LSW study test_4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Independent variable
Treatment intervention
Preferred Provider Organization
Object Relations Substages
Object Constancy
Other Therapeutic Communication Skills
Psychological, physiological and behavioral response that is set in motion as result of the experience of emotional stress.
Primitive defense; attributing one's own disowned attitudes, wishes, or feelings to an external object
The psychological isolation that results from overly rigid boundaries around individuals and subsystems in a family
symptoms characteristics of cessation of the specifc drug
symmetrical relationships
eglatarian relationships (equal). roles are mirror imagines. Competiveness
Thoughts, feelings, desires, and memories of which we are unaware
Accepting and accommodating to families in order to win confidence and avoid resistence
Family Drawing
An experiential therapy technique where family members are asked to draw their ideas about how the family is organized
Universal mechanism whereby a person patterns self after significant other
Steady state order necessary for movement
genital pain associated with sexual intercourse
Pair maladaptive behaviors with an imcompatible behavior to eliminate the former.
caffine intoxication
psychomotor agitation, flushed face, diuresis, rambling speech and twitching.
Possseing the same or similar charcteristics
Maximize motivation by ensuring that the materials learned are meaningful to the learner. B. provide immediate feedack. C. foster overlearning. Provide frequent opportunties gor practice. distributed or spaced practice is better than mass practice.
negative reinforcement
application of operant conditioning. It involves removing an aversive stimulus to encrease the probablitity or strengh of a behavior
Autistic disorder
qualitive impairment in social interaction and communication and restricted repetitive and stereoytyped behaviors, interest and activities. Four times common in MALES. Abnormalities are present at after one year of birth.
Adler's personality theory
inferiority feelings, superiority, style of life and social interest are key concepts in Adler's personality theory. According to him people experience inferiority feelings during child hood as a result of real or imagined biological, psychological or social weakness. And superiority is an inhernt tendency toward perfect completion. The style of life is the specific ways that a person chooses to compensate for inferiorty and achieve superiority.
Emotional triangle
Emotional instability experienced by two people brings in a third person to difuse the tension and increase stability. Lower level of differentiation in family members result in emotional triangles
Emotional barriers that protect and enhance the integrity of individuals, subsystems and families
Moral reasoning based on avoiding punishment and to serve one's own needs
Intervening variable
Generally will be "meds" on test
Ambiguous communication
Verbal and nonverbal communication do not give the receiver adequate information upon which to formulate an adequate response
In vivo desensitization
Pairing and movement through hierarchy takes place in "real" setting
Sensate focus
An in vivo desensitization and communication-enhancement procedure used in sex therapy that involves the couple providing each other with pleasurable sensory stimulation through a structured body message (pleasuring)
Mental activities of which we are fully aware
reverse discrimination
described practies designed to protect minority group members that result in discrimination gainst majority group members
Functions of administration
setting agency program. Analyzing social conditions in the community, deciding what programs will be provided. finaces, securing funds. Setting organizational goals and helping to achieve these goals. Make necessary changes in procvess and structure to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of process that contribut to transforming social policy.
pattern of expelling feces into places not appropriate by an individual who is at least four years of age. each month over a t least a three month period. Not due to substance or medical condition
Advisory Board
Comprised of individuals who have particular expertise, their role is to provide information, expert opnion and recommendation to an organization about how its goals can be achieved. THe members may be hired, elected or drafted as volunteers and sometimes include the agency's board of directors.
a person repeatedly engages in a behavior to undo the effects of a past behavior that he or she has found unacceptable. The behavior is the opposite of the unacceptable behavior.
primordial images that cause peple to experience and understand certain phenomena in a universal way.
Premature ejaculation
orgasm and ejaculation iwth minimal sexual stimulation before on or shortly after penetration and before the person desires it
Bulima Nervosa
recurrent episodes of binge eating that is accompanied by a sense of lack of control, inappropriate compensation (binging) and self evaluation influenced by body shape and size
Depersonalization Disorder
one or more episodes of depersonalization which involve a feeling of detachemnt or estrangement from others. Reality testing remains in tact
la belle indifference
lack of conern about symptoms
Complementary relationships
relationships that involve a fit between different roles. Reflect inequality and maximize differnces in communicators
narcisstic personality disorder
pervaisive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration and lack of empathy.
Intervening variable
Generally will be "meds" on test
Mental activities of which we are fully aware
Sensate focus
An in vivo desensitization and communication-enhancement procedure used in sex therapy that involves the couple providing each other with pleasurable sensory stimulation through a structured body message (pleasuring)
Multi-generational Approach (Bowen)
Pathology in current family relationships is seen as unfinished business in family of origin relationships. Problems are fusion among family members and inadequate individuation
A treatment approach in which roles are enacted in a group context. Members of the group recreate their problems in living and devote themselves to the role dilemmas of each member.
