AP Art History 10 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Bouguereau
Realism
Constructivism
...
Insane Woman
Gericault
Ise Shrine
(Kofun)
(Japan)
Bacchus
Caravaggio
Italian Baroque
...
coffer
sunken decorative panel
necropolis
larg burial area
inlaid dagger blade
(Mycenean)
Primavera
Botticelli
tempera on wood
early italian ren
...
Mesolithic
“Middle” prehistoric Period
archaic art
600- 480 bce
Qin Terra cotta warriors
(Qin)
(China)
Etruscan room
robert adam
neo classical
...
constructivism/suprematism
prefered to nonobjective art
-geometric, diagonal forms
landscape
picture depicting natural scenery, without narrative content
catacombs
subterranean networks of rock-cut galleries and chambers designed as cemeteries for the burial of the dead
Reims, jamb statues
1220-1255
France
-more detached
-2 pairs by two different artists
-anunciation
Drapery Study
Leonardo
Brush with grey tempera
Italian High Ren
...
tondo
circular painting or relief sculpture
Tholos
an ancient Greek circular shrine
Surrealism
focuses on universal truths, universal dreams and subconcious mind (Froid, automatism); get rid of reason to give imagination freedom
hydria
an ancient Greek three-handled water pitcher
Saint Mark
Donatello. Early Renaissance Sculpture (1411-1413) Contrappasto. 1st with voluminous drapery.
Stirring limbs.
Champollion
French philosopher who used the Rosetta stone to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics.
haniwa
ceramic figurines of yayoi, realistic copies of aristrocrates, come alive in next life
insula
In Roman architecture, a multistory apartment house, usually made of brick-faced concrete; also refers to an entire city block
kore
an Archiac Greek statuary type depicting a young woman
Nasca- Peru, ca 500, ground drawing
Nasca
pilaster
a flat, rectangular, vertical member projecting from a wall topped by a capital
Pediment
a triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof
Composite View
A convention of representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally; also called twisted perspective
Findspot
Place where an artifact was found; provenance.
fibula
decorative pin, usually used to fasten garments
amphora
ancient Greek two-handled jar used for general storage purposes, usually to hold wine or oil
lintels
a horizontal beam used to span openings.
imhotep
Egyptian architect and scholar who the designer of the step pyramids at Saqqara for king Djoser
ionians
a member of ancient Hellenic people who inhabits Attica, Asian Minor, and the Aegean Islands
allegory
work of art which possesses symbolic meaning in addition to a literal interpretation
drypoint
An engraving in which the design, instead of being cut into the plate with a burin, is scratched into the surface with a hard steel "pencil." See also engraving, etching, intaglio.
benday dots
Named after the newspaper printer Benjamin Day, the benday dot system involves the modulation of colors through the placement and size of colored dots.
a support, usually an exterior projection of masonry, for a wall that opposes the lateral thrust of vaulting
flying buttress
african art
Varied and complex, discoveries of these, often figurative works, prompted many of the inventions of modern art.
Gargoyle
Architecture, this is a carved stone grotesque with a spout designed to convey water from a roof and away from the side of a building. preventing rainwater from running down masonry walls important so won't erode mortar btw stone blocks, created during gothic period
knossos
ruined city on N central Crete; capital of the ancient Minoan civilization.
Cloissonne
enamelwork in which colored areas are separated by thin bands of metal, usu. gold or bronze
Rib vaults
a groin fault with ribbed arches
adobe
sun-dried brick made of clay and straw
Lintel
A horizontal beam used to span an opening.
trompe l'oeil
French "fools the eye"; form of illusionist painting that aims to deceive viewer into believing representations are real objects
frottage
a composition made by rubbing a crayon or a pencil over paper placed over a surface with a raised design
gold leaf
a very thin form of gold foil
mecca, medina
Islamic holy cities; Mecca is the birthplace of Muhammad and the city all Muslims turn to in prayer; Medina is where Muhammad was first accepted as the prophet, and where his tomb is located
Pantokrator
Greek, "ruler of all." Christ as ruler and judge of heaven and earth.
