Medical Terminology: The Respiratory System Flashcards

Pneumothorax
Terms Definitions
rhin/o
Nose
Purulent
Pus-filled.
epiglott/o
epiglottis
crypt/o
hidden
Bronch/obronch/i
bronchus
-spasm
spasm
esthesi/o
sensation
nosebleed
epistaxis
orth/o
straight, upright
amyloid
resembling starch
hal/oL* sal/-
salt
pne/o
breath, respiration
-scler/osis
abnormal hardening
sider-
Combining Formiron
-thorax
pleural cavity, chest
pneumon/opneum/oL* pulmon/-L* pulm/-
lung
sud(or)-
Combining Formsweat, fluid
capn-
Combining Formcarbon dioxide
Thoracic
Pertaining to the chest.
stern-
Combining Formchest, breast, breastbone
process of breathing out
exhalation
Pharynx
Throat, nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx.
bronch/o, bronchi/o
bronchial tube, bronchus
-necr/osis
death (of cells, tissue, organs)
thoraxthorac-
Combining Formchest cavity, pleural cavity, thorax
Pneumonia
Acute inflammation and infection of the alveoli, which fill with pus, and produces inflammation.
Rale
Abnormal, fine, crackling sound heard on auscultation when there is fluid in the alveoli.
Ventilation-perfusion scan
A detection device records radioactivity after an injection of a radioisotope or inhalation of small amount of radioactive gas.
cocc--coccus
Combining Formcoccus (a type of spherical bacterium)
condition of deficient amounts of oxygen in the inspired air
hypoxia
immunization
a method of protection against fluctuating bond interest rates by investing in securities having different yields and terms
Pulmonary parenchyma
Essential parts of the lungs responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli.
Hypoxia
Deficiency in the amount of oxygen reaching body tissues.
Thoracentesis
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space.
Laryngeal
Pertaining to the larynx or voice box.
Sputum
Material expelled from the chest by coughing or by clearing the throat; phlegm.
bronchopleural
Pertaining to a bronchial tube and pleura or pleural cavity.
Empyema
Pus in the pleural space (cavity) surrounding the lungs.
pleuropneumonia
abnormal condition of the pleura and the lung
inherited disease that affects the pancreas, respiratory system, and sweat glands.
cystic fibrosis
process of coughing up and spitting out material (sputum) from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea
expectoration
bronchitis
acute or chronic inflammation of the membrane lining of the bronchial tubes, caused by respiratory infection or exposure to bronchial irritants, as cigarette smoke.
Hydrothorax
Water or fluid that accumulates in the pleural space surrounding the lungs.
Tube thoracostomy
Chest tube is passed through an opening in the skin of the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion.
Apex of the lung
Uppermost portion of the lung.
Auscultation
Listening for sounds in the chest and abdomen using a stethoscope.
technique for removing a foreign body (usually a bolus of food) that is blocking the trachea
Heimlich maneuver
olfactory
of or pertaining to the sense of smell:
Base of the lung
The lower portion of the lung.
the process by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged between the blood in tissue capillaries and the cells of the body
internal respiration
alveoli
an air cell of the lungs, formed by the terminal dilation of tiny air passageways.
Positron emission tomography of the lung
Radioactive substance is injected into a patient and the images reveal the metabolic activity in the lung for diagnosis of malignant tumors.
/ 52
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online