Mckay AP Euro Flashcards

Upper middle class
Terms Definitions
materialism
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Chaucer
wrote canterbury tales
Dante
Wrote the divine comedies
Miguel de Cervantes
Wrote Don Quixote
Michel de Montaigne
Wrote the Essay
Bourgoise
The French upper middle class
Miner
Occupation of Matin Luthers' Father
John Knox
Brought Calvinism into Scotland
Bauhaus
German interdisciplinary school of fine & applied arts that brought together many leading modern architects, designers, & theatrical innovators
Queen Elizabeth
Created the Elizabethan Settlement, which allowed for outward conformity to the Anglican Church but alowed for home practices of the peoples religion of choosing
Jean-Babtiste Colbert
Created French Mercantilism (export more and import less)
Jesuits
A society that preached Christianity, was started by Ignatious Loyla
Calvinism
believed in predestination, that God was all knowing and it became the dominant theological credo of the Puritans
Habsburg-Valois wars
Intermittent fighting between France and the Italian states
Killing Nurses
Nurses that kill the child
Fredrick I
The Great Elector of Brandenburg
Adam Smith
Creator of the modern government
Watt
Produced a more efficient steam engine
Francois Rabelais
Believed that institutions molded individuals and that education was the key to moral life.
FDIC (1933)
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; FDR formed this to protect people from bank failures
Existentialism
highly diverse & contradictory system of thought that was loosely united in a courageous search for moral values in a world of terror & uncertainty (thus highlighting the age of anxiety); shattered beliefs in God, reason, & progress
Guilds
Craftsmen ordered in to them? under Colberts' reign
Cossacks
Group of Eastern European people who escaped the Kings reign
The stamp acts
Taxes on many American goods
Robert Owen
Man who Created the first union
John Wycliff
Believed that the scriptures alone should dictate Christian belief
Hermandades
Spanish police force that curbed the rebellious aristocracy
Thomas More
Author of Utopia. believed that society, not people, needed improving. Believed in a socialistic society based on common ownership and social equality. Christian humanist
The Courtier
Castiglione. Treatise sought to train, discipline, and fashion the young man into the courtly ideal, the gentleman.
Cubism
Created by Pablo Picasso, an art movement that concentrated on geometry of zigzagging lines, sharp angles, & overlapping lines
Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980)
Fr. extistentialist; thought human beings simply existed & that they are alone, in despair, & focus on the meaninglessness of life as there isn't a god
"Ulysses" (1922)
By James Joyce (1822-1941, Irish) writtenabout a hero wandering through Dublin & Homer's Ulysses coming home from Troy; is intended to mirror lie as a gigantic riddle (it disobeyed fgrammer, used random info, & was utterly confusing)
Vernacular Literature
language spoken in their own regions, such as Italian, German, of French then put into writing
Joan of Arc
French heroine and military leader inspired by religious visions to organize French resistance to the English and to have Charles VII crowned king during the 100 years war
Donetello
The Sculptor who led the way before Michelangelo
St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
A slaughtering of French Huguenots
Council of Trent
Council Called to reform the church
John Locke
Wrote the "Second Treatise of Civil Government" and believed in natural rights
Spanish conversos
Jews who had converted to being financiers and professionals but were still disliked and distrusted.
Little Entente (1921)
Alliance of Czechoslovakia, Romania, & Yugoslavia to prevent Austria & Hungary from gaining what they'd lost in WWI
Franz Kafka (1883-1924)
German-Jewish writer who wrote novels potraying helpless people crushed by hostile forces; "The Trial" (1925)" & The Castle" (1926)
Service Nobility
Nobility that held land for the Tsars specific use
Factory Acts of 1833
Limited factory workdays for children between 9-13 to 10 hours a day
Cardinal Marizan
Prime Minister to King Louis XIV, who increased royal revenues
Niccolo Machiavelli
Wrote the Prince, about how a prince should gain, maintain, and increase political power.
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)
Ger. philosopher; son of a Lutheran minister but rejected Christianity, proclaiming "God is dead"; viewed conventional morality (reason, democracy, progress, respectablity) as hindering self-realization & excellence
Ruhr Occupation (1923)
Jan 1923; When Ger. refused to continue paying war reparations; Led by Fr. Prime Minister Raymond Poincare, Fr. & Belgian troops move from the Rhineland to the Ruhr district, creating "the most serious international crisis of the 1920s", causing passive resistance by the Germans, in turn causing the French to seal off the area, & barely preventing the people from starvation
Raison detat
The law that allowed for any action to be justified by "doing it for the state"
Charles VIII of France
Inaugurated a new period in Italian and European power politics. Italy became the focus of international ambitions and the battleground of foreign armies.
Kellog-Briand Pact (1928)
Aug 27, 1928; "Pact of Paris"; created by Frank B. Kellog (US) & Aristide Briand (Fr); prohibited war as a national policy except in matters of self-defense
The Greath Schism
When there was more than one pope in Europe
Louis XI of France
Expanded the French state and laid the foundations of later French absolutism. Interested in machiavelli's principles.
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
1935; Part of the New Deal; employed one-fifth of the entire labor force at some point in the 1930s, constructing public buildings, bridges, & highways
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes
THousands of Huguenots had to emigrate because of this revocation
National Recovery Administration (NRA)
FDR's attempt to control & plan the US economy by reducing competition & fixing wages/prices; failed! & declared unconstitutional (1935)
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