Mesopotamia Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
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writer
artisans
skilled workers
culture
way of life
exile
forced to leave
cuneiform
the sumerian writing system
polytheism
belief in many gods
priests
people who performed religious ceremonies
drought
long period of dry weather
Ziggurats were made out of
Clay
Hammurabi
Babylonian leader responsible for creating a system of roads
Cylinder seals
Small cylinders decorated with distinctive images. These were rolled on damp clay to leave a rectangular impression to "seal" a deal in business/ equivalent to a signature today
Judaism
The religion of the Jewish people.
Ziggurat
terraced pyrimid in which ezch terrance is smaller than the one below it.
Name 2 upper class jobs
Priest, scribe
famine
the problem (natural causes) which drove the Hebrews out of Canaan
code
organized list of laws and rules
The religious beliefs of the Mesopotamians were co
Polytheistic
6000-5300 BC
The Halafian period spans this time
empire
many different lands united under one government
Torah
first five books of the Hebrew bible
Sumer
The location of the first civilization located in southeastern Mesopatania
Qur`an: (Kuh/RAN)
Holy book of Islam. (p. 438)
Tiglath-Pileser III
Assyrian king and great military leader
Tributes
goods or money collected form people who are conqures
inport
to bring IN from foreign locations Sumer: metals, precious stones, lumber
Eridu
This is the sight with the oldest dated temples
Gilgamesh
a legendary Sumerian king who was the hero of an epic collection of mythic stories
how long Hammurabi's reign lasted
more than 40 years
Middle East
The present region that the Fertile Crescent is located
Fertile Crescent
region the Hebrews had to travel through to reach Canaan
tell
a hill or raised mound marking the site of and ancient city or habitation
What groups of people had the most power in Sumerian society? Describe the role of this class in society.
shaduf
a device used in Egypt and other Eastern countries for raising water, esp. for irrigation, consisting of a long suspended rod with a bucket at one end and a weight at the other.
cultural diffusion
The spreading of new ideas to other places.
What weapons were used by Sargons people?
Heavy shields, spears
export
(v) to send goods to a foreign area for trade; (n) an item sent to a foreign area for trade
After about 3000 b.c where did most of the Sumerians live?
New Babylonian Empire
a rival of the old Babylonian Empire stretch from the persian gulf to the Medridian sea
What "3" physical conditions must be present for a civilization to begin
Climate, Landforms & Natural Resources
rural
countryside
surplus
more than needed
architecture
the science of building
Monotheism
Belief in one god
Assyria
A historical kingdom of northern Mesopotamia
inequality
being unequal in rank,amount,size or value
peasant
a European small farmer or farm laborer
bronze
a strong metal, harder and longer lasting than copper
epics
long poems that tell the stories of heroes
Babylon
The capital of Babylonia, a city of great wealth and luxury
barter
to trade one thing for another without the use of money
Cradle of Civilization
another name they called Mesopotamia because it was here that the first cities grew from infancy to magnificent maturity
alphabet
a set of letters that can be combined to form words
Sumerians developed a math system
based on the number 60.
merchant
a person who runs a store or buys and sells goods for profit
The amount of land controlled by each city-state depended
on its army.
What did Sargon's empire have in common with other Mesoptamian city-states?
It fought with surrounding city-states.
Which is an inference about why city-states fought each other for farmland?
Each city-state wanted to have enough land to grow food
Which is the best explanation for why7 Mesopotamians built canals?
They needed a way to control the rivers flow.
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