LOM Endocrine System Set 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
spermatozoa
male gametes
-uria
Suffix meaning urine condition
thyroxine
another name for tetraiodothyronine
glucose
another name for sugar
glycosuria
blood in urine condition
iod/o
combined form meaning iodine
parathyroid hormone
What does PTH mean?
posterior lobe
another name for neurohypophysis
Prolactin
What does PRL stand for?
vasopressin
posterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the reabsorption of water by the kidney tubules and increases blood pressure by constricting the arterioles
somat/o
combined form meaning body--starts with "s"
-tropin
Suffix meaning stimulating the function of, to turn, or to act on
goiter
enlargement of the thyroid gland
sex hormones
Androgen and estrogen are _________
growth hormone
anterior pituitary hormone that promotes protein synthesis that results in the growth of bones, muscles, and other tissues--also stimulates liver to make insulin-like growth factor
-agon
Suffix meaning assemble or gather together
phe/o
combined form meaning dusky or dark
cortisone
similar to cortisol and can be prepared synthetically--useful in treating inflammatory conditions
adrenal medulla
inner portion of the adrenal glands
pancreas
organ that has both exocrine and endocrine tissues
thyroid stimulating hormone
What does TSH stand for?
T3, T4, calcitonin
Three hormones secreted by thyroid gland
sympathomimetic
agent that mimics the actions of the sympathetic nervous system
adrenal cortex
outer section of each adrenal gland that secretes cortisol, aldosterone, and sex hormones
Cushing sydrome
group of signs and symptoms produced by excess cortisol from the adrenal cortex
luteinizing hormone
secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, stimulates ovulation in females and testosterone secretion in males
antidiuretic hormone, oxytocin
Two hormones that are produced by the hypothalamus
oxytocin
rapid childbirth
-emia
Suffix meaning blood condition
epinephrine
another name for adrenaline
glycogen
another name for starch
hormon/o
combined form meaning hormone
myx/o
combined form meaning mucus
chrom/o
combined form meaning color
electrolytes
Sodium and potassium are __________
somatropin
What does STH stand for?
hyper-
Prefix meaning excessive or above--starts with "h"
eu-
Prefix meaning good or normal
hypothyroidism
underactivity of the thyroid gland
catecholamines
chemicals derived from amino acids that are secreted by adrenal medulla
FSH, LH
Two gonadtropic hormones that stimulate the growth of eggs int he ovaries, the production of hormones, and ovulation
follicle-stimulating hormone
What does FSH stand for?
adenocorticotropin
anterior pituitary gland hormone that stimulates he growth of the adrenal cortex and increses its secretion of steroid hormones (primarily cortisol)
oxy-
Prefix meaning rapid, sharp, or acid
diabetes mellitus
What does DM stand for?
epinephrine, norepinephrine
Two catecholamines secreted by the adrenal medulla
glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, sex hormones
three coricosteroids secreted by adrenal cortex
testes
two small ovoid glands suspende from the inguinal region of the male by the spermatic cord and surrounded by the scrotal sac--produce spermatozoa and testosterone
hypothalamus
region of the brain under the thalamus and above the pituitary gland, controlling secretions of the pituitary gland by sending hormones to the anterior lobe
androgen
Testosterone is an example of the male hormone _________
parathytroid glands
four small oval bodies located on the dorsal aspect of the thyroid gland
True
T or F: While the normal number is four, some people can have three to five parathyroid glands
thyroid gland
located in the neck on either side of the rachea, secretes thyroxine
/ 53
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online