passed at the first triumphant Meeting when Jones was expelled?"
5) As Napoleon was deceiving the neighboring farmers he was also tricking his own animals. The scapegoat was again Snowball. "Whenever anything went wrong it became usual to attribute it to Snowball." In fact many of the claims begin to sound ridiculous to the objective mind. Of course, Squealer's mission is to keep everything subjective in the minds of the animals.
6) So Napoleon, with the help of his dogs, slaughters anyone who is said to be disloyal. "...the tale of confessions and executions went on, until there was a pile of corpses lying before Napoleon's feet and the air was heavy with the smell of blood, which had been unknown there since the expulsion of Jones." To top it off, Napoleon outlaws Beasts of England, which had served as one of the only remaining ties between Animal Farm and old Major.
7) But when Muriel reads the writing on the barn wall to Clover, interestingly, the words are, "No animal shall kill any other animal without cause."
8) But to justify this little episode, arrangements to amend the rules are made. "No animal shall drink alcohol to excess."
9) Orwell states, "Somehow it seemed as though the farm had grown richer without making the animals themselves any richer- except, of course, for the pigs and the dogs."
10) The 7 Commandments are abridged for the last time, simply reading, "All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others."
Boxer and Snowball
these two animals were awarded the Animal Her, First Class after the Battle of the Cowshed
What is Orwell satirizing in Animal Farm?
Orwell is satirizing...
definition of a fairytale
a children's story about magical and imaginary beings and lands
Rebellion and anniversary
Gun is fired on both days as well as the raising of the flag and the singing of "Beasts of England"
innovation
novelty
eminent/preeminent
outstanding
countenance
facial expression
Dogs
Stalin's/Napoleon's police
Boxer
hardworking, unintelligent workhorse
ignominious
marked with disgrace/shame
Mollie
The comfort loving Bourgeoisie
incite
to cause to riot
the sheep
masses at large
indefatigable
incapable of being tired out
totalitarian government
government that is centralized and dictorial
static characters
a character who remains essentially the same throughout the story
Commandment changes
"No animal shall kill another animal" is changed to "No animal shall kill another animal without reason"
"No animal shall sleep in beds" is changed to "No animal shall sleep in beds with sheets"
"No animal shall drink alcohol" is changed to "No animal shall drink alcohol in excess"
personification
a literary device in which the author speaks of or describes an animal, object, or idea as if it were a person.
Plot of Animal Farm
Chapter I
As Animal Farm opens, Mr. Jones, the owner of Manor Farm, is drunkenly heading to bed. The animals gather in the barn as Old Major, the prize boar, tells them that he has thought about the brutal lives that the farm animals lead under human bondage and is convinced that a rebellion must come soon, in which the animals throw off the tyranny of their human oppressors and come to live in perfect freedom and equality. Major teaches the animals "Beasts of England," a song which will become their revolutionary anthem.
Chapter II
A few days later, Major dies. The animals, under the leadership of the pigs, begin to prepare for the Rebellion. Two of the pigs, Snowball and Napoleon, elaborate Major's ideas into a complete system of thought known as Animalism. The Rebellion comes much sooner than anyone thought, and the animals break free of Jones's tyranny and drive the humans from the farm. Snowball and Napoleon paint over the name "Manor Farm" on the gate, replacing it with "Animal Farm ." They also paint the basic principles of Animalism on the wall of the barn:
THE SEVEN COMMANDMENTS
1. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
2. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
3. No animal shall wear clothes.
4. No animal shall sleep in a bed.
5. No animal shall drink alcohol.
6. No animal shall kill any other animal.
7. All animals are equal.
Chapter III
The farm passes through an idyllic time in which the animals work joyously together and make a great success of the harvest. The animals all attend weekly planning meetings at which the decisions for the future of the farm are made. After realizing that some of the other animals cannot read or remember the Seven Commandments, Snowball boils these commandments down to a single maxim: "Four legs good, two legs bad." But all of the milk and apples on the farm, it seems, are now to be reserved for the pigs alone.
Chapter IV
News of the Rebellion at Animal Farm begins to spread, and animals across the countryside are singing "Beasts of England." The neighboring farmers, led by Mr. Pilkington of Foxwood and Mr. Frederick of Pinchfield Farm, attempt to retake Animal Farm by force. The animals, led by Snowball, successfully fight off the invaders in what comes to be known as the Battle of the Cowshed. Snowball is decorated as an Animal Hero, First Class.
