Machen Biblical Greek Lesson Vocabulary Grammar 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
ἔχω
I have
γράφω
I write
ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ
brother
λόγος, -ου, ὁ
a word
λύω
I loose, I destroy
What is the neuter definite article?
The neuter nominative singular definite article is τό.
ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
a man, a person, a human being; (plur.) men, people
Is the noun accent recessive?
Noun accents are persistent. They remain on the same syllable as in the nominative singular as long as general accent rules permit.
What is a substantive adjective?
A substantive adjective is an adjective which is used as though it is a noun.
What is the dative case used for?
The dative case expresses relationships such as instrumentality, location, or reception. It is the case of the indirect object of a verb. We often find the words "to" or "for" useful in rendering the dative case.
What does the indicative mood signify?
The indicative mood makes an assertion.
What are characteristics of verbs?
Greek verbs have tense, voice and mood. Some moods have person and number.
What is a recessive accent?
Verbs have a recessive accent. The accent will be as far from the end of the word as the accent rules permit.
What are the four cases in Greek?
Greek has four cases: nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative. There is a fifth case, the vocative, used occasionally and readily recognized.
How is a predicate adjective identified in Greek?
A predicate adjective in Greek does not have an article immediately before the adjective.
What is a proclitic?
A proclitic is a word that goes so closely with the following word as to have no accent of its own.
Is the present tense linear?
The present tense is part of the progressive tense system but it can also serve as a simple present.
What are the numbers of Greek nouns?
Greek nouns have two numbers: singular and plural.
What is normal Greek word order?
The normal order of the sentence in Koine Greek is like that in English.
What accent appears in the genitive and dative of 2nd declension nouns accented on the ultima?
In the second declension, if the ultima is accented, it has a circumflex in the genitive and dative but an acute in the nominative and accusative.
How is a long syllable identified?
Syllables containing a long vowel or a diphthong are long.
What word must agree with the subject in number?
The subject and verb agree in number.
Where may a grave accent be?
The grave accent can stand only on the last syllable.
What is the accusative case used for?
The accusative case is used for the direct object of a verb.
How does an adjective agree with its noun?
Adjectives agree with the nouns they modify in gender, number and case but not necessarily ending.
What is the nominative case used for?
The nominative case is used for the subject of a sentence.
Is it necessary to use personal pronouns to indicate person and number in Greek?
It is not necessary to use personal pronouns to indicate person and number in Greek, though Greek does have them and may use them.
Does the α or η in the nominative singular generally indicate the feminine?
All nouns of the first declension ending in α or η are feminine, and conversely all feminine nouns of the first declension end in α or η.
How is the present stem of a verb located?
The present stem is obtained by removing the final ω from the form given in the vocabulary.
How is the gender of a Greek noun identified?
Recognize the gender of a Greek noun from the definite article. The nominative singular ending is not always reliable.
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