AP Art History 10 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Insane Woman
Ise Shrine
Italian Baroque
sunken decorative panel
larg burial area
inlaid dagger blade
tempera on wood
early italian ren
“Middle” prehistoric Period
archaic art
600- 480 bce
Qin Terra cotta warriors
Etruscan room
robert adam
neo classical
prefered to nonobjective art
-geometric, diagonal forms
picture depicting natural scenery, without narrative content
subterranean networks of rock-cut galleries and chambers designed as cemeteries for the burial of the dead
Reims, jamb statues
-more detached
-2 pairs by two different artists
Drapery Study
Brush with grey tempera
Italian High Ren
circular painting or relief sculpture
an ancient Greek circular shrine
focuses on universal truths, universal dreams and subconcious mind (Froid, automatism); get rid of reason to give imagination freedom
an ancient Greek three-handled water pitcher
Saint Mark
Donatello. Early Renaissance Sculpture (1411-1413) Contrappasto. 1st with voluminous drapery.
Stirring limbs.
French philosopher who used the Rosetta stone to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics.
ceramic figurines of yayoi, realistic copies of aristrocrates, come alive in next life
In Roman architecture, a multistory apartment house, usually made of brick-faced concrete; also refers to an entire city block
an Archiac Greek statuary type depicting a young woman
Nasca- Peru, ca 500, ground drawing
a flat, rectangular, vertical member projecting from a wall topped by a capital
a triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof
Composite View
A convention of representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally; also called twisted perspective
Place where an artifact was found; provenance.
decorative pin, usually used to fasten garments
ancient Greek two-handled jar used for general storage purposes, usually to hold wine or oil
a horizontal beam used to span openings.
Egyptian architect and scholar who the designer of the step pyramids at Saqqara for king Djoser
a member of ancient Hellenic people who inhabits Attica, Asian Minor, and the Aegean Islands
work of art which possesses symbolic meaning in addition to a literal interpretation
An engraving in which the design, instead of being cut into the plate with a burin, is scratched into the surface with a hard steel "pencil." See also engraving, etching, intaglio.
benday dots
Named after the newspaper printer Benjamin Day, the benday dot system involves the modulation of colors through the placement and size of colored dots.
a support, usually an exterior projection of masonry, for a wall that opposes the lateral thrust of vaulting
flying buttress
african art
Varied and complex, discoveries of these, often figurative works, prompted many of the inventions of modern art.
Architecture, this is a carved stone grotesque with a spout designed to convey water from a roof and away from the side of a building. preventing rainwater from running down masonry walls important so won't erode mortar btw stone blocks, created during gothic period
ruined city on N central Crete; capital of the ancient Minoan civilization.
enamelwork in which colored areas are separated by thin bands of metal, usu. gold or bronze
Rib vaults
a groin fault with ribbed arches
sun-dried brick made of clay and straw
A horizontal beam used to span an opening.
trompe l'oeil
French "fools the eye"; form of illusionist painting that aims to deceive viewer into believing representations are real objects
a composition made by rubbing a crayon or a pencil over paper placed over a surface with a raised design
gold leaf
a very thin form of gold foil
mecca, medina
Islamic holy cities; Mecca is the birthplace of Muhammad and the city all Muslims turn to in prayer; Medina is where Muhammad was first accepted as the prophet, and where his tomb is located
Greek, "ruler of all." Christ as ruler and judge of heaven and earth.
an atrium surrounded by columns in a Roman house
Secondary Colors
orange, green, and purple; obtained by mixing pairs of primary colors
second story of a church in early Christianity decorated with mosaics
Flamboyant style
a late Gothic style of architecture supersceding the Rayonnant style and named for the flamelike appearance of its pointed bar tracery
Passage Grave
a prehistoric tomb with a long stone corridor leading to a burial chamber covered by a great tumulus
The treatment of light and shade in a work of art, especially to give an illusion of depth.
Sutton Hoo purse cover
625 CE
Suffolk, England
-from Sutton Hoo burial...ship used as coffin (transportation to the next world)
-red and gold (power colors)
>>geometric elements, animal motifs (birds and lions), and curved, linear interlace become characteristic
-symbolism as a way to communicate
-ducks and eagles attacking, man b/w two lions fending them off >> POWER
A raised platform in a church on which a priest stands while leading the religious service.
the result of the first crusade
muslim influence in art
Ziggurant at Ur
Constructed by the third dynasty of Ur, the ziggurat is built out of baked bricks laid in bitumen (an asphalt-like substance) and and has three stairways each. hundred steps.
flying buttress
a stone arch and its pier that support a roof from a pillar outside the building; also stabilize a building and protect it from wind sheer
markets of trajan
made out of concrete, two floors of shops, concrete groin vaults cover the central space, weight of the vault goes to the column, 00-112 CE
Journal Entry Q1
-What are the three ways that art historians analyze works of art?