Chapter V
Snowball and Napoleon fight a number of battles over policy, culminating in the controversy over a windmill which Snowball has designed and thinks should be built on the farm. Napoleon argues that the animals need to concentrate on food production. As the debate reaches fever pitch, Napoleon calls in nine dogs which he raised to be loyal only to him. The dogs chase Snowball from the farm. Napoleon declares an end to the planning meetings Squealer, another pig who serves as Napoleon's functionary, convinces the other animals that Snowball was a criminal. A few days later, Napoleon declares that the windmill will be built after all, and Squealer explains that the idea had belonged to Napoleon from the beginning, but that Snowball had stolen the plans.
Chapter VI
The animals' workload is repeatedly increased throughout the following year as construction begins on the windmill. Napoleon announces that the farm will begin trading with the neighboring farms, which seems to violate one of the early resolutions passed by the animals, but Squealer convinces them otherwise. The pigs, moreover, have moved into the farmhouse, and it is rumored that they are sleeping in the beds. The animals check the barn wall, vaguely remembering an injunction against this—but the commandment says that "No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets." When the windmill is knocked down during a storm, Napoleon blames its destruction on Snowball and pronounces a death sentence on this traitor. The animals begin the laborious process of rebuilding.
Chapter VII
Rumors begin to fly that Snowball is sneaking into the farm at night, causing small bits of mischief. Moreover, it is asserted that certain of the animals on the farm are in league with Snowball. Napoleon orders a full investigation. A meeting is held in which the animals are invited to confess their connections with Snowball. All the animals that do confess are promptly ripped to pieces by Napoleon's dogs. The others are shocked at such bloodshed and try to comfort themselves by singing "Beasts of England," only to be told that the song has now been abolished.
Chapter VIII
In the days after the purges, the animals seem to recall a commandment prohibiting the killing of animals, but when they check the barn wall, they discover that it reads "No animal shall kill any other animal without cause." Napoleon bargains to sell Mr. Pilkington a pile of timber. The animals do not trust Pilkington, but they prefer him to Frederick, who, it is whispered, is torturing his animals; in fact, Napoleon declares Frederick to be an enemy of the farm. But several days later it is announced that he has sold the timber to Frederick, and now Pilkington is the enemy. Frederick fools Napoleon by giving him forged banknotes for the timber, and, with a group of men, attacks Animal Farm and destroys the windmill. Squealer, however, informs the animals that the battle was a victory for the animals. Shortly after, the pigs discover a case of whiskey in the basement of the farmhouse, and a raucous celebration is heard throughout the night. The next day, it is announced that Napoleon is near death. When he recovers, the animals discover that the commandment which they thought said that no animal should drink alcohol in fact reads "No animal shall drink alcohol to excess."
Chapter IX
That winter, rations are repeatedly reduced on the farm, for everyone but the pigs. The animals are kept content, however, through an ever-increasing number of formal ceremonies. An old carthorse, Boxer, who has worked tirelessly for Animal Farm, suddenly takes ill. Napoleon announces that arrangements have been made to treat Boxer in a hospital in town. However, the truck that arrives to take Boxer away belongs to a horse slaughterer, and the animals erupt in a great outcry. They are pacified by Squealer, who tells them that, in fact, the truck has been purchased by the veterinarian but has not been repainted.
Chapter X
The years pass, and the animals lead harder and harder lives, though at least no animal is lorded over by a human. Then, one day, Napoleon emerges from the house on two legs. The sheep's traditional chant of "Four legs good, two legs bad" has now, somehow, been changed to "Four legs good, two legs better." And the Seven Commandments have now all been erased from the barn wall and replaced with a single Commandment: "All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others." The pigs begin reading newspapers, wearing clothes, and carrying whips in the fields. They call for a meeting between themselves and the human owners of the surrounding farms, at which Napoleon announces that the name of Animal Farm has been changed back to Manor Farm. The other animals peek in the windows of the farmhouse as this meeting progresses and are stunned to discover that they cannot tell the difference between the men and the pigs at all.
Minimus and his creations
Minimus is a pig who write poems and songs. Write the song about Napoleon "Comrade Napoleon" that replaces "Beasts of England".
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