Medical Terminology: Chapters - : Quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
-phasia
speech
-algia
pain
audi/o
hearing
-acusia
hearing
-plegia
paralysis
sternumstern/o
breastbone
spermat/o
sperm
glomerul/o
glomerulus
analgesics
pain relievers
lumbarlumb/o
spinal bones
eupnea
normal breathing
ischiumischi/o
pelvic bones
recumbent
lying down
pubispub/o
pelvic bones
albumin/o
albumin (protein)
fibulafibul/o
bones lower leg
sacrum(sacral vertebrae)sacr/o
spinal bones
radiodynia, rachiaglia
painful spine
-genesis
forming, producing, origin
myringotomy
or
tympanotomy
incision of the eardrum
external auditory canal
ear canal
ataxia
without coordination
 
refers to poor muscle cooridination, especially when voluntary movements are attempted
 
may be a result of head injury, stroke, MS, alcholism, or a variety of hereditary disorders
bradykinesia
condition of slow movement
paresis
slight or incomplete paralysis
peritoneum
lines the abdominopelvic cavity-enfolds the internal organs.Secretes a lube fluid that allows organs against one another
vas/o
vas deferens, duct, vessel
What does multi mean?
many
oculomycosis
fungal infection of the eye
tarsoptsos
commonly known as flatfoot-inherited condition
pleura
membrane that surrounds each lung
spine, vertebraerachi/o, spin/o, spondyl/o, vertebr/o
spinal bones
What does poly mean?
many, much
What does 'equi' mean?
Same. (equilibrium)
asthenia
weakness, debility, or loss of strength
 
a characteristic of multiple sclerosis (MS)
presbyacusis
or
presbyacusia
hearing (loss) assciated with old age
 
The hearing loss is irreversable.
astrocytes
- star shaped neuroglia
- provides 3-demensional mechanical support for neurons & form tight sheaths around the capillaries of the brain.
- The sheath is the obstruction called the blood-brain barrier that keeps large molecular substances from entering the delicate tissue of the brain.
dystonia
bad or poor (muscle) tone
 
usually refers to a muscle disorder characterized by substained muscle contractions resulting in a persistantly abnormal posture
herniated disk
disks between vertebrae become diseased, they sometimes rupture,press on the spinal cord or spinal nerve also called slipped disk
arteries,arterioles,veins,venules, capillaries
five types of blood vessels
hydrocephalus
condition characterized by an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid CSF when occurs in children head enlarges because of soft bones
What is atony?
Lack of muscle tone.
otitis media
OM
an inflammation of the middle ear
 
usually occurs due to streptococcus pneumonia
 
found most commonly in infants & young children especially in the presence of an URI
enucleation
removal of the eyeball from the orbit
heteropsia
inequality of vision (in the two eyes)
spinal cord
part of the central nervous system
 
the main pathway for transmition of information between the brain & the body
thorax
upper part of the trunk or cage
tonsils
masses of lymphatic tissue lovated in depressions of the mucous membranes of the pharynx
extension
straightens a limb and the opposite movement
malignant
tending to become worse, spread and cause death
What does 'anti' mean?
Neg prefix meanining 'against'.
What does 'ortho' mean?
Straight, correct, upright. (orthodontics - branch of dentistry concerned with correction and straightening of the teeth)
status epilepticus seizures
tonic-clonic seizures which occur one right after the other without an intervening period of recovery
paralysis
loss of voluntary motion in one or more muscle groups with or without loss of sensation
urology
urinary tract in both genders , male reproductive system
blood vessels
five types of blood vessels - arteries,smaller arteries called arterioles, veins, smaller veins called venules, and capillaries
Lupus erythematosus (LE)
an autoimmune disease that involves connective tissue
What does 'dia' mean?
Through. Diarrhea. Frequent discharge of fluid fecal matter.
What are adjective suffixes?
denote "pertaining to" or "like"
What is diplopia?
The condition of having double vision.
rheumatoid arthritis RA
is the second most common connective tissue disease. Chronic, systemic (pertaining ti whole body) disease that often results in joint deformiteis, particularly of the hands and feet.
immunodeficiency
diseases are caused by a defect in the immune system
circumduction
circular movement of a limb at the far end
What does 'trans' mean?
Through. Transfusion. Intro of blood or blood components into the bloodstream.
What does 'olig/o' mean?
Few. Oligospermia (abnormal low number of sperm cells in semen)
What does 'end/o' mean?
In, within. (endoderm - device for viewing the inside of a cavity or organ)
mental disorders which are forms of neurosis
- irrational fears (phobias)
 
- exaggerated emotional & reflective behavior (hysteria)
 
- irrational, uncontrolled performace of ritualistic actions for fear of a dire consequence (obsesive compulsive disorder)
What are essential for administrative purposes?
Accurate medical records are essential for administrative purposes.
What is a lumen?
The central opening of an organ or vessel.
What is used to pluralize a word ending in -on?
'a'

ex. phenomenon = phenomena
What does 'tel/e, tel/o' mean?
End. (telophase - the last stage of cell division, mitosis)
What do the suffixes '-osis' and 'iasis' denote?
The denote an abnormal condition.

ex. stenosis is a narrowing of a canal

ex. diuresis (increased urination)
What is the 'root' of a word?
Fundamental unit of each medical word. It establishes the basic meaning of the word and is the part to which modifying prefixes and suffixes are added.
/ 72
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online