l'immigration Flashcards

Immigration to the United States
Terms Definitions
Algérien
Algerian
dangerous
peligroso
vindicate
rettferdiggjøre
rêver
dream
famine
Hungersnot
l'afflux
influx
competencia
competition
accueillant(e)
welcoming
harmony
selaras
emigrar
(to) emigrate
La ley
law
un navet
turnip
Displaced person
...
Los raíces
roots
le racisme
racism
le visa
visa
injurier
to insult
la xénophobie
xenophobia
El Huérfano
Orphan
Le passeport
Passport
la lucha
fight
el requisito
requirement
el mexicano
mexican
trabalhador convidado
guest worker
une frontière
a border
échapper (à)
escape from
Réprimer
To suppress/ repress
les sans-papiers
illegal immigrants
les allocations
state benefit
le sans-papiers
illegal immigrant
EXTREME HARDSHIP
ADVERSIDAD EXTREMA
to establish oneself, settle
establecerse
la douanière
customs officer (female)
la tarjeta verde
green card
une langue maternelle
native language
stammen aus
to originate from
Q-1
Cultural Exchange Program Visitor
l'immigration clandestine (f)
illegal immigration
New Immigrants
-post 1880
-S/E Europe
-Greece, Italy, Russia, etc.
La agente de immigración
immigrantion officer
l'extrême droite
far right political party
jane adams
she invented hull house
pluralism
Noun
When numerous distinct ethnic, religous, or cultural groups are present and tolerated within a society.
Nativist
A person hostile to immigrants
innovation
something new or different introduced:
el choque de culturas
clash of cultures
INA §334
Concerns the application for naturalization and the declaration of intention. May file anytime w/in 3m of time residency would be met
Hull House
Settlement house founded by progressive reformer Jane Adams in Chicago in 1889
Persecution
treating people badly, especially for religious, racial, or political reasons
Promontory
a natural elevation (especially a rocky one that juts out into the sea)
Immigrant
someone who comes into a country
Pluralitic Society
Many ethnic and religious groups.
Political Machine
-an unofficial city organization designed to keep a particular party or group in power
- headed by a political boss
stereotypes
conforming to a fixed general pattern
communism
a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
Dumbbell Tenement
1879: efficent apartments with a particular shape that made living conditions crowded and unsanitary.
assimilation
the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
Fongs
Social centers that ran clubs and provided jobs, housing, and other opportunities
discrimination
treating people in a different way because of prejudice
Push Factors
Factors which included religious and political persecution.
Exodusters
African Americans who moved from post reconstruction South to Kansas.
steerage
the crowded underdecks area of an immigrant ship
dolor
sensacion aflictiva de una parte del cuerpo
building codes
set standards for construction and safety of new building to make them safe
acculturation
adapting to american ways but keeping your old culture
enclave
any small, distinct area or group enclosed or isolated within a larger one:
to become a french national
obtenir la nationalité française
Citizen
A native or naturalized member of a state or other political community
Derivative Citizenship
Means by which most children are naturalized. They are naturalized at the same time as there parent. There is no residency requirement, but the child must live with that parent
Great Migration
Movement between 1915 - 1940 of millions of African Americans to the north in search of work and fair treatment.
mosaic society
the product of different cultures that keep their own identities while contributing to the culture of the whole nation
to be desperate for sth.
dringend suchen nach etw.
Chinese Exclusion Act
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.
Push Factor
A reason to leave a country (Oppressive governments, famine, no jobs, war)
Piecework
work paid by the number of objects made
Sherman Anti-trust act
Banned all actions that restrained trade. created to stop monopolies
Angel Island
An arrival point of Immigrants coming into the US located in California, The immigration station on the west coast where Asian immigrants, mostly Chinese gained admission to the U.S. at San Francisco Bay. Between 1910 and 1940 50k Chinese immigrants entered through Angel Island. Questioning and conditions at Angel Island were much harsher than Ellis Island in New York.
Lowell Mills
a place where mostly girl immigrants worked
Immigration
to move from one country to another with the intension of staying
congressional
of or pertaining to the Congress of the U.S.:
Fertility Rate
The number of babies women are having in their reproductive years.
