Latin Exam Grammar Flashcards

Terms Definitions
irregular superlatives
monēre (2nd)
monē, monēte
amāre (1st)
amā, amāte
pluperfect translations
had verbed
parvus (superlative)
minimus, a, um
malus (superlative)
pessimus, a, um
capere (3rd -io)
cape, capite
bonus (superlative)
optimus, a, um
ille, illa, illud
that, he, she, it
is, ea, id
this/that, he, she, it
use this reflexive adjective when the subject and possessor are the same
perfect endings
ī, istī, it, imus, istis, ērunt
(think she-wolf)
both words being compared in same case, quam added before the second word that is being compared.
this road is longer than that road.
this road and that road are in the same case.
future perfect endings
erō, eris, erit, erimus, eritis, erint
SS Rule
M/F nouns having the same number of syllables
3rd declension adjectives
declined like 3rd declension i stems, but they ALL have the long i in the ablative singular.
personal pronouns (1st and 2nd--can also be translated reflexively)
ego, nos, tu, vos
declining n i stems
same as regular third declension, but keep in mind the neuter rule. there is an ī in the ablative singular, and the same ium in the genitive plural. plural nominative and accusative ends in ia.
Nam passer est melitus.
Nam: conj; passer: noun, m, sg, nom; est: verb, 3rd, sg, pres, act; melitus: adj, m, sg, nom
forming comparatives
chop off stem, add - altior to the m or f stem, and -altius to the n stem, then add regular third declension endings
Regular (us, a, um) superlative endings
issimus, issima, issimum (add to stem)
ablative of comparison
the word that is being compared to the first one is in the ablative case.
Haec via longior ILLĀ est.
this road is longer than that one.
Itaque Catullus passeri invidet. (what case does invidet take?)
Itaque: adv; Catullus: noun, m, sg, nom; passeri: noun, m, sg, dat; invidet: verb, 2nd, 3rd, sg, pres, act; the dative case
O, passer, deliciae meae puellae!
O: interj; passer: noun, m, sg, nom; deliciae: noun, f, pl, nom; meae: adj, f, sg, gen; puellae: noun, f, sg, gen
Verba senum, puella, unius assis aestimare possumus.
Verba: noun, n, pl, acc; senum: noun, m, pl, gen; puella: noun, f, sg, voc; unius: adj, m, sg, gen; assis: noun, m, sg, gen; aestimare: verb, 1st, pres, act, inf; possumus: verb, 1st, pl, pres, act
genitive form of is, hic, or ille
use the genitive for possession when the subject and possessor are DIFFERENT!!
Catullus tamen vult cum puella esse et a puella amari. (what role does puella play in the sentence?)
Catullus: noun, m, sg, nom; tamen: conj; vult: verb, 3rd, sg, pres, act; cum: prep, abl; puella: noun, f, sg, abl; esse: pres, act, inf; et: conj; a: prep, abl; puella: noun, f, sg, abl; amari: 1st, pres, pass, inf; ablative of agent
Tired, Weary
one thousand
you have
circumstantial cum clause
timuistī [translate]
"you feared"
oratio, oratonis, f
1st dat, sing
roman numeral eight
you all did
but if
quod si
what is an infinitive?
arma, armorum, n pl
P. V. 4th D.
IQwhether (if)
num? NOT SI
-e, -arum (Ln)
1st dec gen
some people stay, others leave.
remember, hate, know (a person)
-emus (Lv)
2nd conj 1st person pl
__________ definition of Latin word *minus*
remove RE
form imperitive mood for amate
to remember
memini meminisse(imperitive - memento, te)+ acc of thing, gen of person
hec(***) (La/pn)
this: f. nom, these: n. nom/acc
Imperitives Active 3rd-3rd IO Conjugation
e / ite
Personal Endings
m, s, t, mus, tis, nt
Open conds,tense,reference to past/present
follow tense of english
The fourth principal part of a regular verb is the perfect passive participle
ad urbe discesserunt
They went away from the city
not that uter
is usually found in the dingular
Subject-verb agreement
The verb must agree with the subject in person and number
what is the case and use of Cornelia
nom, subject
it is fitting for me to go
me ire decet
Imperfect Passive Indicative 3rd-4th
ebar ebaris ebatur / ebamur ebarmini ebantur
what does tunicam suam induit mean
she put on her tunic
-is(*****) (La)
dec A dat/abl pl & dec B m./f. nom/voc sing & gen sing
what is the case and use of magna voce
abl, shows manner
i-stem nouns have -ium in genative plural instead of -um (neuter istem nouns also have -s in the nominative and accusative)
How do 3rd declension i-stem nouns differ from 3rd declension regular nouns?
what does ad urbem ire necesse erat mean
it was necessary to go to the city
to say
under, ablative
3rd person
erat [translate]
"he was"
Giving a command
2nd abl plural
roman numeral five
1st nom p
who? what
quis? quid?
eratis [translate]
"You all were"
Fear Clause
fear verb, ne
they will teach
doce-bunt (1)
imperative mood
mood of command
Alter, altera, alterum
The other, second
what does arripuit mean
he grabbed
with this, that intention
eo consilio
-o(**) (Ln)
2nd dec dat/abl sing (m/n)
adverbial purpose clause
ubi/quo + subjunctive verb
Are there helping verbs in Latin?
while - indicative- presentexactly as long as- natural tense
adjective used as noun
ex: pauci= few people
Hortatory; Subjunctive
main verb subjunctive, expresses a wish or an encouragement, translated " May..." or "Let..."
an infinitive that completes the verb (I am not able TO SLEEP before a big test.)
present active infinitive
most inperfect form of verb
The future tense is formed on the third principal part of the verb
used in the beginning of a sententence when you expect the answer to be "no"
oportet + past time
perfect tense and present infinitive
The verb cursurus is an example of a perfect passive particple
the gender
How do you form the present verb stem?
what endings go onto present passive?
subtract -e and add -i.
position of verb
the verb usually stands last in the sentence
RE, present active infinitive
to get the imperitive singular you remove the ___ from the ____ ____ ____?
ablative place from where
a, ab, ex, e, or de + Abl
Can the partitive genitive be used with this statement: "All of the homeland..."?
no, need a partitive idea
2nd N Adjective
um i o um o / a orum is a is
I was/we were, you were/you were, he/she/it was/they were
What are the verbs on the past "to be" chart?
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