Peristyle
an atrium surrounded by columns in a Roman house
Secondary Colors
orange, green, and purple; obtained by mixing pairs of primary colors
triforium
second story of a church in early Christianity decorated with mosaics
Flamboyant style
a late Gothic style of architecture supersceding the Rayonnant style and named for the flamelike appearance of its pointed bar tracery
Passage Grave
a prehistoric tomb with a long stone corridor leading to a burial chamber covered by a great tumulus
chiaroscuro
The treatment of light and shade in a work of art, especially to give an illusion of depth.
Sutton Hoo purse cover
625 CE
Suffolk, England
-from Sutton Hoo burial...ship used as coffin (transportation to the next world)
-red and gold (power colors)
>>geometric elements, animal motifs (birds and lions), and curved, linear interlace become characteristic
-symbolism as a way to communicate
-ducks and eagles attacking, man b/w two lions fending them off >> POWER
pulpit
A raised platform in a church on which a priest stands while leading the religious service.
the result of the first crusade
muslim influence in art
Ziggurant at Ur
Constructed by the third dynasty of Ur, the ziggurat is built out of baked bricks laid in bitumen (an asphalt-like substance) and and has three stairways each. hundred steps.
flying buttress
a stone arch and its pier that support a roof from a pillar outside the building; also stabilize a building and protect it from wind sheer
markets of trajan
made out of concrete, two floors of shops, concrete groin vaults cover the central space, weight of the vault goes to the column, 00-112 CE
Journal Entry Q1
-What are the three ways that art historians analyze works of art?
-Contextual Analysis or Formal analysis? Contextual is when you consider the artist's point of view and biography and reason for creating the work and the audience. And the Formal analysis is looking at the specific elements like line, color and light.
-
what was the conflict of the great schism?
two popes claim the title
Jouvin
Impressionism
Babylonian
...
Manet
Realism/ Impressionism
Minoan Pottery
(Minoan)
sarcophagus
stone coffin
(Egypt)
Royal Pavilion
John Nash
kinetic
characterized by motion
Toranas at Sanchi
(Buddhism)
Galloping Horse
Eadweard Muybridge
early photography
Neolithic
The "new" Stone Age.
narthex
entrance hall into church
stupa
large, moundshaped Buddhist shrine
Guggenheim (Bilbao)
Frank Gehry
New Formalism
Mycenean Art
cyclopean masonry...corbelled arches...narrow waist broad shoulders
qibla
direction towards which muslims pray
conceptual representation
representation of fundamental distinguishing properties of a person or object, not the way it appears in space at a specific moment
Bayeaux Tapestry
1070-1080
France
-not actually a tapestry...embroidered
-largest surviving secular work of art
-tells Battle of Hastings: William the conqueror conquers England, brother (bishop) commissions
-contemporary event...tells why won the battle
-propaganda, shows moral justification for victory
-made by nuns
philosophe
French, "thinker, philosopher." The term applied to French intellectuals of the Enlightenment.
Love of the Gods
Annibale Carracci
fresco
Italian Baroque
...
Praxiteles
Considered the greatest classical greek sculptor.
"Hercules and Antaeus"
Antonio Pollaiuolo
ca. 1475
bronza
approx. 1' 6" high with base
"exhibits the stress and strain of the human figure in violent action"
exemplum virtutis
example or model of virtue
foreshortening
use of perspective to represent apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular sight, in art
archivolts
an ornamental molding or band following the curve of the underside of an arch
Canon
a rule, for example of proportion
nave
the central area of a church
Expressionism
Twentieth-century art that is the result of the artist's unique inner or personal vision and that often has an emotional dimension. Expressionism contrasts with art focused on visually describing the empirical world.
mudra
a stylized and symbolic hand gesture.
