Literary Terms A-D Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Speaker
Like narrator
diction
word choice
persona
a person.
Trite
overused and hackneyed
blank verse
unrhymed verse
dactylic
a dactylic verse.
Allusion
passing or casual reference
rhyme
repetition of end sounds
anecdote
a short, entertaining story
hyperbole
obvious and intentional exaggeration.
clause
any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate.
Theme
The main idea or moral.
paradox
an apparently contradictory statement that actually contains some truth
wit
intellectually amusing language that surprises and delights
conceit
a fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor
Scene
A subdivision in a play
Hero
Central character in a narrative
rune
a poem, song, or verse
CONNOTATION
The suggested or implied meanings associated with a word beyond its dictionary definition
Antithesis
The direct opposite, a sharp contrast.
Consonance
Identical consonant sounds preceded by different vowel sounds
description
descriptive writing allows the reader to picture the scene or setting in which the story takes place
Protagonist
the main character in a story.
scansion
analysis of verse into metrical patterns.
Simile
a comparison using like or as
euphemism
less offensive substitute for an unpleasant word or concept-can be used to be politically or socially correct or to add humor to an ironic understatement
personification
representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature
Aphorism
Brief statement that expresses a general observation about life in a witty, pointed way.
character
a person, animal,or imaginary creature that takes part in the action
Characterization
Revealing the personality of a character.
running-on of a line of poetry
Enjambment
Catharsis
Therapeutic release of emotion upon identifying with and being moved by a piece of literature.
character's speech to audience unheard by others
aside
tragedy
a dramatic composition, often in verse, dealing with a serious or somber theme, typically that of a great person destined through a flaw of character or conflict with some overpowering force, as fate or society, to downfall or destruction.
letter
a written or printed communication addressed to a person or organization and usually transmitted by mail.
inversion
an act or instance of inverting.
Flat
A flat character is one without extensive personality and characterization.
polysendeton
repetition of conjunctions for a much slower passage (poly=more) EX: here and there and everywhere
context clues
information from the reading that helps the reader to identify the meaning of an unknown word
Atmosphere
The emotional feelings inspired by a work. The term is borrowed for meteorology to describe the dominant mood of a selection as it is created by diction, dialogue, setting, and description.
Example - In "The Most Dangerous Game," the atmosphere of the island was portrayed as dark, eerie, and mysterious (9). In "Young Goodman Brown," when Young Goodman Brown goes into the forest, the atmosphere is dark, ominous, and foreboding (253).
repetition
repeating a word or phrase, or rewording the same idea
External conflict
The struggle between the protagonist and some outside force.
assonance
the repitition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds especially in words that are together
Naturalism
A literary movement seeking to depict life as accurately as possible, without artificial distortions of emotion, idealism, and literary convention.
Flat character
has one outstanding characteristic, a few distinguishing marks. Can be easily summed up.
aphorism/maxim
a terse saying embodying a general truth, or astute observation
didactic
having the primary purpose of teaching or instucting
satire
work that targets human vices and follies or social institutions and conventions for reform or ridicule-a style of writing, not a purpose
syntax
the order of words in meaningful patterns
apostrophe
figure of speech where one addresses an imaginary or abstract person
Irony-Dramatic
Something that is know by the reader
Antagonist
The character (or force) who opposes the main character or who attempts to block the action.
motif
A recurrent thematic element in an artistic or literary work.
A dominant theme or central idea.
Define: monologue
a speech performed by one character.
Pseudonym
Name author uses instead of his/her real name; nom de plume.
languag ethat appeals to the sense.
SENSORY LANGUAGE
refrain
a phrase or verse recurring at intervals in a song or poem, esp. at the end of each stanza; chorus.
tone
a particular quality, way of sounding, modulation, or intonation of the voice as expressive of some meaning, feeling, spirit, etc.:
comedy of manners
Satirically challenges social customs of a society.
ballad
a narrative poem intented to be sung, depiciting ordinary people in the midst of tragic events of adventures of LOVE AND BRAVERY
verbal irony
occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought
lampoon
a piece of satirical writing or verse ridiculing somebody or something; to use ridicule as a way of satirizing somebody or something in a piece of writing
Usage
In literature, refers to the level of discourse; characteristics of those words that are not standard and require a dictionary label, such as: informal, slang, offensive, cliché, jargon, regional, technical, archaic, obsolete, and chiefly British.
character vs. self
internal conflict, right vs. wrong, honesty vs. deceit
Connotation-
the interpretive level of a word based on it's associated images rather then it's literal meaning.
Comic Relief
the inclusion of humorous scenes or characters in a serious drama
Plot
The series of related events in a story or play, sometimes called the storyline.
style
an evaluation of the sum of the choices an author makes in blending dictiction, syntax, figurative language, and other literary devices
irony
the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually occurs
Metonymy
A figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another which it is related to "scepter" for "sovereignty"
epithet
to point out a characteristic of a poem
Irony-Verbal
Statement that is made to imply the opposite
main idea
the writers principle idea what the story is mmostly about
Define: 1st person
Point of view told from "I"
Tale, Fairy
Fanciful, imaginary story about a hero or heroine overcoming a problem, often involving mystical creatures, supernatural power, or magic; often a type of folktale.
direct characterization
writer tells us directly what the character is like
syllogism
an argument the conclusion of which is supported by two premises, of which one
contrast
to compare in order to show unlikeness or differences; note the opposite natures, purposes, etc., of:
stanza
an arrangement of a certain number of lines in a poem, usually four or more, sometimes having a set length, meter or rhyme scheme
foil
a person or thing that makes another seem better by contrast:
foreshadowing
The use fo clues or hints to suggest events that will occur later in the plot.
fable
a breif story that leads to a moral, often using animals as characters
Round character
has good and bad qualities
can be dynamic or static
Rhyme Scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
narrative technique
The style of telling the "story" even if the passage is nonfiction
cumulative sentence
Loose sentence. The main part is at the begging and the proof is at the end. It is deductive.
dramatic irony
when the reader is aware of an inconsistency between a fictional or nonfictional character's perception of a situation and the truth of that situation
Falling action
all of the action that occurs after the climax. All goes against the protagonist
Roman A Clef
Novel based on actual people and places, but written as fiction instead of fact.
concrete poetry
poetry in which effects are created by the physical arrangement of words in patterns or forms rather than by the use of traditional language structure.
mood
a state or quality of feeling at a particular time:
Objective Point of view
Presents the actions and thoughts of the characters but doesn't judge them or insert opinions.
synecdoche
figure of speech in which a part of an object is used to represent the whole
Epistolary Novel
A novel in letter form written by one or more of the characters.
A hint of what is to come in the story
foreshadowing
STATIC CHARACTER
is one who does not change much in the course of a story.
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