Kingdom Protista Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Eyespot
Stigma
sacarodine=
Ameboa
Plant-like protists
Algae
animalike groups
cilliates,zooflagellates,sporozoans,sarcodines
Aquatic decomposer
Water mold
zooflagellates
move with flagella
Response to stimuli
Taxes/ taxis
The red algae
Phylum Rhodophyta
Spirogyra
unbranched, filamentous green alga
often grow epiphytically (on but not taking nutrients from)
found in green masses on the surfaces of bonds & streams
during sexual reproduction, undergoes conjugation, a temporary union in which the cells exchange genetic information
The carrier of a disease
Vector
To move via pseudopodia
Amoeboid movement
The shell of a diatom
Test
plantlike protists
most capable of movement,unicellular,autotrophs,most move with flagellum
Plant Like: Algae
-Autotrpohic, (preform photosynthesis)
-unicellular/ multicellular
-Most float
-Pigmented
-Further classified into 6 phyla based on color.
Algae: Phylum Euglenophyten
"Euglena"
-Flagella
-Red eye spot
An unusual over-growth of algae
Algal bloom
Poisonous occurance caused by algal bloom of dinoflagellates
Red-tide
“Cell eating”; when a small particle or cell is engulfed by a larger cell
Phagocytosis
Kingdom of eukaryotic organisms that are “like” other kingdoms but don’t really fit with them
Protist
elugnas
come in variety of shapes,use flagellum,have eyespot that is sensitve to light
PROTIST
vary in size
most are unicellular
high level of complexity
acquire nutrients in a number of ways
asexual reproduction is the norm
great medical (b/c several cause diseases) & ecological importance
complexity & diversity make classification difficult
have been grouped according to modes of nutrition
"The Protists"
-The misfits, very diverse group.
-Eukaryotic Organisms.
-Are all aquatic.
Protozoa that are carried, always parasitic
Phylum Sporozoa
A sarcodine with a calcium carbonate shell
Foraminifer
A structure, similar to a seed, that allows many protists to become dormant and protected during times of environmental stress
Cyst
The diatoms; this group produces much of the oxygen in our atmosphere
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Used to hold some algae to their substrate
Holdfast
Protozons: Phylum Zoomastigina(Zoomastighra)
"flagellates"
-Move by flagella
(quick movement in one direction.)
 
Disease-Causing flagellutes
    1. Giardia- caused by Giardia lastin "Bever Fever"
    2. African Sleeping Sickness
- caused by Tripansones(sp)
-transmitted by the tutsi fly.
Powdery soil that is made of diatom shells
Diatomaceous earth
cillia=
paramecium
False feet
Pseudopodia
Plant fungus
Blight
Fungus-like protists
Protomycota
animalike protist=
protozoa
Able to move
Motile
sacarodine creastes
food vacuole
Plasmodial slime molds
Phylum Myxomycota
contractille vacuolle
lets out water
Male and female haploid cells
Heterogametes
Blood and pus and diarrhea
Dysentery
This stretchable “container” regulates water and fluid levels inside a ciliate
Contractile vacuole
Amorphous gathering of loosely connected cells
Plasmodial
Chlamydomonas
minute, actively moving green alga
inhabits freshwaterpools
definite cell wall
most often produce asexually
occasionaly produce sexually when growth conditions are unfavorable
 bright red eyespot exist on the chloroplast which helps bring the organism to light
Algae: Phylum Pyrophyta
"Fire Algae"
Ex: Dinoflagellates
*Biouminesent (many are).
-Disease Causing= Red Tide.
A seed-like structure made by fungi
Spore
Tiny Chlorophyta with two flagella
Chlamydomonas sp.
Protozoa that move with pseudopods
Phylum Sarcodina
The vector for sleeping sickness
Tsetse fly
where do zooflagelates live
in other organisms
GREEN ALGAE
inhabit a variety of environments
occur in an abundant variety of forms
majority of unicellular; however, filamentous & colonial forms exist
chlorophyll a & b are found
Algae: Phylum Rhodophyta
"Red algae"
-Large sea weeds
Describes a group of organisms that live together as a unit but can live independently
Colonial
Reproduction from broken pieces of an algae
Fragmentation
This small opening releases wastes from a ciliate
Anal pore
sporozoans
 parasites, feed on cells and body fluid of host
Slipper shaped ciliate that has an oral groove, macro and micro nuclei and large contractile vacuoles
Paramecium sp.
Giant ciliate that looks like a trumpet
Stentor sp.
paramecium fedding
sweep food into orla groove using cillia, gose into gullet, vacuoles form to digest
Protozons: Phylum Ciliophora
"Ciliates"
-Move by Cilia (quickly in many directions.)
Ex: Parmicium, colpidium, Stentor.
A disease that is carried by the tsetse fly
Sleeping sickness
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Term:
Definition:
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