lab Flashcards

Terms Definitions

Late Anaphase
Phylum NematodaAmerican hookwormNecator americanus
Female wet mount
Microscopic, thin-walled, blind-ending sacs that are covered with capillariesExchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place between the blood and the atmosphere
Kingdom monera, prokaryotic, unicellular organisms
[shoot, leaves]
arrangement of veins
eudicots - netlike
monocots - parallel
1 piece of DNA
homozygous recessive
top of stamen
contains pollen grains
The delicate connective tissue enveloping individual nerve fibers within a peripheral nerve.
dark brown, multilobed; produces bile
anatomy topics
gross or macroscopic anatomy
regional anatomy
systemic anatomy
surface anatomy
microscopic anatomy cytology hystology
developmental anatomy
Bacteria are in the kingdom _____
elevates scapula and rotates ti superiorally
renal artery
muscular vessel that carries OXYGENATED, UNFILTERED blood to the kidney
respiratory pigment dissolved in blood cells
membranes on and in which the photsynthetic pigments are found.
The third tunic of the eyeContains microscopic rods and cones
renal physiology
concerns kidney function and urine production
A/P rib compression
provocation test for rib fracture/subluxation
pt: seated/standing
therapist: standing on one side of pt to be test with one hand on anterior half of thorax and other hand on post. aspect of ipsilateral side of thorax
when benedict's was added to a monosaccharide, what color indicated the absence of a monosaccharide?
triceps brachii- lateral head
extends arm and forearm
tough, fibrous sheath that covers and protects the kidney
What does the motility Medium testing for?
Diastolic BP+ (1/3)(pulse pressure)
Mean blood pressure formula:
Normal value: 
active transport
used when some substances are too large to pass through the cell membrane (macromolecules); a folding/merging of membranes to take in or remove substances
somatic cell that contains all of its chromosome pairs, each chromosome is represented by 2 copies
your patient complains of pain in the lower right quadrant. what may be his condition
an embryo at the stage of development in which it consists of usually one layer of cells around a central cavity, forming a hollow sphere
The beating of the flagella in the central cavity pulls water from environment through the porocytes.
Reflex Arc
The route followed by nerve impulses to produce a reflex act, from the periphery through the afferent nerve to the nervous system, and thence through the efferent nerve to the effector organ.
measures the amount of water that is being pulled up a stem
(a rubber tube is connected to a shoot and a water filled burette
aka Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes
1. Neutrophils
2. Eosinophils
3. Basophils 
3 types of Granulocytes (aka __________)
What is CLass Gastropoda
Under Phylum Mollusca. Snails, single shell. They have a rasping band of teeth called radula. Spiral growth (like the spiral on a snail shell)
positive feedback mechinisms
the result of the response enhances the stimulus so that the response is accelerated
Phylum Arthropoda Subphylum Crustacea
Class Malacostra
Crayfish dissection
Name the test/procedure: A magnetic field creates images of soft tissue.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Cauda Equina
structure within the lower end of the spinal column, that consists of nerve roots and rootlets from above.
1. Decrease in # of erythrocytes
2. Decreased Hb in each cell
3. Decreased size in each cell
4. Hemmorhaging
5. Aplastic bone marrow
6. Erythrocyte fragility
7. Maturation fragility 
7 causes of anemia:
What is Phylum Cordata
dorsal hollow nerve cord, a notocord and pharyngeal slits
A magnifying lense with 10 x power and part of the eyepiece
ocular lens
What type of fungi is in the Division Deuteromycota?
Imperfect fungi
15 g
___ g of hemoglobin are in 100 ml of blood
What characteristics are specific to the clade, Diplimonads?
Two haploid nuclei and mitchondria called mitosomes.
dwarf VS normal
IIA and gibberellins
The application of giberellins on dwarf plants promotes stem elongation so that the dwarf plants are close in size to normal plants. (Normal plants are unaffected by gibberellins.) IAA does not affect dwarf plants. Dwarf plants sprayed with IAA will be the same size as the control dwarf plants.
What characteristics are specific to Foraminiforens?
Porous shells (tests) made of calcium carbonate
raw material for synthesis of steroids
Three functions of fats in animals: 1) energy storage, 2) insulation, 3) _______.
Besides shape, what is another way bacteria can be sorted?
according to how they react to a staining procedure called Gram stain.