Japanese- terracotta, Jomon Period, 2500-1500 BCE
Pottery Vessel
Entablature
the "lintel" of a column structure
Polis
a self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. The polis comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory
pseudoperipteral temple
roman temple that approximates a peripteral greek temple while maintaining the etruscan plan
frigidarium
cold-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment
apse
A recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church.
Bronze Age
(archeology) a period between the Stone and Iron ages, characterized by the manufacture and use of bronze tools and weapons
Stylobate
The uppermost course of the platform of a Greek temple, which supports the columns.
minbar
a pulpit from which sermons are given
facade
Usually, the front of a building; also, the other sides when they are emphasized architecturally.
the earliest date for the Gothic period
1144
Sfumato
blurring or softening sharp lines to create smokiness and atmosphere in painting (leonardo used it)
Indian- Steatite, Mohenjo-Daro, ca 2000 BCE
Robed Male Figure
Tufa
volcanic stone in which Etruscan tombs were dug
Stucco
a fine plaster used for wall decorations or moldings
Exedra
a semicircular recess crowned by a half dome set into a building's facade
repoussé
formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression of a face; metal sheet is hammered into a hollow mold of wood or some other pliable material and finished with a graver
caryatid
a building column that is shaped like a human figure
2"K
is shorthand for "1,000," so 24K BCE is equivalent to 24,000 BCE.
pier
a vertical support that holds up an arch or a vault
dividionism
A system of painting devised by the 19th-century French painter Georges Seurat. The artist separates color into its component parts and then applies the component colors to the canvas in tiny dots (points). The image becomes comprehensible only from a distance, when the viewer's eyes optically blend the pigment dots. Sometimes referred to as divisionism.
Cyclopean masonry
a type of construction that uses rough, massive blocks of stone piled one atop the other without mortar. Named for the mythical Cyclops
Collage
a composition made by combining on a flat surface various materials, such as newspaper, wallpaper, printed text and illustrations, photographs, and cloth
Henreich Schliemann
Naples) was a German archaeologist, an advocate of the historical reality of places mentioned in the works of Homer, and an important excavator of Troy and of the Mycenaean sites Mycenae and Tiry
Maesta
a painting of Mary as enthroned Queen of Heaven surrounded by angels and saints
Old Testament
the collection of books comprising the Sacred Scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen people; the first 1/2 of the Christian Bible
Kirchner
more in touch with self= more in touch with all humanity; color is arbitrary and life is fragile (often used acidic colors and angular, haunted-looking people)
fresco
a durable method of painting on a wall by using watercolors on wet plaster
entasis
the convex profile in the shaft of a column
Corinthian Capital
A more ornate form than Doric or Ionic; it consists of a double row of acanthus leaves from which tendrils and flowers grow, wrapped around a bell-shaped echinus. Although this capital form is often cited as the distinguishing feature of the Corinthian order, there is, strictly speaking, no Corinthian order, but only this style of capital used in the Ionic order.
Kouros (female: kore)
an archaic Greek sculpture of a standing youth
beehive tomb
also known as the tholos tomb (plural tholoi), is a burial structure characterised by its false dome created by the superposition of successively smaller rings of mudbricks or, more often, stones
Lux Nova
the term Abbot Suger used to describe stained glass
Votive Statue
an offering or gift of gratitude to a deity
Leon Battista Alberti
architect who said "Men can do all things if they will"; humanist also who also wrote of the decline in population because of the high death rate, 1st Renaissance Man, architect, writer, sculptor, painter, more design oriented,
Saints Martin, Jerome, and Gregory. Jamb statues
Gothic Sculpture (1220-1230 CE) Break rigid vertical lines. Drapery falls softly. Features: Distinctive personality. Revealed in faces
Grave Circle A - AP Art
Mycenaen tombs of kings and families, burial site at Mycenae, indicates a stratified society (some dead are venerated), belief in afterlife
/ 132
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online