animals plants Flashcards

Terms Definitions
astute
smart
oso
bear
argent-
silver
petr-
rock
vermin-
worm
conejo
rabbit
plants
no lysosomes
la tierra
land
corteza
bark, peel
el oso
bear
el tallo
stem
Petals
attracts pollinators
Megastrobilus
Female gametophyte
to creep
to crawl
une vache
a cow
la pata
paw, foot
ge-
the earth; land
self-fertilization (n)
= Selbstbefruchtung
ingenious
very smart and creative
Redwwod tree
1200 years old
External Fertilization
happens outside mother
Amphibians
caecilians, anurans & salamanders
circalunar
monthly activity period 29 days
Cephalopod
marine mollusk characterized by well-developed head and eyes and sucker-bearing tentacles
Red Rose
Given to loved ones.
aboretum
a park for viewing trees
calcium
a soft, silver-white substance; calcium is found in rocks, shells, and milk. The body uses calcium to build strong bones and teeth.
endogenous rhythm
rhythm controlled by internal biological clock
Cnidarions
aquatic, ex hydro, jellyfish, and coral, can be vase shaped or bell shaped, radial symetric, one body opening used as mouth and butt, 2 layer body, has tissues. has nerve cells, respond to stimuli, all diffirenteated, have tenticals, produce larva that grow asexually
nucleous
the control center of a cell.
What is an animal?
Multicellular eukaryotes, Heterotrophs, and Cells that lack cell walls
Cotyledons
first embryonic leaves of the seedling
colossal (adj)

(ko'lossel)
extremely large

e.g. a colossal statue

e.g. the singer earns a colossal amount of money
pollen
tiny particles produced by seed plants that contain the cells that later become sperm cells
Opossum
playing dead this animal plays dead when it sees its predator
Hermaphroditic
Possessing both the male and female reproductive organs
stems
carry water and nutrients to plant parts
pollution
Anything harmful added to the land, air or water
Eudicots
two cotyledon - majority of familiar seed plants
chlorophyll
the substance that gives plants their green color; it helps a plant use energy from the sun
solely (adj)

('souli)
only; not involving sb/sth else

e.g. She was motivated solely by self-interest
e.g. Selection is based solely on merit
photoperiod
the response in animals and plants to the length of the day and night
Stigma
the apical end of the style where deposited pollen enters the pistil
cultivate
to prepare land for growing crops by plowing and fertilizing
symmetry
indentical body parts on each side of an organism
respiration
the process by which cells break down simple food molecules to release the energy they contain
Arthropods
most diverse group of animals - have exoskeltons
dormant
in an inactive state; alive, but not moving, growing, or feeding
repel (v)

(ri'pel)
1) (formal) to successfully fight sb who is attacking you, your country, etc. and drive them away
e.g. to repel an attack / invasion / invader
e.g. Troops repelled an attempt to infiltrate the south of the island
= abwehren

2) to drive, push or keep sth away
e.g. a cream that repels insects

3) (not used in the progressive tenses) to make sb feel horror or disgust
SYN = to disgust
e.g. I was repelled by the smell
= abschrecken

4) (technical) if one thing repels another, or if two things repel each other, an electrical or magnetic force pushes them apart
e.g. Like poles repel each other
OPP = to attract
= abstossen
cell wall
A thick layer that surrounds the plant cell. The part of the plant that gives the cell its shape.
Lateral meristem
A meristem that thickens the roots and shoots of woody plants. The vascular cambium and cork cambium are lateral meristems.
camouflage
When a living thing can blend into the environment
Metamorphosis
A dramatic change in form eg from a caterpillar to a butterfly.
radius
the bone of the human forearm that is on the side of the thumb
inflict (v)

(in'flikt)
inflict sth (on / upon sb/sth)
to make sb/sth suffer sth unpleasant
e.g. They inflicted a humiliating defeat on the home team
e.g. They surveyed the damage inflicted by the storm
e.g. Heavy casualties were inflicted on the enemy
= zufügen
multicellular organisms much like green algae
first plants probably evolved from what organism
feast (v)

('fiist)
feast (on sth) to eat a large amount of food, with great enjoyment

= schlemmen
talon
the claw of a bird of prey such as a hawk or an egle.
tentacle (n)

('tentekl)
1) a long thin part of the body of some creatures, such as an octopus, used for feeling or holding things, for moving or for getting food
e.g. (figurative) Tentacles of fear closed around her body
= Fühler
= Fangarm

2) tentacles [pl.] (usually disapproving) the influence that a large place, organization or system has and that is hard to avoid
e.g. The tentacles of satellite television are spreading even wider
What is the phloem in seedless vascular plants and gymnosperms used for?
the transport of water and minerals
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