latin exam culture 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Athena
Minerva
tribuni
tribunes:
tormenta
artilery
bestiarii
beast-fighters
perystilium
outdoor area
Neptune
Sea, Ocean
invented democracy
Cleopatra
Boy's toga
toga virilis
Etruria
Modern Day Tuscany
atrium
Big open area
Anchises
father of Aeneas
Romulus
First King of Rome
Consul
2 leaders labeled this
fauces
jaws to the house
Ovid wrote what book
Metamorphoses
Quilombo
place for escaped slaves
Oedipus
mythical Greek king of Thebes
imports
shellfish, salt, wine, pottery, ironware
Biggest Part of Roman Army
Legion
what was the Apodyterium?
changing room
Vergil
Roman poet who wrote the Aeneid
Cato
on pompeis side during civil war
Mercury/Hermes
god of travelers and thieves; messenger of gods; wears wings on his helmet and sandals
agger
an embankment or a sloping plane
Strygil
used to scrape off olive oil
What is MDCCCLXIV in Arabic numerals?
1864
Catullus
Called his girlfriend Lesbia in his poems to honor the female poet Sappho who lived on the Greek Island Lesbos
Mt. Vesuvius
volcano; 79 AD eruption devastated cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum
sacellum
chapel: most sacred place in the fortress
Lararium
A little shrine which contained the sacred things was also called the _________
haruspex
A soothsayer who would use many detailed pars of some one like spot on a liver, way a certain offering burns, the way the scraficed animal fell to determine the will of the gods.
tutor of Alex Great
invented the syllogism, form of logic
wrote Nicomachean
Ethics- virtue is found in the middle
writings stoic influence
Aristotle
praetorium
general's tent; center of camp; where the treasury of the legions and young aristocrats were quartered
retiarii
net with trident (not heavily armed, more agile), fought against murmillones
Vulcan
venus' husband, the lame god of fire and blacksmiths
Dido's brother who drove her away from Tyre
Pygmalion
Capitoline Hill
The temple of Jupiter Maximus was located here
javelin
7ft, wood/iron, thrown 30 yds, had a snapping mechanism to break on impact
auspex, auspicis (m)
officiating priest, name comes from words for "to watch" and "bird".
julius caesar
first roman emporer to lead his troops into britain
suo anno
To gain an office at the youngest age
What was the area called that Rome was situated on?
Latium
Alps, 102000, 26000
Hannibal tried to cross the ____ (Mts.) and left with ______ men and arrived with _____
Battle of Pharsallus
last battle of the civil war, in Greece, Ceaser destorys Pompey and makes him flee to Africa
what was the spina?
the central division of the stadium (backbone)
2 other facts about slaves
Slaves had no rights; masters could not kill their slaves without a good reason
organized a league to maintain navy for common defense
What did Themistocles do with cities in the Aegean?
What was Augustus' famous quotation on his work in Rome?
"I found Rome a city of brick and left it a city of marble"
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