What happens to the diploid nucleus in sexual reproduction of Ascomycota?
it goes through meiosis to create 4 haploid nuclei
hairlike organelles
Phylum Nematoda
Trichina wormTrichinella spiralis
Male wet mount slide
Ability to see shapes
embryo + stored nutrition
if oogonia (female reproductive structures) and antheridia (male reproductive structures) are produced on the same filament
Four Objectives
low magnification(4X), medium magnification(10X), high magnification(40X), oil immersion(100X)
what atom does blue represent?
Rodlike bundle of contractile filaments (myofilaments) found in muscle fibers (cells).
smooth muscle
*not striated*slow sustained contractions
Renal cortex
Contains the Bowman's capsule, glomerulus, proximal convoluted tubule, distal convoluted tubule
Where do Rhodophyta live?
warm coastal waters
Single-celled fungi with no mycelium. grow by spores.
latissimus dorsi
adducts and extends the arm
absorption of water, vitamins, and minerals/produces feces
action potential in motor nueron releases this nuerotransmitter
organism unable to make its own organic compounds.
Carries urine out of the urinary bladder to either the penis or the vagina
nervous system
responds to internal and external changes by activating appropiate muscles and glands
brain, spinal cord, nerves
the expression seen in the individual (what it looks like).

What is this organism/phylum/sub-phylum?
How does it feed?
Amphioxus--Phylum Chordata, Sub-Phylum Cephalochordata
Draws water in via siphon, fiters food particles out via the pharyngeal basket, then water exits thorough excurrent siphon.
pectoralis minor
adduct scapula and rotates it inferiorally
gall bladder
stores bile used for fat digestion
apical meristem
dividing cells root growth (primary growth)
Biuret reagent
Turns violet in presence of protein, pink in presence of short polypeptide chains
Used to detect breakdown of proteins
a tentative answer to a problem or question that is being asked
heterozygote advantage
mutation is present in a single copy
skeletal system
protects and supports body organs and provides a framework the muscles use to cause movement. blood cells are formed w/in the bones. bones store minerals
bone cartilage, joints and ligaments
What are macromolecules?
molecules composed of C,H,O,N,P,S that make up living things; Carbs, lipids, DNA/RNA, Proteins
What is the common name for Deutermycota
Imperfect fungi
Motor (Efferent) Neurons
Nerves that carry impulses leaving the brain and spinal cord, and destined for effectors.
sieve tube members
[shoot system, stem]
large cells that appear empty but that are actually traversed by continuous strands of cytoplasm that penetrate the pores of the sieve plates, the end walls. The sieve tube member has no nucleus.
1. Aortic area
2. Pulmonary area
3. Tricuspid area
4. Mitral area 
4 major auscultatory areas
What is class Crustacea
crayfish, crabs and shrimp. Five anterior parts are used. first and second antennae, mandibles, maxillae and maxillipeds. Most are used for feeding.
anatomical position
the body is erect w/ feet slightly apart
palms face forward n thumbs point away from body
amniotic cavity
the closed sac between the embryo and the amnion, containing the amniotic fluid.
Name the term: Elevated blood levels of this enzyme are found in muscular disorders.
serum creatine kinase
Pupillary Reflex
A reflex resulting in change in the diameter of the pupil of the eye.
14 microns
Bilobed nucleus
Coarse red-orange granules
Blue-purple nucleus 
Eosinophils make up _% of total WBC
____ microns diam.
______ nucleus
_____ cytoplasmic granules
_____ nucleus
What is class Crinoidea
sea lilies and feather stars: oral surface faces up, ossicles are well developed, branched and feathery arms
Microscope that shows dark objects in a brighter field
A brightfield compound microscope
Where do photosynthetic pigments occur in organisms falling under Kingdom Plantae?
in the organelles called plastids
(Total g Hb) x (1.34 ml O2/g Hb)
Total O2 carrying capacity=
Two things a running buffer does
It is a buffer and conductor
arrangement of primary vascular bundles in root of monocot, eudicot
monocot - arranged in a ring surrounding the pith
eudicot - radiates from center, star shaped xylem
How do Rhodophyta disperse their gametes?
water currents since they lack a flagella
1 mm2 to 1/25 mm3 to 1/16 of 1/25
Size of the counting area
What is a stereomicroscope used for?
