Manifest destiny Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Poor farmers
fertile soil
Mountain men
trap and trade
1848
Congress organized Oregon territory
Missionaries
convert North America to Christianity
Guerilla
Battle Tactice (Warfare) uses irregular forces- Usually to over whelm an big power (our independence)
- The rough riders were a group who practices gureilla warfare
Nationalist
rebels fighting against government
- When cuba revolted a second time the Spanard refered to the rebels as Nationalists; because they saught freedom from Spain
Jingoes
Extreme Partiots who advocate an agressive foreign policy
- In the abasster of Spain's letter he said that Mckinely was "on good terms with the jingoes"
Colonies
groups of population in different sections
- Wehn the U.S. wanted to split up Lation America into colonies
Migration
changed the lives of Native Americans forever but improved communities in the West
Telegraph
machine invented by Samuel Morse in 1837 that used a system of dots and dashes to send messages across long distances electronically through a wire
Oregon trail
2,000 mile trio from Independence, Missouri to Willamette Valley, Oregon
Intervention
To get involves
- The intervention of Chilles and Brazil
Grover Cleveland
incoming president who withdrew a treat between U.S. and Hawaii
- Hawaii and U.S. had a treaty before Grover Cleveland with drew it
Mormon trail
In 1847, about 1,600 Mormons followed part of the Oregon Trail to Utah. They built a settlement by the Great Salt Lake.
Brigham Young
United States religious leader of the Mormon Church after the assassination of Joseph Smith
Debt Burden
Cost of servicing debt
- The country's had a debt burden
Truce
an agreement
- When Spain annoced a true with the U.S. to try and avoid war
Spheres of influence
outside powers- influence over another country
- The Sphere of influence was passed to the United States
Self- government
a country govern it-self without being over rules by another country
- After Cuba revolted against Spain. and lost, Spain let Cuba have a limited amount of Self-government
Elites
High social class or wasps
- When cahnges in immigration and industry chase America life/values in which the elites did'nt like
Economic foudations
The rules that put together a country's economy
- When Cuba was revolting the commander of nationalists, Masimi Gamez use a tactise to Shake economic foundations of Spanish rule
Inflation
increase in price
- The amount of money supplies would cave drastic inflation
Dr. Marcus Whitman
missionary to the Cayuse Indians to make it safer for pioneers. Brutally murdered under false suspicions
Tariffs
High Taxes
- Tariffs were set to try to protext factories in other nations
Trade surplus
Exports more than imports
- The U.S. leader force trade surplus to be cucial to america's prospert
Treaty
An Agreement
- When Havii and U.S. came up with a treaty when U.S. marines took over Havii's queen.
Gold Rush
a large migration of people to a newly discovered gold field (1849)
William McKinley
He was against the war for Spain and favored a settlement peacefully
- Even through Cuba's events McKinely wanted peace
rendezvous
a meeting
Archipelago
a chain of islands
Annex
to build or add onto
*what nation welcomed settlers from the US after winning it's independence from spain?
mexico
Sam Houston
United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States (1793-1863), First president of the Republic of Texas
Occupiers
people who engage or employ the attention of others
James Marshall
Discovered gold in California while building a sawmill for John Sutter.
When the war ended California became our most populous state due to what discovery at Sutter's Mill?
Gold
when was the louisiana territory added to the united states?
1803
who was santa anna?
led the mexican army
Forty-niner
a person who went to California in 1849 to find gold
Bear Flag Republic
Nickname for California after it declared independance form Mexico in 1846.
Territories
any tract of land; a region or district
William Travis
(1809-1836) Leader of the Texas forces at the Alamo.
Californio
A person who lived in California and was from Spanish or Mexican descendant.
Which state succeded from the Union after Lincoln was elected but before he took office?
South Carolina
when was texas annexed into the united states?
1845
why did some northerners oppose the annexation of texas?
more slavery
John Sutter
Owner of the mill where gold was discovered that helped start the California Gold Rush
Manifest Destiny
the belief that the United States was destined to stretch across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
Population Growth
increase in the number of people who live in a place
James K. Polk
President in March 1845. wanted to settle Oregon boundary dispute with Britain. wanted to acquire California. wanted to incorporate Texas into union.
who was the leader of american troops in central mexico?
winfield scot
what path did settlers take to the oregon country?
oregon trail
what did the united states insist was the border between the us and mexico?
rio grande
when was texas added to the union?
1845- 28th state
who advised president monroe to tell spain to "govern or get out"?
john quincy adams
who is joseph smith ?
founder of the mormons .
What was the idea of a Transcontinental Nation?
Politically connected institutions, different nations coming together in a federal system of the US. It was established in reaction to different types of European affairs. Open ambition of families with little or no wealth - being able to take care of their own families.
Mexican Cession
1848. Awarded as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo after the Mexican American War. U.S. paid $15 million for 525,000 square miles.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty that ended the Mexican War, granting the U.S. control of Texas, New Mexico, and California in exchange for $15 million
Mariano Vallejo
A californio who was a member of one of the oldest Spanish families in America, he owned 250,000 acres of land
what was the main purpose of the santa fe trail?
commercial trade
what did mexico claim to be the border between mexico and texas?
nueces river
what young officer did general scott rely on to scout the enemy ?
robert e. lee .
what was zachary taylors nickname ?
old rough & ready .
Who was General Santa Anna?
Mexican general that wanted to force settlers to stop coming to Texas.
Battle of the Alamo
1836 attack on the Alamo mission in San Antonio by Mexican forces during the Texas revolution.
what did mexico lose when they lost the war with the united states?
part of texas territory
name 3 famous americans opposed to mexican war.
abraham lincoln, frederick douglas, henry david thoreau
what was the line of latitude USA & Britain agreed on the Oregon country ?
