Medical 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
multi-
many
hemi-
half
meg(a)-, megal(o)
large
mal-
bad; inadequate
per-
through, intensely
pan-, pant(o)-
all, entire
Heterograft
Animal to human
GB
One BILLION bytes
ex-
out of, away from
Homograft
One person to another
Wilhelm Von Roentgen
Discovered x-rays
What is amblyopia?
Lazy eye
Trephining
Cutting out a circular section
Dictation
spoken words, recorded voice communication
Hematology/Hematologist
Treats disorders of the blood
Common law is established:
through court decision
A healthcare organization covered under HIPAA regulations is a :
covered entity
Peripheral
Anything you plug into a computer
Proofreading
Looking over something and correcting errors
What do lacrimal glands do?
Secrete tears
emetic
causing vomiting, as a medicinal substance.
The intentional killing of the terminally ill person is called:
active euthanasia
Dr. James Simpson
Used Chloroform as an anesthetic
Exorcism
The act of expelling an evil spirit
What is otitis media?
Infection of middle ear
If the cones are damaged, what condition results?
Colorblindness
A civil injury or wrongful act committed against another person or property that results in harm and is compensated by money damages is:
tort law
Exceptions to obtaining consent may include:
commonly known risks
Important to answer the phone by the ____ ring
3rd
6 Items that disable/handicapped people are guaranteed too:
1.Exit/enter buildings2.Reach door handles to open and close doors3.Travel from floor to floor4.Proceed through hallways and doorways5.Use phones, drinking fountains & restrooms6.Do anything the general pop. is free to do.
What is thrombophlebitis?
Inflammation of the vein accompanied by a clot
At what angle is an intramuscular injection given?
90 degree
cyanosis
blueness or lividness of the skin, as from imperfectly oxygenated blood.
Which definition most accurately describes applied ethics?
practical application of moral standards that concern benefiting the patient
4 Emergency phone numbers that should be posted?
911PoliceFire Dept.Hospital Addmitting
What are V Codes?
Codes referring to factors influencing health status but dont state a definete diagnosis such as an annual exam.
What is astigmatism?
Blurry vision caused by the cornea being abnormally shaped
What is the choroid?
Layer containing blood vessels below the sclera which prevents light from reflecting in the eye
Which Title of HIPAA most affects confidentiality issues for healthcare providers?
Title II: Administrative Simplification
Is it wrong to leave a caller on hold forever?
YES
What is myopia?
When images are focused in the front of the retina allowing the eye to see things near/nearsightedness
Viatical settlements allow terminally ill persons to:
obtain money from their life insurance policies
Voluntary sterilization of unmarried minors is:
forbidden in many states and allowed with authorization of the minor and parent or guardian in some states
What is a "trial balance"?
It is a comparsion of accounts recievable and ledger card readings. It should be done before sending out bills.
What does vitreous humor do?
Fills the vitreous chamber behind the lens, aids in refraction, maintains shape of eyeball
What is hyperopia?
When images are focused in the rear of the retina allowing the eye to see things far away/farsightedness
What is the cochlea?
The snail-like part of the inner ear that transmits impulses to the auditory nerve
The patient’s signature on an informed consent form indicates:
all of these. (Understanding of the treatment options, expressed consent, understanding of the limits or risks in the pending treatment)
What is a "superbill"?
It is a term for an insurance claim that includes the chrage slip, statement, and insurance reporting form
What is an auditory canal onstruction?
Anything that is obstructing the ear canal
What is the pupil?
The black part in the center of the eye, allows the transmission of light
The standard of care for physicians and other healthcare professionals is determined by:
what members of the same profession would do in a similar situation within the same geographic area
What are the 3 veins of the antecubital fossa?
The median cubital (middle), the cephalic(outer) and the basilic (inner)
The ethics committee of a hospital serves in an advisory capacity to patients, families, and staff to:
all of these (decide who gets donated organs,  review difficult ethical issues, and determine when care will be discontinued)
The issue of a warning or censure by the American Medical Association to a physician occurs when the physician:
is accused of unethical behavior or conduct
A new employee should fill out what tax form?
A W-4 which is a form that states how much should be withheld from wages for taxes
inter-
between
brady
slow
semi-
half
cyte
cell
im-
not
circum-
around
-desis
binding
-ation
process
-poiesis
formation
cost/o
ribs
-al
pertaining to
Ambi-
both sides
-penia
abnormal reduction
dia-
across or through
bi-
two or both
re-
again or back
-cele
pouching or hernia
-ium
structure or tissue
THR
Total hip replacement
AE
aboeve the elbow
ad-
to, toward or near
de-
lack of less down-Removal
-ptosis
falling or downward displacement
Spondylosis
Degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae and related tissues.
Largest part of the brain.
Cerebrum
Organ that recieves a nervous stimulation and passes it on to nerves within the body.
Receptor
Autonomic nerves that influence body functions involuntarily in times of stress.
Sympathetic Nerves
A collection of nerve cell bodies in the peripheral nervous sustem.
Ganglion
Pathological fracture
Caused by a disease process such as neoplasm or osteoporosis
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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