Latin America 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Cuba
Havana
Nicaragua
Managua
Peru
Lima
Jamaica
Kingston
Guadeloupe
Basse-Terre
Ecuador
Quito
Chile
Santiago
Bahamas
Nassau
Venezuela
Caracas
Belize
Belmopan
Guatemala
Guatemala City
Argentina
Buenos Aires
Grenada
St. George's
Mexico
Mexico City
thunderstorm
tropical depression
heat transfer
convection
Dominican Republic
Santo Domingo
El Salvador
San Salvador
cool country
tierra templada
snow line
tierra helada
hot country
tierra caliente
frost country
tierra helada
Antigua and Barbuda
St. John's
lowest elevation zone
tierra caliente
Trinidad and Tobago
Port of Spain
land of eternal springs
tierra templada
Angel Falls
The world's highest waterfall.
Cloud Forest is found in...
Costa Rica
trading resources between climate zones
vertical trade
How long was hurricane Isabel?
30 hours
Lake Titicaca is located where?
Tierra Fria
the education, healthcare, economic status, and general quality of life
standard of living
unequal distribution of wealth and/or resources in a geographic area
spatial inequality
Eco Tourism
Tourism to exotic or threatened ecosystems to observe wildlife or to help preserve nature.
Amazon River
The world's second longest river; carries more water than any other river
people in this climate zone have developed larger lungs to take in more oxygen
tierra fria
Largest vegetation zone in South America
The Amazon Rainforest
How much land in Mexico is suitable for farming?
15%
Lake Titicaca
The lake between Bolivia and Peru; highest lake in the world on which ships can travel.
What is another name for Tierra Helada?
Frost Country
What is another name for Tierra Fria?
Cold Country
Spatial Inequality
The unequal distribution of wealth or resources in a geographic area.
What does ecotourism promote?
Responsible travels, benefits economy, and education.
What is another name for Tierra Caliente?
Hot Country
most of the roses enjoyed by americans are grown here
tierra templada
widespread economic activities of Soth America
raising livestock, subsistence farming, commercial farming
Which place is the lowest on the Andes?
Tierra Caliente
What is the highest part of the Andes?
Tierra Helada
Atacama Desert
One of the driest regions in the world. Located in Northern Chile.
Coriolis Effect
The effect of Earth's rotation on the direction of winds and currents.
Attitudinal Zonation
The division of land into zones based on elevation.
Poverty and unemployment have increased in Mexico because
private farms cannot compete with commercial farms
What crops are included in the tierra Templada?
Coffee, Sugar Cane
What factors have helped to create the great culture diversity of Latin America?
Natives and Europeans
Which countries are not included in Latin America?
The United States and Canada
How have vertical Climates affected the trade patters of villagers in the northern Andes?
Everyone is helping each other. Trading good between climate zones
what makes Lake Titicaca unique?
it is the highest navigable lake in the world
What are the three sub-regions of Latin America?
Mexico and Central America, the Caribbean Islands, and South America.
Why has poverty and unemployment increased in rural mexico?
Smaller farms can not compete with larger farms.
What makes the Amazon River Unique?
it carries more water than any other river in the world
What are the different types of farms.
Private owned farms, large farm held by a group, commercial farm (ejidos), plantations.
What are some causes of migration to cities?
Jobs, Education, Health Care; clean water
What is the difference between a tropical storm and a tropical depression?
A tropical storm has winds that exceed 39 mph while a tropical depression has winds that are under 39 mph
Where are the Caribbean islands located?
They extend from the tip of Florida to the northern coast of South America.
How does El Nino effect North & South America and Southeast Asia & Australia?
The climate in North & South America becomes wetter while in Southeast Asia and Australia it becomes drier
What is the effect of El Nino on North and South America?
It gets warmer and causes more rainfall and flooding. South America becomes drier.
Suriname
Paramaribo
Brazil
Brasilia
Paraguay
Asuncion
Columbia
Bogota
managua
nicaragua
fallo
deceeve
Bolivia
La Paz
caudillo
military ruler
pampas
plains and grassland
independance movement:
_____:1st country to gain independance from frnace in 1804
haiti
Codex
bark paper book
european influences:
spanish and portuguese explorers were called ___________________(aka:conquerors)
conquisadors
Hugo Chavez
Leader of Venezuela
mayan 4 achievements
Writing SystemScience: Astronomy
Calendar: 365 days per year
Art/ Architecture
Mayan Problem
Priest Kings lost control
Diversification
Producing a variety of economic products to guarantee income
Patagonia
cold, windswept area of southern Argentina and Chile
three main european powers?
Spain, Portugal, France
gens de couleur
free persons of color
Agustín de Iturbide
defeated Jose Maria Morelos
basin
low area surrounded by higher land
Uruguay
Long history of prosperity and dictatorship
Terrace Farming
Agriculture adapted to the elevation and climate of the Andes Mountains
What is the captal of Mexico
Mexico City
Quipu
Knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the Inca to keep financial records
infrastructure
things that contribute to making a place livable, such as sewers, roads, electricity, and housing
Sought to gain control of Latin American ___________
Empires
Miguel Hidalgo
Mestizo priest; leader of early Mexican revolution against Spain.
Zambos
People of mixed Native American and African descent. Lowest tier of social class, with no rights whatsoever.
boom
a period of business growth and prosperity
Mexico City
2nd largest city in the world
when did the central america become independent?
1823
maquiladora
factories that lie along Mexico and US border
Fidel Castro
Helped over through Batista when he was a young lawyer
Altiplano
Spanish for "high plain," a region in Peru and Bolivia encircled by the Andes peaks
Terraced farming
an ancient technique for growing crops on hillsides or mountain slopes, using step-like horizontal fields cut into the slopes
L. America makes up about __ million square miles of land and earth
8
mestizo
a person of mixed spanish and native american ancestry
Battle of Ayacucho
Where Spanish colonies won their freedom.
Ship Building and Automobile industry
Large industries in Brazil
1903; Colombia
Panama gained indepence in ____ from ______
Mesoamerica
the area in the middle or Mexico and Central America
Isthmus of Panama
a narrow strip of land connecting North and South America
How do immigrants remmitences help Latin America?
raise standard of living
Population Rim
most of the population lives along the continents edges
* does not encircle the entired rim of South America
spanish came to the new world looking for
natural resources
The Guyanas
Which area in South America has lots of ex-slaves (Africans) and ex-indentured servents (Asians)
main crop in Cuba
sugar because it's very dependent, but Cuba wants to find other products, so they can find other ways to grow economy
where was the inca civilization
Cuzco Valley: Central Andes South America
Ideas of Charles III
Royal control of the Catholic Church, establish peninsulares as intendants/governors loyal to the King rather than the colonial viceroys, limit competing colonial industries, reinforce the mercantile system, and impose heavy taxes to pay for European wars
What were the beliefs of the nationalists?
opposed economic and cultural domination from the US and other countries
Indigenous Peruvian word for panpipes ; Ira / Arca
Ira = male Arca = female
What is the Central American Volcanic Axis?
It parallels the pacificcoastal plains from western Panama northward to Chiapas state in Southern Mexico
What is the highest water falls in the world, and where is it located?
Angel Falls, andit's in Venezuela
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