Secondary Prevention
To treat symptoms: reduce prevalence by reducing the duration through early detection and intervention
Stages of Group Development
Pre-affiliation (Forming): development of trust
Power and control (Storming): struggle for individual autonomy and group identification
Intimacy (Norming): utilizing self in service of the group
Differentiation (Performing): acceptance of each other as distinct individuals
Separation/termination (Adjourning): independence
Primary Process Thinking
1. Disregards logical connections between ideas
2. Permits contradictions to exist simultaneously
3. Lacks concept of time
4. Wishes are represented as fulfillment
Stimulus-response dilemma
Communication based on the premise that one is simply being reactive to the other therefore is not fully responsible for the communication
Crisis Intervention (Golan)
Process of actively influencing the psychosocial functioning of individuals during a period of disequilibrium. A state of crisis is time limited (usually 6-8 weeks). Brief intervention during a crisis usually provides maximum therapeutic effect. Social Worker is active rather quickly
Object Relations Treatment
Geared to enhancing the self-object differentiation
Rational Emotive Therapy (RET)
A cognitively-oriented therapy in which the therapist seeks to change the client's irrational beliefs by argument, persuasion, and rational re-evaluation, and by teaching the client to counter self-defeating thinking with new, non-distressing self statements.
community organization
seeks to help individuals and groups deal with social problems and improve their social well being through planned collective action. Objectives: help community members achieve social justice and economic and social development and develop their capacity to help themsevls.
reaction formation
anxiety evoking event is avoided by expressing the opposite.
Emotional cut off
dysfunctional methods used by children to free themselves from the emotional ties to their families. They avoid all emotional involvement
management by objective
staff members participate in setting goals. This enhances the staffs commitment to attainment of the goal. Workers are more motivated to achieve goals when they have partcipated in the development therefore, MBO emphasizes the joint determination of goals by supervisor and worker
Genital stage
12+ sexuality becomes becomes focus on mature, genital love and adult sexual satisfaction
When output from systems is put back into the system
Cognitive Approach
Human functioning is seen as the product of reciprocal interaction between personal and environmental variables.
Emphasis is placed on cognitive skills from problem solving.
What a client says to himself influences his behavior and feelings.
Certain thoughts cause certain behaviors and certain behaviors cause certain thoughts.
Medically necessary
Condition must be determined to be "medically necessary" in order for there to be reimbursement
Crisis Intervention (Golan)
Process of actively influencing the psychosocial functioning of individuals during a period of disequilibrium. A state of crisis is time limited (usually 6-8 weeks). Brief intervention during a crisis usually provides maximum therapeutic effect. Social Worker is active rather quickly
Role Conflict
2 or more opposing views on role definition
Isolation of Affect
Unacceptable impulse, idea, or act is separated from its original memory source, thereby removing original emotional charge
nomotetic approach
studying a variety of people to derive general principles about personality and behavior.
Motivating staff and raising moral
participative leadership. staff should be a part of the assessment of the conflict situation and advise ways to resolve it.
Off the job training
Lectures, role playing. provides more opportunties to focus on specfic job elements to provide supplemental information and to use professional trainers and has the sufficient flexible t tolerate errors.
Circular questions
IN milan therapy, used to help family members recognize differences in their perceptions about what is occuring.
dream Analysis.
Free association about the events in a dream to identify it's latent (unconscious content).
Free association
client says what ever comes to their mind first. bassed on the premise that associating with out censure allows the unconscous material to surface into consciousness.
Administration in social work
Includes activites and skills geared toward making staff and processes in an organization operate in a way that achieves its desired goals. It is typically humanistic in nature. Fucntions include planning, organizing, developing resources, budgeting, program evaluation, staff development, interorganizational relations, and management
Demand characteristics
cues in the situation that inform a subject how he is expected to perform in the course of the study and therefore affect his performance.
Acces provision
Actions taken by an agency to ensure that its services are available to the target population. examples include educating the public about the service, establishing convenient referral procedures and having ombudsman services to deal with obstacles to getting the service
Primary sleep disorders
sleep disorders not related to any medical or substance use or mental disorder
Transient tic disorder.
Characterized by a single or multiple motor or vocal tics tha occur repetively over a day's time, most days for a minimum of a four week period and maximum of twelve consecutive motnsh. Individual has never met the critera for tourrette's disorder or chrontic motor or vocal tic disorder.
communication interaction therapy assumption
1. People are always communicating even when they are doing nothing. 2. Communication has a report and command function the report function is the content (informational) aspect of communication and the command function is the nonverbal that portrays the relaships between the communicator. Problems arise when these two are not consistent. 3. Communication patterns are either symettrical or complementary. Symmetrical reflects equality between communicators and may foster competiveness. 4. Principal of equifinity: the result will be the same no matter where the change occurs in the system
Object relations personality Theory.
object relations approach focuses on the processes y which an infant assumes its own physical and psychological. For mahler, development entails the following phases. In the first month of life , the infant is an state of normal autism and is essentially oblivious to the external environment. The symbiotic phase if from the second to the eight month and is fused with its mother and does not differentiate betwee "I" and "not-I"
Development of separation individuation phase is where the development of object relationsihps occurs.
