Machen Biblical Greek Lesson Vocabulary Grammar Flashcards

Terms Definitions
(conj.) and
I say
δῶρον, -ου, τό
a gift
οἶκος, -ου, ὁ
a house
ἀπόστολος, -ου, ὁ
an apostle
δοῦλος, -ου, ὁ
a slave, a servant
Does Greek have articles?
Greek does not have an indefinite article but it does have a definite article. In Greek sometimes the article is used where it would not be appropriate in English.
What is the neuter definite article?
The neuter nominative singular definite article is τό.
What is the genitive case used for?
The genitive case expresses relationships such as possession, source, and separation. We often find the word "of" useful in rendering the genitive case.
What are characteristics of verbs?
Greek verbs have tense, voice and mood. Some moods have person and number.
What does the active voice indicate?
The active voice represents the subject as acting instead of being acted upon.
Are the accents pronounced differently from one another?
In archaic Greek different accents implied different musical pitches but by our target time period we expect a stress accent.
What is a recessive accent?
Verbs have a recessive accent. The accent will be as far from the end of the word as the accent rules permit.
How is an attributive adjective identified in Greek?
An attributive adjective has an article immediately in front of it.
What does the indicative mood signify?
The indicative mood makes an assertion.
What are important characteristics of Greek nouns?
Greek nouns have gender, number and case.
What are the four cases in Greek?
Greek has four cases: nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative. There is a fifth case, the vocative, used occasionally and readily recognized.
When does a first declension feminine keep the α throughout the singular?
First declension feminine nouns with an ε, ι, or ρ before the α will keep the α throughout the singular.
May Greek word order be varied?
Greek word order is much more flexible than English word order. We must identify the use of words in the sentence by their endings, not their order.
What are the three groups of first declension feminine nouns?
Some first declension feminine nouns have an α in the singular endings. Some have an η. Some have α in the nominative and accusative and an η in the genitive and dative.
Where may a circumflex accent be?
The circumflex can stand only on one of the last two syllables. It can never be on a short syllable.
What are the two positions of adjectives?
Adjectives may be in the attributive position or the predicate position.
What is special about the declension of neuter nouns?
In all neuter nouns of all declensions the accusative of both numbers is like the nominative.
What are the three genders of Greek nouns?
Greek nouns may be masculine, feminine or neuter. In most cases gender is merely a grammatical classification.
What is a verb stem?
The stem of a word is that part which remains constant and to which endings may be added.
Is it necessary to use personal pronouns to indicate person and number in Greek?
It is not necessary to use personal pronouns to indicate person and number in Greek, though Greek does have them and may use them.
What are Greek accents useful for?
Not only does the accent enable us to pronounce words correctly, it also often helps identifying forms.
What is an example of an attributive adjective?
In the phrase "the good word" the adjective is attributive.
How is the present stem of a verb located?
The present stem is obtained by removing the final ω from the form given in the vocabulary.
What is the last syllable of the word?
The last syllable of a Greek word is the ultima.
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