-Contextual Analysis or Formal analysis? Contextual is when you consider the artist's point of view and biography and reason for creating the work and the audience. And the Formal analysis is looking at the specific elements like line, color and light.
what was the conflict of the great schism?
two popes claim the title
Realism/ Impressionism
Minoan Pottery
stone coffin
Royal Pavilion
John Nash
characterized by motion
Toranas at Sanchi
Galloping Horse
Eadweard Muybridge
early photography
The "new" Stone Age.
entrance hall into church
large, moundshaped Buddhist shrine
Guggenheim (Bilbao)
Frank Gehry
New Formalism
Mycenean Art
cyclopean masonry...corbelled arches...narrow waist broad shoulders
direction towards which muslims pray
conceptual representation
representation of fundamental distinguishing properties of a person or object, not the way it appears in space at a specific moment
Bayeaux Tapestry
-not actually a tapestry...embroidered
-largest surviving secular work of art
-tells Battle of Hastings: William the conqueror conquers England, brother (bishop) commissions
-contemporary event...tells why won the battle
-propaganda, shows moral justification for victory
-made by nuns
French, "thinker, philosopher." The term applied to French intellectuals of the Enlightenment.
Love of the Gods
Annibale Carracci
Italian Baroque
Considered the greatest classical greek sculptor.
"Hercules and Antaeus"
Antonio Pollaiuolo
ca. 1475
approx. 1' 6" high with base
"exhibits the stress and strain of the human figure in violent action"
exemplum virtutis
example or model of virtue
use of perspective to represent apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular sight, in art
an ornamental molding or band following the curve of the underside of an arch
a rule, for example of proportion
the central area of a church
Twentieth-century art that is the result of the artist's unique inner or personal vision and that often has an emotional dimension. Expressionism contrasts with art focused on visually describing the empirical world.
a stylized and symbolic hand gesture.
Japanese- terracotta, Jomon Period, 2500-1500 BCE
Pottery Vessel
the "lintel" of a column structure
a self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. The polis comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory
pseudoperipteral temple
roman temple that approximates a peripteral greek temple while maintaining the etruscan plan
cold-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment
A recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church.
Bronze Age
(archeology) a period between the Stone and Iron ages, characterized by the manufacture and use of bronze tools and weapons
The uppermost course of the platform of a Greek temple, which supports the columns.
a pulpit from which sermons are given
Usually, the front of a building; also, the other sides when they are emphasized architecturally.
the earliest date for the Gothic period
blurring or softening sharp lines to create smokiness and atmosphere in painting (leonardo used it)
Indian- Steatite, Mohenjo-Daro, ca 2000 BCE
Robed Male Figure
volcanic stone in which Etruscan tombs were dug
a fine plaster used for wall decorations or moldings
a semicircular recess crowned by a half dome set into a building's facade
formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression of a face; metal sheet is hammered into a hollow mold of wood or some other pliable material and finished with a graver
a building column that is shaped like a human figure
is shorthand for "1,000," so 24K BCE is equivalent to 24,000 BCE.
a vertical support that holds up an arch or a vault
A system of painting devised by the 19th-century French painter Georges Seurat. The artist separates color into its component parts and then applies the component colors to the canvas in tiny dots (points). The image becomes comprehensible only from a distance, when the viewer's eyes optically blend the pigment dots. Sometimes referred to as divisionism.
Cyclopean masonry
a type of construction that uses rough, massive blocks of stone piled one atop the other without mortar. Named for the mythical Cyclops
a composition made by combining on a flat surface various materials, such as newspaper, wallpaper, printed text and illustrations, photographs, and cloth
Henreich Schliemann
Naples) was a German archaeologist, an advocate of the historical reality of places mentioned in the works of Homer, and an important excavator of Troy and of the Mycenaean sites Mycenae and Tiry
a painting of Mary as enthroned Queen of Heaven surrounded by angels and saints
Old Testament
the collection of books comprising the Sacred Scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen people; the first 1/2 of the Christian Bible
more in touch with self= more in touch with all humanity; color is arbitrary and life is fragile (often used acidic colors and angular, haunted-looking people)
a durable method of painting on a wall by using watercolors on wet plaster
the convex profile in the shaft of a column
Corinthian Capital
A more ornate form than Doric or Ionic; it consists of a double row of acanthus leaves from which tendrils and flowers grow, wrapped around a bell-shaped echinus. Although this capital form is often cited as the distinguishing feature of the Corinthian order, there is, strictly speaking, no Corinthian order, but only this style of capital used in the Ionic order.
Kouros (female: kore)
an archaic Greek sculpture of a standing youth
beehive tomb
also known as the tholos tomb (plural tholoi), is a burial structure characterised by its false dome created by the superposition of successively smaller rings of mudbricks or, more often, stones
Lux Nova
the term Abbot Suger used to describe stained glass
Votive Statue
an offering or gift of gratitude to a deity
Leon Battista Alberti
architect who said "Men can do all things if they will"; humanist also who also wrote of the decline in population because of the high death rate, 1st Renaissance Man, architect, writer, sculptor, painter, more design oriented,
Saints Martin, Jerome, and Gregory. Jamb statues
Gothic Sculpture (1220-1230 CE) Break rigid vertical lines. Drapery falls softly. Features: Distinctive personality. Revealed in faces
Grave Circle A - AP Art
Mycenaen tombs of kings and families, burial site at Mycenae, indicates a stratified society (some dead are venerated), belief in afterlife
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