Schuck & Smith Consent argument
Excludes birthright citizenship for children of unauthorized aliens: Want to maintain Ark, but we can find in 14th Am. a little bit more exclusion than we've found before, because at the time of Kim Wong Ark, there was no such thing as illegal alien. More like ambassador babies. Argues for a consensual model, i.e. Society hasn't consented to the parents' membership, therefore neither to the children's membership, rather than an ascription model, which would objectively assign political membership based on birth.
Naturalized Citizen
One, who is born an alien, has lawfully become a citizen of the U.S. under the constitution and laws. Has all the rights of a natural-born citizen except that of being eligible to become president or vice-president of the U.S.
ZONING LAWS
separated parts of a city for specific reasons
Ethnic Enclave
a small area occupies by a distinctive minority culture
Chinese Exculsion Act
Banned entry to all Chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and gov't officials 1882
Ellis Island
The gateway to America for millions of immigrants, particularly from 1890's-1950's
Homestead Act
1862 - provided free land in the west as long as the person would settle there and make improvements in five years
why did cities grow?
more convenent, more people came to U.S.A.
Politicians see anti immigration as a vote loser
Argument Politically for Immigration
Split Labor Market
to be split, a labor market must contain at least two groups of workers whose price of labor differs for the same work, or would differ if they did the same work. Conflict develops between three key classes: business, higher paid labor, and cheaper labor. The employers want to have as cheap and docile a labor forces as possible. The higher paid labor fears the introduction of cheaper labor (cheaper because of differing resources and motives), as it may reduce their wages. The cheaper labor is used to undermine the position of the more expensive labor through strikebreaking and undercutting. Higher paid labor groups resist being undercut through exclusion and caste systems. Often labor markets are split along ethnic lines, thus causing ethnic antagonism to arise.
what did curley do as mayor
built housing, hospitals, schools, and recreational facilities in poor neighborhoods
Name one war fought by the
United States in the 1800s.
War of 1812
Civil War
What did people bring with them?
Suitcases and trunks, most brought bundles tied together with string. They brought things that were precious to them in all types of containers. People sometimes wore all their clothing in layers so they wouldn't have to pack them.
U.S. citizenship requirements
1. Live in the U.S. for five years and if married o U.S. citizen- only three years
2. Good moral character (no felonies)
3. Sound mind (judgment call)
4. Speak and understand English
Ich finde Schutz in einem anderen Land
I find refuge in another country
kill the indian and save the man
the saying to take his culture, background, and everything about his Native American culture and get rid of it, replace it with what is American
se sentir bien dans sa peau
to feel good about oneself , to be happy with oneself
Algérie
Algeria
preferably
fortrinnsvis
rejaillet
reflects
alienate
entfremden
l'immigré
immigrant
amnistia
amnesty
cumplir
compliance
Intelligence
Intelijen
attraction
a atração
La amenaza
threat
les immigrés
immigrants
la douane
customs
Un delito
crime
le logement
housing
descendant
el/la descendiente
une émeute
riot
Patrullar
To Patrol
mistrust
la méfiance
enriquecer
to enrich
la penalidad
penalty
el peruano
peruvian
migrantes econômicos
economic migrant
el bracero
day laborer
travail ingrat
unrewarding job
Un sans-papier
Illegal immigrant
outlandish
bizarre, peu habituel
combler
to fill in
El occidente
Western, west
LODGED CHARGE
CARGO ADICIONAL
to try, to treat
tratar
to crystallise/ to concentrate
cristalliser
limitar con
to border with
le patrimoine culturel
culteral heritage
para las redadas
for remittance
le travail au noir
moonlighting
le pays d'accueil
host country
reuniting a family
le regroupement familial
Castle Garden
A temporary immigration station
Tenements
poorly built, overcrowded housing where many immigrants lived
pull factors
family/friends, proximity, cultural connections, opposite of push factors, promise/freedom, hope for a new life
Social Darwinism
survival of the fittest
avoir des préjugés
to be prejudice
scrutiny
surveillance; close and continuous watching or guarding.
la Ley de Extranjería
Spanish immigration law
Enumerated Powers
a. Commerce Power
b. Naturalization Power
c. War Power
d. Migration & Importation Clause
e. Foreign Affairs Power
Gentlemen's Agreement
Unwritten rule which restricted Japanese immigrants and property rule in the U.S.
Nativism
Noun
The policy or practice of protesting against immigrants. Ex: "America for Americans!"
Jobs
Labor unions claimed that immigrants would take these from U.S. citizens.
