AP Art History Vocab 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Moreau
Symbolism
Futurism
...
Doric Portico
Stuart
barque
ceremonial boat
renaissance means
rebirth
pillars
stone columns
predella
base of altarpiece
Trajan's Column
(High Empire)
(Rome)
The libyan sibyl
michelangelo
sistine
...
Carolingian Art
Charlemagne
Christendom
Palatine Chapel
Carolingian illuminated manuscripts
Carolingian Renaissance
Carlos Magnus
wat
Buddhist monastery in Cambodia
Pont du Gard
(Early Empire)
(Rome)
San Serapion
Francisco de Zurbaran
Spanish Baroque
...
Weld
to join by heating
-
Michelangelo, David: 1501...sculpture in the round, large hands, head too large, but meant to be seen from 40' down (relative perspective)
madrasa
Islamic theological college adjoining and often containing a mosque
Temple of Kukulcan, Chichen Itza
(Maya)
(Americas)
Dali
Surrealism, The Persistence of Memory
Apotheosis of homer
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Neoclassical
...
hypostyle
an open room of columns
(Islam)
Contrapposto
the counterbalance (accurate depiction of weight shift)
New Objectivity
Germany, after WWI- abrasive, disollutioned; called "degenerate" by Hitler
granulation
decorative technique in which tiny metal balls (granules) are fused to a metal surface
cuneiform
Latin: wedge-shaped; system of writing used in ancient Mesopotamia; characters produced by pressing stylus into soft clay tablet, then hardened
stylized
a manner of representation that conforms to an intellectual or artistic idea rather than to naturalistic appearances
Fresco
a painting technique that involves applying water-based paint onto a freshly plaster wall. the paint forms a bond with the plaster that is durable and long lasting
constantine the great
Rome 325-26 CE
marble
roundel
A circular painting or relief sculpture.
The Ghent Altarpiece
Hubert and Jan van Eyck
Oil on panel
Northern Ren
...
cubism
Analytic: viewing world from multiple perspective
synthetic: adding things together, collage
Lintel
the horizontal beam above the doorway
Parchment
paper used for illuminated manuscripts and writings
Frescoe
Painting on Plaster (wet or dry)
Arch
a curved structural member that spans an opening and is generally composed of wedge-shaped blocks (voussoirs) that transmit downward pressure laterally (thrust)
interaxial
distance between the center of the lowest drum of a column and the center of the next
stele
an ancient upright stone slab bearing markings
Flutes
Vertical grooves on shafts of greek columns (originated in ancient Egypt)
stoa
in ancient greek architecture, an open building with a roof supported by a row of columns parallel to the back wall
quattrocento
the 1400s, or fifteenth century, in Italian art
Etruscan temples
sculptures on top
no stylobate or staerobate
one staircase
only columns in front
interior space and exterior space is 50% 50%
columns made of wood
broader overhang because more of a sheltering aspect to the building
columns are doric- not fluted and with a base
roof is not as heavy can space columns and use less of columns
mud brick walls
entablatures made of wither wood or tufa-volcanic rock
used post-and-lintel
gable roof
entablatures- doric friez
built on high platforms
silk-screen printing
An industrial printing technique that creates a sharp-edged image by pressing ink through a design on silk or a similar tightly woven porous fabric stretched tight on a frame.
the essential difference between medieval and renaissance view of the world
renaissance emphasized humanism
ka
in ancient Egypt, the immortal human life force
Conceptual representation
The representation of the fundamental distinguishing properties of a person or object, not the way a figure or object appears in space and light at a specific moment.
cycladic figure
are highly abstract. Ancient peoples placed figurines like this in grave sites
Ignudi
nude corner figures on the Sistine Chapel ceiling
Sasanian
the new people descended from the Achaemenids that challenged the Romans; the last of the Near Eastern groups
Foreshortening
is a device for suggesting depth by representing a figure or an object at an angle, rather than frontally or profile
tessera
Greek "cube"; tiny stone or piece of glass cut to the desired shape and size for use in forming a mosaic
piled-up perspective
things farther in the background on top
registers
a device used in systems of spatial definition. In painting, a register indicates the use of differing groundlines to differentiate layers of space within an image. In sculpture, the placement of self-contained bands of reliefs in vertical arrangement. In printmaking, the marks at the edges used to align the print correctly on the page, especially in multiple-block color printing
arcade
n. A vaulted passageway or street; a roofed passageway having shops, etc., opening from it.
gospels
the first four books of the New Testament that chronicle the life of Jesus
perspective
A method of presenting an illusion of the three-dimensional world on a two-dimensional surface. In linear perspective, all parallel lines or surface edges converge on one, two, or three vanishing points located with reference to the eye level of the viewer (the horizon line of the picture), and associated objects are rendered smaller the farther from the viewer they are intended to seem. Atmospheric, or aerial, perspective creates the illusion of distance by the greater diminution of color intensity, the shift in color toward an almost neutral blue, and the blurring of contours as the intended distance between eye and object increases.
Hierarchy of scale
a system of representation that expresses a person's importance by the size of his or her representation in a work of art
Space
area that "holds" the object(s) in or around a work. Space may be limited or unlimited
entablature
part of a building above the columns and below the roof
Plebeian figures
an ordinary citizen in the ancient Roman republic depicted in Caravaggio art
Barrel Vault
Masonry roof or ceiling constructed on the arch principle.
transept
either of the two side parts of a cross-shaped church that are at an angle of 90 degrees to the main part
hypostyle hall
has a flat ceiling which is supported by columns
arch of constantine
Rome 312-15 CE
look at description on pg 209
in later gothic, sculptural decoration would be found on these two parts of the church
front facade and jambs
oculus
a circular window in a chrch or a round opening at the top of a dome
Papyrus
a tall aquatic plant used as a writing surface in ancient Egypt
groin vault
formed at the point at which 2 barrel vaults intersect at right angles
Corbel arch
a vault formed by layers of stone that gradually grow closer together as they rise until they eventually meet
4 different styles of fresco
1. making the wall look like a wall---plaster low relief to look like marble
2. illusion of three demetional space- (paintings with dados)- realistic
detailed illusion of space btw corners of walls suggest that the figures are coming out of the painting
3. Decorative images-not realistic- not actual scenery
4. the space- random fragments of realistic images- images do not connect-its busy- lots going on
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