Medieval Art History Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
diptych
a two-panel painting
Notre-Dame
Paris, France 1163-1250, Gothic
Durham Cathedral
England 1093-1130 Romanesque
campanile
bell tower, especially one freestanding from the body of a church.
St. Sebald
Nuremberg, Germany 1361-1372, Gothic
Abbey Church: Corvey,
Germany
late 9th century A.D.
vellum
the highest quality of parchment.
Apostle
St-Sernin. Toulouse, France ealry 12th c. Romanesque
Portrait of Menander:
70 A.D. Wall painting,
House of Menander, Pompeii
Interlace
This is an example of: (Scandinavians were interested in this. It is very linear and active)
miniature
a very small painting, especially a portrait, on ivory, vellum, or the like.
mural
a large picture painted or affixed directly on a wall or ceiling.
sarcophogus
a stone coffin, especially one bearing sculpture, inscriptions, etc., often displayed as a monument.
Christ entering Jerusalem
by Duccio, Italy, 1305, Gothic
Pisa Cathedral & Campanile
Pisa, Italy. 1053-1275, Romanesque
Symbol of St Mark,
from the Echternach Gospels
c. 690 A.D.
stained glass
pieces of colored glass joined together with a material such as lead to form a design; a picture made with pieces of colored glass statue, a sculupture made from any maerial, usually stone, bronze, or clay. (from Great Art Words)
Object is recognizable, but one or more of its elements had been exaggerated to express an idea and/or a feeling.
Define Expressionism:
ambulatory
an aisle surrounding the end of the choir or chancel of a church.
Reims Cathedral (west portal0
France 1225-1245, Annunciation and Visitation, Gothic
The Battle of Hasting
The Bayeux Tapestry 1073-1083. Harold's coronation in Westminster Abbey
Flemish art
Flemish art and architecture works of art and structures produced in the region of Europe known for centuries as Flanders . Netherlandish art is another term sometimes used for these works. Art produced in Flanders achieved special eminence c.1200 and in the 15th and 17th cent. Flanders was among the most culturally productive regions at other times as well. http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Flemish_art_and_architecture.aspx#1-1E1:Flemisha-full
Sacramentary of Gelasius, Early Medieval Art, 7th-8th c.
yes(18) Northern migration cultures have attached their visual culture to Roman Christian text. A good example of the blending of the two cultures. Initial letter of a manuscript- incipit. Which is large and opens the text. Converting birds and fish into readable letters was a Roman practice, and was used here.
Polychrome
This is an example of: (It means many colors)
October -Let Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry
1413-1416, Gothic
Eyckian Style
The Eyckian style was based on a strong undercurrent of realism that constituted an important aspect of the development of late medieval art. Outstanding achievements of this realistic trend that may have influenced the art of Jan van Eyck include the frescoes of Tommaso da Modena in Treviso and the panel paintings of Melchior Broederlam and of Robert Campin . At the hands of van Eyck experimentation with realism resulted in an astounding minuteness of detail and an unusually fine differentiation between qualities of texture and of atmospheric light. It is thought that his careful delineation of every detail of life was intended to reflect the glory of God's creation. http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/van_Eyck.aspx#2-1E1:Eyck-van-full
transept
an arm of this, on either side of the central aisle of a church.
Strasbourg Cathedral (south portal)
France 1220 death of the virgin (tympanum) Gothic
Great Mosque, Cordova, Spain, plan, Islamic, 8th-10th cc
(yes) achieves its effects through through the seemingly endless repetition of equal units, whether through columns, geometric motifs, decorative arts.
Hosios Loukas, Phocis, Greece, Interior,Middle Byzantine, mid. 9th-12th cc.
congregation stood to witness her. no sitting.
Notre Dame cathedral
Our Lady of Paris, church of Paris, a noble achievement of early Gothic architecture in France. It stands upon the Île de la Cité, a small island in the Seine.
Cubiculum of Good Shepherd, Pre-Constantinian, 1st-3rd cc, fresco, Rome, Catacomb of Domitilla
Peacock is a symbol of eternal like. Orant- Latin term, praying person, posture is one with spread out, upward ams. Ceiling of catacombs were considered heaven/paradise.
Jesus Washing the Feet of Peter
Gospel Book of Otton III, 1000 CE, Ottonian art, halos/large eyes (medieval art)
Carpet page before Mark from the Lindisfarne Gospels, Early Medieval Art, 7th-8th c.
yes(21)Abstract. It is a dense knot of birds, dogs, bodies and a cross. The artist here denied the concept of foreground and background and substituted pure geometry. This potentially frantic and wild energy of the elements falls into satisfying rhythms.
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