Cultural Diversity
a wide variety of cultures
WITHHOLDING ONLY HEARING
AUDIENCIA DE RETENCION SOLAMENTE
World War I
(1914-1918) War sparked by assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. Causes were nationalism, and romanticism. Resulted in a humiliating German defeat and the establishment of communism in Russia; pitted France, Russia, and England against Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. United States entered the war in 1917, toward the end. By that time Russia had pulled out. The humiliating German defeat led to massive poverty and depression in Germany, allowing Hitler to come to power with the promise that Germany would be great again. This led directly to World War II. World War I is often referred to as the Great War or the "War to end all wars."
"Birds of Passage"
immigrants who arrived between 1820-1900 who evetually returned to their country of origin
naturalization
process of becoming sword into the country to become a citizen
tenement
an apartment building that is usually run-down and overcrowded
atlas
a bound collection of maps, which could include charts and tables
urbanization
expansion of cities and/or an increase in the number of people living in them
migrate
to move from one place to another
current immigration policy
favors those with financial security
Gentleman's Agreement
an informal agreement between the United States and the Empire of Japan whereby the U.S. would not impose restriction on Japanese immigration or students, and Japan would not allow further immigration to the U.S.
quota
a limit based on numbers and proportions
G-5
Attendant / Servant of G-1 to G-4
back home in europe immigrants were?
small farmers
detain
to keep under restraint or in custody.
to take unfair advantage of hospitality
abuser de l'hospitalité
INA §312
Requires skills and knowledge of an applicant for naturalization
1. Understanding of English, writing/reading/speaking (note, there are exceptions)
2. US History, principles/form of gov
Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show
reenacted famous frontier events
1870-1920
about 26 million ppl immigrated to the US
slums
The extremely poor areas of a city where people do not have proper facilities
Open Door Policy
US gov encouraged immigration with virtually no rules
illegal Alien
person who had entered a country illegally
U.S. Steel
Largest steel company. Ran by Andrew Carnegie
"Muckraker"
..., one who spreads real or alleged scandal about another (usually for political advantage)
Xenophobia
Fear of strangers or those from a foreign land
salad bowl
a metaphor for a society where immigrant groups retain their former cultures after moving into a new place
naturalize
to confer upon (an alien) the rights and privileges of a citizen.
The millions of immigrants who poured into the United Sates between 1885 and 1914 were primarily from _____ _ _____ Europe
southern and eastern
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
Law enforcement service that investigates immigration and customs violations, and enforces deportations and removals; part of DHS
United States of America
Where millions of immigrants traveled to in search for a better life.
to belong to an ethnic minority
einer ethnischen Minderheit angehören
"Melting Pot"
an environment in which many ideas and races are socially assimilated
The Gentlemen's Agreement
Promise by Japanese government to not issue passports to Japanese laborers
Literacy Tests
an examination to see if a person can read and write, used o m the past to restrict voting rights.
Great Chicago Fire
a fire in 1871 that killed hundreds, left thousands homeless, and destroyed a third of Chicago
how did transportation improve the cities ?
electric street cars, trolleys, passenger trains
Stanley Lieberson
author of A Piece of the Pie: Black and White Immigrants Since 1880, a book that argues that we should not compare the assimilation of southern and eastern European immigrants with the situation of blacks at the same time because blacks experienced greater discrimination, were lower in job queues, and were not able to exploit ethnic niches in the same way because migration never stopped.
what was tween convicted of
104 counts of fraud and other crimes
What are two rights in the
Declaration of Independence?
life
liberty
pursuit of happiness
Where is the Statue located?
On Liberty Island in New York City
Reasons immigrants were Pulled from their country
Free public schools, to get jobs, food, freedom, democracy, equality, very cheap to come to America, land, opportunity, spoke the language.
Portes and Manning (1986) "The Immigrant Enclave: Theory and Empirical Examples"
propose a typology of different modes of incorporation based on skill of the immigrant, whether the immigrant is entering an ethnic enclave or becoming a middleman minority, and size of co-ethnic group.
Why did the immigrants accept low paying jobs?
Because they needed the money and that was the only way to get it
insuffisant
insufficient
restrictions
limits
...
