Medic Module Flashcards

Terms Definitions
COCCYX (KOK-siks):
blood clot.
small vein.
ADENOIDECTOMY (ah-deh-noyd-EK-to-me):
removal of adenoids.
APPENDECTOMY (ap-en-DEK-to-me):
removal of the appendix.
pain in a joint.
inflammation of a joint.
ESOPHAGEAL (e-sof-ah-JE-al):
pertaining to the esophagus
DERMATITIS (der-mah-TI-tis):
inflammation of the skin.
CRANIOTOMY (kra-ne-OT-o-me):
incision into the skull.
incision of the stomach.
TRACHEOTOMY (tray-ke-OT-o-me):
incision into the trachea.
CHOLECYSTECTOMY (ko-le-sis-TEK-to-me):
removal of the gallbladder.
CEPHALIC (seh-FAL-ik):
pertaining to the head.
OSTEITIS (os-te-I-tis):
inflammation of a bone.
VASCULITIS (vas-ku-LI-tis):
inflammation of blood vessels.
MYOMA (mi-O-mah):
tumor (benign) of muscle.
PANCREATITIS (pan-kre-ah-TI-tis):
inflammation of the pancreas.
PANCREATECTOMY (pan-kre-ah-TEK-to-me):
removal of the pancreas.
Name this Heart Rhythm
Sinus Dysrhythmias
EXTRAHEPATIC (eks-tra-heh-PAT-ik):
pertaining to outside the liver.
COCCYGEAL (kok-sih-JE-al):
pertaining to the tailbone (coccyx).
TACHYCARDIA (tak-eh-KAR-de-ah):
condition of fast, rapid heartbeat.
DYSPNEA (disp-NE-ah):
painful (labored, difficult) breathing (-PNEA).
CREATININE (kre-AT-tih-nin):
nitrogen-containing waste that is removed from the blood by the kidney and excreted in urine.
LYMPHADENOPATHY (lim-fad-eh-NOP-ah-the):
disease of lymph nodes (glands).
CAPILLARY (KAP-il-lar-e):
smallest blood vessel (pl. capillaries).
MASTECTOMY (mas-TEK-to-me):
removal (excision) of the breast.
URETERECTOMY (r-re-ter-EK-to-me):
removal (excision) of a ureter.
abnormal protrusion of eyeballs; usually caused by HYPERTHYROIDISM.
UREA (u-RE-ah):
chief nitrogen-containing waste that the kidney removes from the blood and eliminates from the body in urine.
MAMMOPLASTY (MAM-o-plas-te):
surgical repair (reconstruction) of the breast.
MENINGITIS (men-in-JI-tis):
inflammation of the meninges (membranes around the brain and spinal cord).
SARCOMA (sar-KO-mah):
cancerous (malignant) tumor of connective tissue, such as bone, muscle, fat, or cartilage.
INTRAUTERINE (in-trah-U-ter-in):
pertaining to within the uterus.
Junctional Rhythyms (AV Blocks) cause your patient
connective tissue that contracts to make movement possible.
LEUKEMIA (lu-KE-me-ah):
excess numbers of malignant white blood cells in blood and bone marrow.
PENIS (PE-nis):
external male organ containing the urethra, through which both urine and semen (sperm cells and fluid) leave the body.
SALPINGECTOMY (sal-pin-JEK-to-me):
removal of a fallopian (uterine) tube.
SALPINGITIS (sal-pin-JI-tis):
inflammation of a fallopian (uterine) tube.
lessening of symptoms of a disease.
pertaining to under the shoulder bone.
a group of cells that secrete chemicals to the outside of the body (EXOCRINE GLANDS) or directly into the bloodstream (ENDOCRINE GLANDS
specialist in the treatment of diseases of old age.
specialist in diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases.
LARYNGEAL (lah-rin-JE-al):
pertaining to the larynx (voice box).
AXILLARY (AKS-ih-lar-e):
pertaining to the armpit or underarm.
ANTIHYPERTENSIVE (an-ti-hi-per-TEN-siv):
drug that reduces high blood pressure.
an irregularity; deviation from the normal. A congenital anomaly (irregularity) is present at birth.
PNEUMONITIS (noo-mo-NI-tis):
inflammation of a lung or lungs.
double membrane that surrounds the lungs.
ABDOMEN (AB-do-men):
space below the chest, containing organs such as the stomach, liver, intestines, and gallbladder. Also called the abdominal cavity, the abdomen lies between the diaphragm and the pelvis (hip bone).
VIRUS (VI-rus):
small infectious agent that can reproduce itself only when it is inside another living cell (host).
drug that narrows blood vessels, especially small arteries.
VARIX (VAH-riks):
enlarged, swollen, tortuous vein; pl. varices (VAH-ri-sez).
During the QRS complex, the ventricles have done w
Name this heart rhythm?
(A-Fib) Atrial Fibrillation
ANESTHESIOLOGY (an-es-the-ze-OL-o-je):
study of how to administer agents capable of bringing about loss of sensation and consciousness.
hernia (protrusion) of the rectum into the vagina.
VEIN (van):
blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart from tissues of the body.
return of disease after its apparent termination.
