Marriage and Family Flashcards

partner
Terms Definitions
M
mother
Polygamy
preferred marital arrangement worldwide, having 2 or more spouses
marianismo
stresses women’s roles as self-sacrificing mothers suffering for their children and subordinating themselves to men
menopause
the cessation of ovulation, menstruation, and fertility in the woman,  Usually occurs between 46 and 51.
internal warfare
Warfare between closely situated villages or communities.
What shape represents a female?
a circle
self-revelation
disclosure of intimate feelings, may depend on more than the presence or absence of rapport
Socialization
acquiring skills necessary to survive as an individual and as member of society.  It can be positive or negative.
Values
Partners weigh each other's basic values seeking compatibility
The process by which society influences members to internalize attitudes and expectations is called:
socialization
In Miller’s typology of Native American families, __________ families have lostIndian culture and are becoming assimilated to the white working class.
trasitional
single-parent family
Family consisting of one parent (either mother or father) and her or his children.
endogamy
a rule requiring marriage within a specified social or kinship group
matrilineal
rights and property descended form the mother
proximity
nearness, in terms of physical space, time, and so on
passive-congenial marriages
relationships that begin without the emotional “spark” or intensity contained in our romantic idealizations of marriage
Edometriosis
the tissue that forms in the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) spreads outside the womb and attaches itself to other organs
Assertiveness
A person's ability to express his/her feelings & desires to a partner
machismo
an emphasis on male strength, high sexuality, and dominance
Nanny
An in-home child-care worker who cares for a family's children either on a live-in basis or by the day.
.__________ have a tradition of informal marriage.
Puerto Ricans
ghost marriage
Marriage practice among the Nuer of Sudan in which a widow marries her dead husband's brother and in which the children ensuing from the second marriage are said to be the children of the first, dead husband.
dowry
money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage
polyandry
marriage form in which a woman has more than one husband at a time.
sororate
the practice of a woman marrying the husband of her deceased sister
Reactive jealousy
occurs when a partner reveals a current, past, or anticipated relationship with another person; more intense and basic trust is questioned
mental labor
the process of worrying about the baby, seeking and processing information about infants and their needs, and managing division of infant care in the househould
Tubal Ligation
a procedure by which a woman's fallopian tubes are tied off or cut and tied preventing passage of the egg
Extended Family
includes not only your nuclear family but other relatives as well (grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins)
Work Spillover
The effect that work has on individuals and families, absorbing their time and energy- links our home lives to our workplace
opting out
A woman's leaving the labor forace, perm. or temp., in order to devote full time to child-raising.
serial monogamy
most common for of marriage in U.S. one marriage, one relationship after another, a series of partners
preferential cousin marriage
a preferred form of marriage between either parallel or cross cousins
separation distress
when a marriage breaks ; the distress is real, results from absence of one’s spouse, fortunately, does not last forever; almost all attention is centered on the missing partner and is accompanied by the apprehensiveness, anxiety, fear and often panic
self-disclosure
the sharing of both the facts of our lives and our deeper feelings
Cohabitation 
a man and woman living together in an intimate relationship without being legally married
Partner dominance
The degree to which a person feels his/her partner tries to be controlling & dominant in their relationship
sequencing mom
A mother who chooses to leave paid employment in order to spend some years at home raising children, but who plans to return to work eventually.
One hypothesis which is replacing the usual assumption of gender differences “holdsthat males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables”. Thistheory is called the:
Gender simularities hypothesis
ambilocal (bilocal) residence
the practice of a newly married couple taking up residence with either the husband's or the wife's parents
Family of Procreation
the family a person forms later by marrying and having or adopting children
Double standard of aging
The devaluation of women in contrast to men in terms of attractiveness as they age
mothering approach to child care
A family's childcare arrangment that gives preference to the mother's caregiving role.
Barriers to marriage for low-income unmarried couples with children include all except
Concerns about relationship with new in-laws
Among American Indians, compare cohabitation versus marriage.
More couples cohabitate and less marry than U.S. average
Equality in Housework in Traditional Marriages
Average woman does 3x more housework than the average married man
parenting approach to child care
Child care is shared by the parents on as equal a basis as possible.
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