...
l'emploi
work
violation
Verletzung
polyglotte
multilingual
ethnique
ethnic
Austral
Southern
Pilot
Sperimentazione
la frontière
border
Los mojados
wetbacks
frapper
to hit
economic depression
nedgangstider
upheaval
bouleversement (m)
une droite
right
le lien
tie
le ghetto
ghetto
to entice
attirer
La Cerca
Fence
lucha
una batalla
la elegibilidad
elegibility
el emigrante
emigrant
le ressortissant
national immigrant
aspiration
Bestrebung, Hoffnung, Ehrgeiz
in order
en règle
de souche
by birth
to tighten
renforcer, resserrer
home country
la patria
seguridad social
social security
il/ la razzista
racist
une cité
a housing estate
Le (la) sans-abri
Le S.D.F.
to admit so.
jdn. hereinlassen
reception centre
le centre d'accueil
Indigenous
Native to an area
las huellas digitales
finger prints
BOND RE-DETERMINATION
RE-DETERMINACION DE FIANZA
une langue etrangere
a foreign language
De nos jours
à notre epoque
obtener la ciudadanía
to obtain citizenship
deny a motion
denegar el pedimento
skilled laborer
worker with a trade
Pogroms
organized attacks against Jewish villages. These attacks were supported by the czar in Russia, and were a major push factor for Jews
la vague d'immigrants
a wave of immigrants
El modo de ser
way of life/being
El derecho
the right to do something
mass transit
public transportation systems that carry large numbers through the use of machinery and assembly lines
discretionary relief
recurso discrecional, amparo legal discrecional
wegen religiöser Unterdrückung
because of religious persecution
diversity
difference, variety; a condition of having many different types of forms
le 'pied-noir'
French colonial born in Algeria
Immigrants stopped at Ellis Island beginning in the year __________.
1892
william randolph
owner of new york morning journal
refugee
person who flees there homeland to gain safety some where else
Alien
belonging to a foreign country or nation.
Subsidy
Payment by the Government to encourage development of certain industries
Number of illegal immigrants residents in the US in 2008
11.9 million
Emigration
leaving a country to settle into another
Sweatshop
place where workers labor long hours for low wages
societal implication
the effect something has on society
F1-2
Child of F1-1
(may accompan or follow to join F1-1)
Solutions For Illiteracy
required school intendants, more colleges, and women/ blacks go to school.
la faiblesse de leurs revenus
their low income
Horace Mann
In 1837, Massachusetts set up the first state board of education in the U.S. He was the head of that board.
"pull" factors
Factors that America has to offer: better life
Rogers v. Bellei
Stated that congress could make conditions subsequent for citizenship recognition because that isn't the same as removing citizenship as was restricted by Afroyim v. Rusk. (jus sanguinis). Regardless, Congress removed all conditions subsequent on children (not parents) in 1978.
Gentleman's Agreement (1907-8)
An informal agreement between the United States and the Empire of Japan whereby the U.S. would not impose restriction on Japanese immigration or students, and Japan would not allow further immigration to the U.S.
Ancestors
People in the past that you are related to
Homesteaders
Settlers who claimed land on the Great Plains under the Homestead Act.
One third
of immigrants fail to complete high school
Melting Pot
mix old traditions with new American traditions to create a new culture
"Great Migration"
Period of immigration to Canada from 1815 to 1850.
beacon
a person or thing that illuminates or inspires:
INA §§ 302-307
Concern citizenship of those in Puerto Rico, Canal Zone, Republic of Panama, Alaska, Hawaii, Virgin Islands, & Guam
push-pull theory
push reasons why people to leave their country
pull reasons why people wanted to come to a new land
Migration
the moving of people from one place to another over time
Un manque de logement social
A lack of social housing
Homestead Act (1862)
This Act granted 160 acres of public land to settlers after 5 years of residence.
D-1 Crewman (can't change)
29 Days / No Extensions
P.P. / N.I.V. / Form I-95 (crewman landing permit)
What does the judicial
branch do?
reviews laws
explains laws
resolves disputes
(disagreements)
decides if a law goes against the Constitution
Great Chicago Fire (1871)
a fire in 1871 that killed hundreds, left thousands homeless, and destroyed a third of Chicago
The boat ride to the United States was
not healthy and very crowded
what was the Black Star Line
a steamship company that marcus garvey founded
Kill the Indian and save the man.
the saying to take his culture, background, and everything about his Native American culture and get rid of it, replace it with what is American
die Zahl der Einwanderer möglichst gering halten
the number of immigrants is kept to a minimum
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