LaFleur Medical Terminology Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Myopia
Nearsightedness
Conjunctiv/o
Conjunctiva
Retin/o
Retina
multip
multipara
micro-
small
NB
newborn
puerper/o
childbirth
-cyesis
pregnancy
quadr/i
four
EEG
electroencephalogram
EchoEG
electroencephalography
Corne/o, Kerat/o
Cornea
Dipl/o
Two, double
pseudocyesis
false pregnancy
-partum
childbirth, labor
cerebr/o
cerebrum, brain
poli/o
gray matter
-iatrist
specialist, physician
PD
Parkinson's disease
Cor/o, Core/o, Pupill/o
Pupil
embryoid
resembling an embryo
lactic
pertaining to milk
embryogenic
producing an embryo
ALS
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
TIA
transient ischemic attack
PTSD
posttraumatic stress disorder
Corneal
Pertaining to the cornea
Iritis
Inflammation of the iris
Scleromalacia
Softening of the sclera.
Ophthalmalgia
Pain in the eye.
Leukocoria
Condition of white pupil.
lactogenic
producing milk (by stimulation)
gestation period
duration of pregnancy
lochia
vaginal discharge after childbirth
neurorrhaphy
suture of a nerve
gangliitis
inflammation of the ganglion
ADHD
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
polyneuritis
inflammation of many nerves
coma
state of profound unconsciousness
dysphasia
condition of difficulty speaking
dementia
loss of cognitive abilities
Blepharoplasty
Surgical repair of the eyelid.
Dacryocystotomy
Incision into the tear sac.
Intraocular
Pertaining to within the eye
Miotic
Agent that constricts the pupil
EDD
expected (estimated) date of birth
puerperal
pertaining to (immediately after) childbirth
preeclampsia
abnormal condition encountered during pregnancy or shortly after delivery characterized by high blood pressure, edema, and proteinuria, but with no convulsions or coma. The cause is unknown; if not successfully treated, the condition will progress to eclampsia. Eclampsia is the third most common cause of maternal death in the United States after hemorrhage and infection.
neurolysis
separating a nerve (from adhesions)
monoparesis
slight paralysis of one (limb)
duritis
inflammation of the dura mater
radiculitis
inflammation of the nerve roots
Dacryocystitis
Inflammation of the tear (lacrimal) sac.
Tonometer
Instrument used to measure pressure (within the eye, used to diagnose glaucoma).
Tonometry
Measurment of pressure (within the eye)
Cornea
Transparent anterior part of the sclera, which is in front of the aqueous humor and lies over the iris.
Photophobia
Abnormal fear of (sensitivity to) light.
Sclerokeratitis
Inflammation of the sclera and cornea.
Iris
The pigmented muscular structure that allows light to pass through.
amniocentesis
surgical puncture to aspirate amniotic fluid (the needle is inserted through the abdominal and uterine walls, using ultrasound to guide the needle). the fluid is used for the assessment of fetal health and maturity to aid in diagnosing fetal abnormalities.
esphag/o
esophogus (tube leading from the throat to the stomach)
abortion
termination of pregnancy by the expulsion from the uterus of an embryo before fetal viability, usually before 20 weeks of gestation
amnioscopy
visual examination of amniotic fluid (and the fetus)
Down syndrome
congenital condition characterized by varying degrees of mental retardation and multiple defects (formerly called mongolism)
electroencephalography
process of recording the electrical impulses of the brain
neuroma
tumor made up of nerve (cells)
electroencephalograph
instrument used to record the electrical impulses of the brain
tetraplegia
paralysis of four (limbs) (synonymous with quadriplegia)
synscope
fainting or sudden loss of consciousness caused by lack of blood supply to the cerebrum
Oculus Uterque (OU)
Medical term for each eye
Oculus Sinister (OS)
Medical term for left eye
Pupillometer
Instrument used to measure (the width and diameter of) the pupil.
Pupil
Opening in the center of the iris.
Optician
One who is skilled in filling prescriptions for lenses.
-phobia
Abnormal fear of or aversion to specific things.
Conjunctiva
Mucous membrane lining the eyelids and covering the anterior portion of the sclera.
amniotomy
incision into the amnion (rupture of the fetal membrane to induce labor)
gamete
mature germ cell, either sperm (male) or ovum (female)
pyloric stenosis
narrowing pertaining to the pyloric sphincter. (Congenital pyloric stenosis occurs in 1 of every 200 newborns)
tracheoesophageal fistula
abnormal passageway pertaining to the esophagus and the trachea (between the esophagus and trachea)
ganglion
group of nerve cell bodies located outside the central nervous system
aphasia
condition of without speaking (loss or impairment of the ability to speak)
spinal cord
passes through the vertebral canal extending from the medualla oblongata to the level of the second lumbar vertebra. The spinal cord conducts nerve impulses to and from the brain and initiates reflex action to sensory information without input from the brain.
ganglionectomy
excision of a ganglion (also called gangliectomy)
multiple sclerosis (MS)
degenerative disease characterized by sclerotic patches along the brain and spinal cord
major depression
a mood disturbance characterized by feelings of sadness, despair, and discouragement. Depression ranges from normal feelings of sadness (resulting from and proportional to personal loss or tragedy), through dysthyjia (depressive neurosis), to major depression
paraplegia
paralysis from the waist down caused by damage to the lower level of the spinal cord
meninges
three layers of membrane that cover the brain and spinal cord
hemiparesis
slight paralysis of half (right or left side of the body)
pia mater
thin inner layer of the meninges
Radial keratotomy (RK)
Surgery in which spoke-like incisions are made to reshape the cornea, thus correcting nearsightedness.
Enucleation
Surgical removal of the eye (also, the removal of any organ that comes out clean and whole)
multigravida
many pregnancies (a woman who has been pregnant two or more times)
pelvic sonography
pertaining to the pelvis, process of recording sound (pelvic ultrasound is used to evaluate the fetus and pregnancy)
breech presentation
parturition (act of giving birth) in which the buttocks, feet, or knees emerge first
nulligravida
no pregnancies (a woman who has never been pregnant)
shunt
tube implanted in the body to redirect the flow of a fluid
amyotrophic lateral disease
progressive muscle atrophy caused by hardening of nerve tissue on the lateral columns of the spinal cord
CT myelography
process of recording (scan) the spinal cord (after an injection of a contrast agent into the subarachnoid space. Size, shape, and position of the spinal cord and nerve roots are demonstrated)
Vitrectomy
Surgical removal of all or part of the vitreous humor.
zygote
cell formed by the union of the sperm and the ovum
respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
a respiratory complication in the newborn, especially in premature infants. In premature infants RDS is caused by normal immaturity of the respiratory system resulting in compromised respiration (formerly called hyaline membrane disease)
Reye syndrome
disease of the brain and other organs such as the liver. Affects children and adolescents. The cause is unknown, but, but it typically follows a viral infection.
placenta, or afterbirth
a structure that grows on the wall of the uterus during pregnancy and allows for nourishment of the unborn child; also secretes hormones to sustain pregnancy
magnetic resonance imaging of the brain (MRI scan)
a noninvasive technique that produces cross-sectional and sagittal images of soft tissues of the brain my magnetic waves. Unlike CT scan, MRI produces images without use of radiation. It is used to visualize tumors, edema, multiple sclerosis, and herniated disks
amniotic, or amnionic, sac (also known as bag of water)
membranous bag that surrounds the fetus before delivery
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