Language of Medicine - Final Exam Vocabulary Chapters thru Flashcards

Blood vessel
Terms Definitions
IM
Inramuscular
-cele
hernia
dys-
bad;painful;difficult;abnormal
brady-
slow
peri-
surrounding
pro-
before;forward
trans-
across;through
retro-
behind;back;backward
-pathy
disease
-plasia
development
formation
growth
-itis
inflammation
-ectomy
removal
excision
resection
MR
Mental Retardation
AD
Alzheimer's Disease
qAM
Every morning.
Colon
Large intestine
Hemoptysis
Spitting up blood.
PDR
Physician's Desk Reference
t.i.d.
Three times daily.
de-
lack od;down;less;removal of
Sinusitis
Inflammation of the sinuses.
PTSD
Post Tramatic Stress Disorder
Chemotherapy
Drug / Chemical Treatment.
Bronchiectasis
Dialation of brochial tubes.
Tracheotomy
Incision into the trachea.
hypo-
deficient;below;
under; less than normal
Hyperpnea
Increase in depth of breathing.
Hemothorax
Blood in the pleural cavity.
Pneumonectomy
Surgical removal of the lung.
Rhinoplasty
Surgical repair of the nose.
Pyothorax
Pus in the pleural cavity.
Hallucinogen
False or unreal sensory perception.
Adenoidectomy
Surgical removal of the adenoids.
-stomy
new opening
(to form a mouth)
blepharoplasty
blepharo/plasty
surgical repair of the eyelid
Orthopnea
Breathing discomfort in any position except sitting up.
Antipruritic
Pertains to a drug/medicine that relieves or stops itching.
Tachypnea
Increase in the rate of breathing.
Kleptomania
An obsessive impulse to steal regardless of economic need.
Hematocrit
a centrifuge for separating the cells of the blood from the plasma.
Schizophrenia
Withdrawl from reality into an inner world of disorganized thinking and conflict. A split personality psychotic disorder possibly caused by genetics and an imbalance of dopamine in the brain.
Hemoglobinopathy
A blood disease characterized by the presence of abnormal hemoglobins in the blood
Intrathecal
Pertaining to an injection within the spinal cord.
Absorption
Passage of material through the walls of the intestine into the bloodstream
elimination
Removal of waste material from the body
Synergism
Where by a combination of two drugs causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug alone.
Bile
Digestive juice made in the liver and stored in the gallbladder.It breaks up large fat globules.
Vasodialator
A drug which widens or opens the blood vessels. / Refers to a drug which widens blood vessels. It results from the relaxation of smooth muscle cells within the vessel walls, particularly in the large arteries, arterioles and veins. The process is essentially the opposite of vasoconstriction, or the narrowing of blood vessels.
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