Medieval Japan Flashcards

japan
Terms Definitions
stanima
endurance
merchant
salesperson
godess
dea
Nobles
high-ranking persons
Samurai
A Japanese warrior.
structure
a thing constructed
hakata
to beat, or pound
behave
how a person acts
loyalty
n. faithfulness, devotion, constancy
authority
official permission or approval
Minamoto
first shogun in Japan
constitution
written plan of government
Pure Land Buddhism
chanting Buddhism's name
enlightenment
education that results in understanding and the spread of knowledge
art
the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance.
Religion
Beliefs about God or gods
aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
reign
royal rule or authority; sovereignty
court
a place where justice is administered.
dedication
the act of binding yourself (intellectually or emotionally) to a course of action
zen
a Buddhist doctrine that enlightenment can be attained through direct intuitive insight
noh
classic drama of Japan, developed chiefly in the 14th century, employing verse, prose, choral song, and dance in highly conventionalized formal and thematic patterns derived from religious sources and folk myths.
production
the act of producing; creation; manufacture
family
parents and their children, considered as a group, whether dwelling together or not.
honor
what samuri wanted rather than monetary wealth
linguistic
consisting of or related to language
discipline
training to improve strength or self-control
meditation
a spritual discipline that involves deep relaxation
peasant
a small farmer, tenant, sharecropper, laborer: a country person
influence
causing something without any direct or apparent effort
rulers
rulers constantly change, as do borders. Germanic states now rule roman providences
defend
protect against a challenge or attack
siberia
a vast Asian region of Russia
daimyo
powerful military lord in feudal Japan
calligraphy
beautiful handwriting; the art of producing beautiful handwriting
warrior
someone engaged in or experienced in warfare
literature
writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays.
architecture
the action or process of building; construction
prince shotoku
first prince of Japan, 593 C.E.
Mongols
People from the country of Mongolia that were greatly weakened by China in the mid-700's.
strength
the property of being physically or mentally strong
clans
groups of people related to one another
bow
curved piece of resilient wood with taut cord to propel arrows
faith
complete confidence in a person or plan etc
japanese
the language (usually considered to be Altaic) spoken by the Japanese people
Buddhist
one who follows the teachings of Buddha
Buddhism
a world religion or philosophy based on the teaching of the Buddha and holding that a state of enlightenment can be attained by suppressing worldly desire
transition
movement, passage, or change from one position, state, stage, subject, concept, etc., to another; change: the transition from adolescence to adulthood.
shogun
the head of military government of japan in the era of the samurai
Murasaki Shikibu
Lady Murasaki (English), was a Japanese novelist, poet, and a maid of honor of the imperial court during the Heian period. She is best known as the author of The Tale of Genji, written in Japanese between about 1000 and 1008, one of the earliest novels in human history.
feudalism
political system based on bonds of loyalty between lords and vassals
Tokugawa Leyasu
a person who wanted to become shogun.he was deteremined to bring order to the country.he wanted to end the fighting among the warring samurai bands
manpower
power in terms of people available or required for work or military service: the manpower of a country.
code
a set of rules or principles or laws
meditate
to think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes
war
a conflict carried on by force of arms, as between nations or between parties within a nation; warfare, as by land, sea, or air.
fight
to use your body or weapon against someone else
invasion
an act or instance of invading or entering as an enemy, esp. by an army.
fan
any device for producing a current of air by the movement of a broad surface or a number of such surfaces
culture
the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern for what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits, etc.
emperor
the male sovereign or supreme ruler of an empire: the emperors of Rome.
hokkaido
the second largest of the four main islands of Japan
honshu
the central and largest of the four main islands of Japan
fashion
a prevailing custom or style of dress, etiquette, socializing, etc.: the latest fashion in dresses.
heian
of or pertaining to the period in Japan, a.d. 794-1185, characterized by the modification and naturalization of ideas and institutions that were earlier introduced from China
clan
group of families related by blood or marriage
martial arts
sports, such as judo and karate, that involve combat and self-defense
Ashikaga Takauji
the founder and 1st shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate; his rule began in 1338
/ 68
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online