Medical Terminology Chapters Flashcards

Terms Definitions
-lepsy
seizure
-kinesia
movement
-cusis
hearing
opthalm/o
eye
costacost/o
rib
epididym/o
epididymis
colp/ovagin/o
vagina
men/o
menses,mestruation
prostat/o
prostate
nephr/oren/o
kidney
primi-
first
noct/o
night
hypokinesia
decreased movement
-paresis
partial paralysis
diplopia
double vision
iliumili/o
pelvic bones
bradypnea
slow breathing
tarsalstars/o
ankle bones
tachypnea
fast breathing
ur/o
urine, urinary
cerumen
a waxy secretion
 
earwax
tibiatibi/o
bones lower leg
-para
to bear (offspring)
amni/o
amnion (amniotic sac)
meningi/o
meninges
 
membranes covering the brain & spinal cord
mening/o
meninges
 
membranes covering the brain & spinal cord
metatarsalsmetatars/o
bones of the feet
aphonia
absence of voice sounds-
fracture
breaking of a bone
What does tri mean?
3
narcotic
relating to sleep
 
They depress the nervous system, thus relieving pain & producing sleep.
epilepsies
chronic or recurring seizure disorders
dyspnea
early sign of pulmonary edema
hidrosis
formation and excretion of sweat
surgery
greek word for handwork -
salping/o
fallopian tubes, oviducts, uterine tubes
What does 'super' mean?
Above, excess.
What does semi mean?
1/2, partial
specific sensations
include
smell - olfaction
 
taste - gustation
 
hearing - audition
 
vision
vertigo
hallucination of movement, or feeling of spinning or dizziness
lymphoma
cancer that originates in lymphatic system-that has spread
erythroyte (transport oxygen )
Red Blood Cells
pulse
periodic thrust felt over arteries, consistent w heartbeat
paraparesis
is slight or partial paralysis, quadriparesis, tetraparesis affects all four extremites
leukocyte ( body defense)
White Blood Cells
angiomas
tumors consisting of blood vessels (hemangioma) of lymph vessels - usually benign
cervic/o
neck, cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
The plural of lumen is what?
Lumine
Transient Ischemic Attack
TIA
temporary interference with blood supply to the brain lasting from a few minutes to a few hrs.
 
symptoms of a stroke that resolve within 24 hrs.
 
also known as a mini- stroke
bell palsy
facial paralysis caused by a functional disorder of the 7th cranial nerve, associated with herpes virus
 
usually self-limiting & usually spontaneously resolved in 3-5 wks.
spinal nerves
part of the peripheral nervous system
 
includes 31 pairs of nerves that emerge from the spine & act in both motor & sensory capacities
cranial nerves
part of the peripheral nervous system
 
includes 12 pairs of nerves that emerge from the base of the skull & may act in either a motor capacity, sensory capacity, or both.
sprain
injury that causes joint pain and disability w severity depending on the degree of the injury to ligaments or tendons.
aphasia
is the inability to communicate thru speech writing or signs-improper function of the brain
fibrosacroma
is a malignant tumor containing much fibrous tissue
hemodialysis
processing of diffusing blood thru a semipermeable membrane to remove toxic materials away from the bodies of person w impaired kidney function
gout
painful metabolic disease that is a form of acute arthritis
capillaries
important feature of being the site where the oxygen and waste carbon dioxide are exchanged
arthrocentesis
excessive fluid can accumulate in a synovial joint after injury and must be extracted w a needle
dislocation
displacement of a bone from a joint
closed reduction
fracture restored to its normal position by manipulation w/o surgery
pericardium
sac made up of double membrane, encloses the heart
What does 'hetero' mean?
Other, different, unequal. (heterogenous - composed of different materials)
analgesia
absence of ( a normal sense of) pain
cerebrum
the largest & uppermost portion of the brain
coronary arteries
blood vessels that supply oxygen to the heart
metastasize
spread to sites away from where they originate by several means including blood, lymphatic symptoms and direct extension to neighboring tissues
lymphatic system
function is to collect fluid that escapes front the blood capillaries and return it to the circulation- lymph nodes, lymph vessels, lymph, tonsils, thymus, and spleen make up the system
arterial, venous
pertaining to the arteries and veins, respectively
pulmonary edema
effusion(escape) of fluid into the air spaces and tissue spaces of the lung
Define medical terminology.
A special vocabulary used by healthcare professionals for effective and accurate communication.

Based on Greek and Latin.

Uniform throughout the world.
(this makes med. term. unique)
What does 'per' mean?
Through. Percutaneous. Through the skin.
What does 'pseudo' mean?
False. (pseudoplegia - false paralysis)
What terms refer to the lower back?
Lumbar vertebrae
What does leuk/o mean?
Prefix for white/colorless - wbc
metastasis
spreading from one part of the body to another part
cardiopulmonary bypass
methods used to divert blood away from the heart and lungs temporarily when surgery of the heart and major vessels is performed
carpal tunnel
carpal tunnel syndrome is a complex of symptoms resulting from pressure on the median nerve in the carpal tunnel of the wrist
What does 'neo' mean?
New. (neonate - a newborn infant)
What does 'post' mean?
After, behind. (postnatal -behind the nose)
Central Nervous System
CNS
consists of the brain & the spinal cord
List 5 prefixes for direction.
1. ab

2. ad

3. dia

4. per

5. trans
What is the plural form for a word ending in 'a'? Give an example.
'ae'

ex. Vertabrae
sternal punctures
made w a needle to obtain a sample of bone marrow
Give an example using the adjective suffix -ory?
Respiratory = pertaining to respiration
List the bones of the hand?
1. Distal phalanx (tip)

2. Middle phalanx

3. Proximal phalanx

(phalanges)
Phonetically a vowel gets a short pronunciation is it has no what?
If it has no pronunciation mark.
What is an acronym? Give an example.
An abbreviation formed from the first letter of each word of a phrase.

Ex. ASAP
Phonetically a vowel gets a long pronunciation when?
It it has a short line over the vowel.
What happens when you add a suffix to a word ending in 'x' that has a vowel before the 'x'? Give an example.
If a vowel comes before the 'x' such as 'ix' you change the 'x'to a 'c'.

ex) thorax--> thoracotomy
combining forms
prefixes
suffixes
element added to the end of a word to form another word
/ 93
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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