Jung's view of the unconscious
Unconscious is made personal unconscious which contains experiences that were once conscious but now are repressed or forgotten or were unconsciously percieved and the 2) cllective unconscious is latent memory traces that have been passed down from one genration to the next.
object permanence or object concept
key accomplishment of piaget's sensorimotor stage
Case manager
Person at the HMO, PPO, or insurance company that manages the benefits and the providers
Role Conflict
2 or more opposing views on role definition
Isolation of Affect
Unacceptable impulse, idea, or act is separated from its original memory source, thereby removing original emotional charge
Ego Psychology Treatment
Geared to enhancing the effective and efficient functioning of the ego in managing internal and external stress
Psychosocial Approach (Hollis)
People are seen in the context of interactions or transactions with the external world. A formal medical, psychological and social history are obtained, and the diagnosis is based on this history.
Goal of Family Therapy
To interrupt the circular feedback of pathological communication and behaviors, then replace it with a new pattern that will sustain itself without the dysfunctional aspects of the original pattern
Adler's therapy goals and Techniques
adler believes in establishing a collaborative relationship with the client, help the client to identif and understand his style of life and its consequences and reorient the client's beliefs and goals so that they reflect a more adaptive lifestyle.
Medicare and medicaid act. Titles XVIII and XIX of social security act
Established the federal government's role in providing medical services to citizens who are elderly and poor.
Americans with disability act of 1990
Prohibited against discrimination in work place , inhousing and in public accommodations against individuals with disabilities
Gestalt and view of Maladaptive behavior
gestalt therapy considers maladaptive behavior as a Growth disorder. This is when the person abandons the development of self for the self image. It also stems from messed up boundaries between the self and the environment. (disturbance) that interferes with the person's ability to satisfy his or her own needs and thus reach homeostasis. There are four boundary disturbance.
Self Awareness and Self Understanding
Understanding the influence of family of origin
Understanding the influence of current situational factors
Assessing one's self esteem
Assessing one's acceptance of others
Assessing one's assertiveness
Assessing readiness for social work practice
General Systems Theory: Implications for Practice
1. Problems are defined in transactional terms
2. The unit of attention includes the relevant related systems
3. Humans are active, purposeful, goal-seeking organisms whose development and functioning are outcomes of transactions between their genetic potential and their environment
General Systems Theory
Based on the concept of a system as interacting parts contained within a boundary (family system unit)
Based on the assumption that all human living is a problem-solving process. An inability to cope is due to some lack of motivation, capacity or opportunity to solve problems in an appropriate way. Treatment is reality based.
Jung also described personality as consiting of two attitudes and four basic psychological functions these are:
extraversion and introversion and four basic psychological functions, thinking, feeling, sensing and intuiting.
Ego's view on maladaptive behavior
pathology occurs when the ego loses it's autonomy with the id. The behavior is no longer under conscious control.
principle of equifinity
the end result will be the same no matter where in the system the change occurs
Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA):
An extension of the Anova used to increase the efficiency of the analysis by statistically removing variablity in the DV that is due to an extraneous variable.
List at least five characteristic symptoms
preoccupied with details that major point of activity is lost, perfectionism, excessive devotion to work preductivity that excules leisure activites and friendships, overconscientious and inflexible about morality, ethics and values. ubable to discard worn out or orthless objects, reluctant to delgate work to others unless they are willing to do it his way
What is another way of wording positive connotation? How is this useful in milan systemic family therapy?
Positive connotation is like reframing. The therapist explains to the family that they're problematic behavior is resistant to change to preserve the family.
what social workers should ask during psycho social assessment Part II
Health and physical functioning: Because physical health can affect his psychosocial functioning it is important that health information is gathered. SOcial workers should encourage their clients to see a physician for a physical. The social worker should know the client's medical history, hospilization, diseases, whether or not and when he used drugs and how much.
Strategic Family Therapy (Haley/Palo Alto Group)
Presenting problem is viewed as a symptom of and a response to current dysfunction in family interaction.
Object relations view of maladaptive behaviors
Different disorders are the result of abnormailites in early object relations. From Mahlers perspective, different disorders are associated with disturbances and fixation at different stages of development
How does Milan systemic therapy use techniques such as paradoxial directives? how is that different from strategic family therapy?
Milan systemic therapy uses techniques such as paradoxial directives to provide the family information that will provide family with informaiton that will help family members derive solutions to their problems. While Strategic family therapy use the paradoxial techniques to have the family resist the behavior.
What is the purpose of direct social work?
To increase social functioning
To alleviate personal dysfunction
promote social justice
Respondent or Classical Conditioning (Pavlov)
Learning occurs as a result of pairing a stimulus with an involuntary response so that the stimulus eventually elicits the conditioned response
Job training and partnership Act of 1982
Enacted after the elimination of CETA was to increase the government's reliance on private sectors: it provided federal funds to support local private indistry councils under the act, the councils were were to award contracts to job placement agencies and local industries and pay a fee for each person placed in a prviate sector job.
Whats is the primary goal of Jung's Analytical psychotherapy?
To rebridge the gap between the conscious and the personal and collective unconscious. This goal is achieved by interpretations that help the client become familiar with his or her inner world. Dream work is a key component of therapy because it is believed to be how collective unconscious is expressed.
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