ARTHROCENTESIS (ar-thro-sen-TE-sis):
surgical puncture to remove fluid from a joint.
MOUTH (mowth):
the opening that forms the beginning of the digestive system.
PROTEINURIA (pro-en-U-re-ah):
abnormal condition of protein in the urine (albuminuria).
ENDOSCOPY (en-DOS-ko-pe):
process of viewing the inside of hollow organs or cavities by using an endoscope.
area of dead tissue caused by decreased blood flow to that part of the body
HYPOTHYROIDISM (hi-po-THI-royd-izm):
lower than normal activity of the thyroid glan, inadequate secretion of thyroid hormone.
a growth or mass (benign) protruding from a mucous membrane, and hemoglobin level is elevated.
pertaining to the bedside or clinic; involving patient care.
HYPERTROPHY (hi-PER-tro-fe):
enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part of the body due to an increase in size of individual cells.
yellow discoloration of the skin and other tissues. A symptom caused by accumulation of BILIRUBIN (pigment) in the blood.
BONE (b6n):
hard, rigid type of connective tissue that makes up most of the skeleton. It is composed of calcium salts.
LAPAROTOMY (lap-ah-ROT-o-me):
incision into the abdomen. A surgeon makes an incision into the abdominal cavity to examine and operate on its organs.
Asystole on the Isoelectric line reflects what typ
No electrical activity
Atropine does not increase the HR directly, it in
cell in the blood that aids clotting; thrombocyte.
lymphatic tissue in the back of the mouth near the throat.
set of symptoms and signs of disease that occur together to indicate a disease condition.
PINEAL GLAND (pi-NE-al gland):
small endocrine gland within the brain; secretes a hormone, melatonin, whose exact function is unclear. In lower animals it is a receptor for light.
chemical made by a gland and sent directly into the bloodstream, not to the outside of the body. ENDOCRINE GLANDS produce hormones.
BALANITIS (bah-lah-NI-tis):
inflammation of the skin of the glans penis.
HYPOTENSIVE (hi-po-TEN-siv):
pertaining to low blood pressure or to a person with abnormally low blood pressure.
ANGIOPLASTY (AN-je-o-plas-te):
surgical repair of a blood vessel. A tube (catheter) is placed in a clogged artery and a balloon in the end of the tube is inflated to flatten the clogged material against the wall of the artery. This enlarges the diameter of the artery so that more blood can pass through. Also called balloon angioplasty.
DIURETICS (di-u-RET-iks):
drugs that cause kidneys to allow more fluid (as urine) to leave the body; used to treat HYPERTENSION. DI- (from DIA-) means "complete" and UR- means urine.
COLOSTOMY (ko-LOS-to-me): 
artificial opening of the colon to the outside of the body.
soft, sponge-like material in the inner part of bones. Blood cells are made in the bone marrow.
ADNEXA UTERI (ad-NEKS-ah U-ter-i):
accessory structures of the uterus (ovaries, and fallopian tubes).
organ in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen; produces BILE, stores sugar, and produces blood clotting proteins.
pertaining to the loins; part of the back and sides between the chest and the hip.
During which complex is the only time you mechanic
QRS Complex
All sinus rhythms and normal P waves originate fro
SA node
ADRENAL GLANDS (ah-DRE-nal glanz):
two endocrine glands, each above a kidney. The adrenal glands produce hormones such as adrenalin (epinephrine) and hydrocortisone (cortisol).
CESAREAN SECTION (seh-ZAR-re-an SEK-shun):
surgical incision into the uterus to remove the fetus at birth.
ULNA (UL-nah):
one of two lower arm bones; on the little finger side of the hand.
space that contains the spinal cord and is surrounded by the backbones.
OVARIAN CYST (o-VAR-e-an sist):
a sac containing fluid or semi-solid material in or on the ovary.
central section of the kidney, where urine collects.
DIABETES MELLITUS (di-ah-BE-tez MEL-Ii-tus):
disorder marked by deficient or lack of INSULIN in the blood. This causes sugar to remain in the blood rather than entering cells. Named from a Greek word meaning "siphon," through which water passes easily, one symptom of diabetes is frequent urination (polyuria). Type I or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus often affects children and requires injections of insulin. Type II or noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus occurs when insulin is not adequately or appropriately secreted. Type II diabetes has a tendency to develop later in life (adult-onset).
one of two paired male sex organs in the scrotal sac. The testes (pl.) produce sperm cells and male hormone (testosterone); also called a testicle.
a backbone in the region between the chest and lower back.
tiny blood vessels that lie near cells and through whose walls gasses, food, and waste materials pass.
muscular sac that holds urine and then releases it to leave the body through the urethra.
the space surrounded by the skull and containing the brain.
EPIDURAL HEMATOMA (ep-ih-DUR-al he-mah-TO-mah):
mass of blood above the dura mater (outermost layer of membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord).
The ECG is a graphic record of what?
The heart's electrical activity
VAS DEFERENS (vas DEHF-or-enz):
one of two tubes that carry sperm from the testes to the urethra for ejaculation.
one of two tubes that carry air from the windpipe to the lungs. Also called a bronchus (pl. bronchi).
Describe what can happen during"relative&quot
Cemicals are present on both sides of the cell, wh
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