49 degrees north
Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana
Mexican general who tried to crush the Texas revolt and who lost battles to Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War (1795-1876)
what was the incentive for settlers to travel oregon country?
wanted to have more land
what was the major obstacle to the american annexation of texas in 1836?
slavery and fear of war
What other issue did the Guadalupe Hidalgo treaty present?
It gave California the ability to create its own state, The Republic of California. However, the term republic meant, that it would mean an own identity which would ensure an uneasy relationship between the central government of the US. California thought to be different than Washington DC.
what did santa anna do when he took office that left the texans feeling betrayed?
put stephen austin in jail
what are the mormons beliefs ?
1. property should be held in common (no personal ownership)
2. polygamy (more that one spouse)
3. no slavery .
How many people emigrated to these regions?
between 1841 and 1847, about 350 000 people came to these regions - women, children and men made the extremely difficult journey in desperation and in hope for a new life
what was a reason why tejanos resented the Americans settling in texas?
the werent following the rules they agreed to follow
What was the main topic in the Presidential Election of 1844?
The country was divided on the Texas question. The scent of Civil War was in the air.
What did the Cali Gold Rush in 1848 mean for the settlers?
People wanted to go to California and profit from the Gold Rush. There was a way along the coast, which was long, expensive and dangerous.
define "annex"
to accept
immigrant
to enter a country
Anglo-Saxons
native or inhabitant of England
Calvary Regiment
army unit with transportation
President Polk believed in the Manifest Destiny and threatened who?
Britain
what does "manifest destiny" mean?
obvious fate
Jim Beckwourth
Mountain man along with Jedidiah Smith. Famous as a rugged loner
Partition
a separation of 2 or more things
Zachary Taylor
General in the Mexican-American War and 12th president of the United States. Sent by president Polk to lead the American Army against Mexico at Rio Grande, but defeated.
Who wrote Uncle Tom's cabin?
Harriet Beecher Stowe
what was the bear flag republic?
california's flag
who was "old, rough, and ready"?
zachary taylor
what missourian originally made the deal with mexico to bring mexicans to texas ?
moses austin
Mormon
Members of the Church of Jesus Christ who went west to spread the word.
California Gold Rush
1849 (San Francisco 49ers) Gold discovered in California attracted a rush of people all over the country to San Francisco.
Where were the official first shots fired for the Civil War?
Fort Sumter
What did United States grant Mexico when they cedes hundreds of thousands of acres of western land to the U.S. ?
$15 million
"...invaded our territory and shed american blood on american soil"
James K. Polk
who coined the phrase "manifest destiny"?
john o' sullivan
what were the first 300 american families that moved to texas called ?
old 300
War with Mexico
Occurred due to annexation of Texas. US won. Got California, Nevada, Utah, NM, Arizona and Texas.
Jedediah Smith
Mountain man; first white man to enter California by land; discovered the South Pass, a wagon route from Wyoming to Oregon
There were people opposed to the annexing of Texas. What did they fear it would lead to?
War with Mexico
who was sent by president polk to offer to buy parts of new mexico and arizona?
john slidell
who was the commander of the texas revolutionary army?
sam houston
where did the gold rush begin ?
sutter's mill .
Who was John O'Sullivan?
a newspaper writer in 1845, who symbolized the Zeitgeist of the time. Who wrote a cohesive narrative about what's gonna happen in the 1840's, 50's
Lone Star Republic
Name of Texas before annexed to the United States when Texas was its own country.
land speculator
person who buys up large areas of land in the hope of selling them later for a profit.
Interest Rates
price a borrower pays for the use of money they borrow from a lender
Mountain Man
a fur trapper and trader who lived in the mountains and knew the wilderness
Why did the Compromise of 1850 please the northerners?
Granted California statehood
what was the name of the purchase from mexico that completed the area of the 48 states?
gadsden purchase
*what river was the base of most land claims in oregon country in the early 1800s?
mississippi river
during which battle was santa anna captured?
battle of san jacinto
who was the commander and chief of the texas forces?
William Travis
what city did the mormons find ?
salt lake city .
how much does the war cost ?
100 million dollars .
Who was Stephen Austin?
Part of the Texan elites, who wanted to be a part of the US. He did not care about slavery, he wanted to be an American citizen.
what was the first battle of the texas revolution?
battle of gonzalez
where was the first fight of the texan revolution?
san antonio texas
what two mountain men founded the south pass ?
robert stuart & jedediah smith
Who were the Great Plains Indians?
A society of Native Americans. About 300 000 Native Americans lived in about 200 tribes. Wide variety of cultures, peaceful but also hostile.
What was President Lincoln's position on slavery?
He did not want it to expand
why were many americans persuaded to settle in oregon country?
more farmland, more room, free land
what four rules did the americans agree on in order to move to texas ?
a. learn spanish
b. become catholic
c. become a mexican citizen
d. obey all laws including no slavery
What did the Manifest Destiny justify?
The US had the inherent natural right to expand and take territories.
what does the treaty of guadeloupe-hidalgo say ?
U.S pays $15 million for half of mexico & mexico gives up claims on texas
What happened in the Battle of Alama in 1836?
General Santa Anna was captured. He then bought his freedom by signing a treaty that recognized the independence of Texas, making Texas the Republic of Texas, which allowed slavery and banned free African Americans.
What was the result of the Mexican American War?
The war was over really quickly, the US won.
what is the mormon trek to utah ?
new york to ohio, ohio to missouri, missouri to illinois, illinois to utah .
what were the terms of the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo?
us paid $15 million, agreed to pay american debts to mexico, promise to protect borders
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