It is used to see objects that cannot be fully seen under a compound microscope
If given piece of DNA from a bottle-nose dolphin is composed of 15% guaning, what are the percentages of the other bases?
A = 35%T = 35%G = 15%C = 15%
Inside cytoplasm
flow of cytoplasm
Preputial orifice
The urogenital opening
Dawn Redwoods
common around universities
[Rhizopus, bread mold]
root-like projections
act in anchorage and absorption of organic matter
magnification of the high-power objective
what atom does red represent?
Thin connective tissue surrounding each muscle cell.
gryi, sulci
ridges, valleys in brain
A component of the vascular tunicSurrounds the opening of the pupil
What group does the organism Trypanosoma belong?
____ stains stain the background instead of the bacteria.
vastus lateralis
extends lower leg, flexes thigh
removes old red blood cells, immunity
effect of stimulus strength on contraction
capturing the gaseous nitrogen in the atmosphere and making it available to plants via a symbiotic association with their roots.
Connects the renal pelvis to the urinary bladders
serous membranes
covers the internal organs (touches organs)
The total magnification obtained when the 4x (scanning) lens is in place is?
40 x

What is the phylum and class?
Know corona, mastax, trunk, foot
serves to receive food and release indigestible material.
muscular tube that propels food from mouth to stomach
The development rate of fruit fly depends on
small arteries that branch off of the aorta and run in between the ribs
IKI test
This test detects the presence of polysaccharides through color change due to reaction of the 3-dimensional structure of the polysaccharide with iodine atoms.
use of living things to solve problems or make useful items
lymphatic system
picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels and returns it to blood
red bone marrow
lymphatic vessels
thoracic duct
lymph nodes
Acid fast cells have a thin/thick lipid layer. Non-acid fast cells have a thin/thick lipid layer.
thick, thin
What two different types of Hepaticophyta are usually found?
Thallose and leafy
Achilles Reflex
A reflex bending of the foot resulting from contraction of the calf muscles when the Achilles tendon is sharply struck. Assesses frist tow sacral segments of the spinal cord.
cotyledons [embryo development]
one in monocots, two in dicots
leaflike structures involved with food storage and food digestion
Korotkow sounds
4 phases of sound changes heard during auscultation method
Biuret test
In this test, protein is exposed to copper ions in a basic (pH>7) solution. This test does not involve a redox reaction, but the formation of a complex between the copper ions and the 3D structure of the protein, (similar to the IKI test for starch). The copper ions line up w/the regular pattern of peptide bonds in the protein backbone to create a purple-colored complex. Darkness of purple color is proportional to the amount of protein in solution.
What characteristics are responsible for placing organisms in the Supergroup: Rhizaria
DNA Sequences and thread-like psuedopodia
Type of division with moderate amount of yolk
Complete cleavage, unequal
form many holes in the body of a sponge.
Sacral Plexus
A plexus formed by the fourth and fifth lumbar nerves and by the first, second, and third sacral nerves, lying on the posterior wall of the pelvis and supplying the lower limbs. Arises from L4 through S4. Contains common fibular nerve.
CO (ml/min) = heart rate (beats/min) x stroke volume (ml/beat)
Cardiac output formula:
C double bound to an O (C=O with -OH attached to the bottom);can only bond covalently to one more atom
A multitude of colors is seen in the field cuase by the prismlike effect of the lens as various wavelengths of white light pass through the focal point for each wavelength
chromatic aberration
What vascular characteristics do (Psilophyta) demonstrate?
lack true leaves or true roots
1. 33 steps
2. 30
3. 29
4. 25 
Norms for Tuttle Pulse-Ratio Test for:
1. Boys, 10-12yo
2. Boys, 13-18yo
3. Men
4. Women 
Complementary DNA Sequence
As with TTs with AGs with CCs with G
The appearance of a positive result for Casein production is?
Clear zone around the streak
In gram staining, the differential effect is determine by __________
biochemical structure of gram + and gram -
79 ml blood per kg body weight +/- 10%
Blood volume for human males
A _____ (watery) membrane lines a body cavity that does not open directly to the exterior.
Serous (it takes its job very seriously, it's not prone to running like mucus)
What does it mean in a petagree if it is a circle filled in 
Female and has the trait or disease 
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