Mid-Term 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
-ology
the study of
Absolute
rules ahve no exceptions whatsoever.
rationalism


in Epistemology, it’s the tradition that holds that our most dependable information derives from reason rather than from empirical observation.
 
Descartes’ Meditation on First Philosophy in the 17th century argues that reason alone determined knowledge and could be achieved independently from senses. In the study, we ask can the knowing subject be certain that an object truly exists and if so how can we be sure?
 
Universal
universally accepted; which means that it applies to all. For example: Driving on one side of the road...different sides of the road in different countries , but the desire to drive on one specific side of the road is still there.
Plato's 1st Argument
Thrasymachus: Morality is nothing other than the advantage of the stronger party. It is beneficial to the subjects to obey the government. Socrates: Governments make mistakes. When a government makes a mistake it becomes not beneficial to the subjects.
Plato's 2nd Argument
Thrasymachus: Experts never make mistakes. When an someone does screw up then they are not an expert to that extent. So when a government is ruling and is actually ruling then they are never wrong. (EXPERTISE INFALLIBLE)Socrates: Experts dont focus on self welfare but of the welfare of the overall field. Governments aim their wellfare at the ones they are ruling...the weaker party.
Epistemology


is the branch of philosophy that studies knowledge, the origin, scope, validity and nature of knowledge.
 
After the Renaissance (after 17th century), empiricism (knowledge is product of sensory reception) and rationalism (knowledge is product of rational reflection) were the positions dominated epistemology. In philosophy, we examine accuracy of our own knowledge, sources and nature to get an informed understanding of what we know and how we know it as well what it is that we don’t know. 
dogmatism
principle or belief that you hold on to for dear life. holding onto views without realizing defects.
Explain Pangloss' optimism
Pangloss is optimistic in Voltaire because he thinks he is making the best of "the best possible world".
Sidgewick
Do unto others what you want done to you.Proper objective morals can be identified via reasoning. When you understand nature of something that is objectively morally true. it will be objectively morally true for you.
tabula rasa
Latin for – blank slate; is the epistemological thesis that states individuals are born without any built-in material and their knowledge comes from experience and perception.
In the 17th century, John Locke’s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding is used in modern times to understand that the blank slate is the mind that’s built with no rules; data is added and rules for processing are formed solely by one’s sensory experiences. In philosophy, we are concerned with how we know what we know, and how to properly gain more knowledge to become wise
How do Relativism, Subjectivism, and Nihilism differ over when moral claims are true.
Subjectivists: Whatever you think is morally true...is morally true for you.Relativists: Whatever a society thinks is morally true...is true for them.Nihilists: There are no moral truths.
How does Descartes prove his own existence?
"I think, therefore I am"
What is Pascals argument for practice as a solution for unbelief?
Follow the way by which they began: They acted as if they believed, took holy water, had masses said, etc. This will make you believe naturally and blunt your edges
contre
against
eraser
mimhaat
hi
bye
le pied
foot
chapter 6
...
carcinogen
causing cancer
 
noun
Brahma
Hindu god: creation
Inscrutable
difficult to understand
olfactory
pertaining to smell
 
adjective
Exogamy
marriage outside the group
Explicit
precisely and clearly expressed
obfuscate
to confuse; to bewilder
 
verb
 
synonyms: muddle; obscure
 
antonyms: clarity; elucidate
yen
a desire or craving:
scourge
something causes misery or death
dare da mangiare a
to feed
Social Evolution
Unilineal cultural evolutionary theory; savagery, barbarism, civilization.
Classical managememnt theory originated in England during the 19th Century
False....17th century
blasphemous
uttering, containing, or exhibiting blasphemy; irreverent; profane.
Noble Gas
Has outermost electron shell filled
Research tools
JSTOR, UA Catalog, Academic Search
avoir un rendez-vous
to have an appoinment
antithesis
the direct opposite, a sharp contrast
Chief
Always mostly inherited. Have some degree of power.
bucolic
pertaining to the countryside; rural; rustic
 
adjective
 
synonyms: pastoral
 
adjective: urban
politics
the authoritative allocation of goods, services and programs or "who get what, when and how
vibrant
moving to and fro rapidly; vibrating.
vignette
an engraving, drawing, photograph, or the like that is shaded off gradually at the edges so as to leave no definite line at the border.
United Nations
Created to "save generations from scrouge of war" by President Roosevelt; birthplace was San Francisco; the Security Council gave each member the right to veto, 5 permanent members; US, GB, China, F, Russia
setting
The time and place of a story
verbatim
using the exact same words, in precisely the same words used by a writer or speaker
hypothesis
a possible explanation or solution to the problem based on facts which are often established through observation
Pandemonium
a state of extreme confusion and disorder
Biological anthropology
The study of human biological variation in time and space; includes evolution, genetics, growth and development, and primatology.
Revenue Options: Infrastructure
Software/hardware sales or license, maintenance/update, integration/install, hosting/access fees
hagar
sarah's servant who had sex with abraham b/c sarah was barren and gave birth to ishmael; after isaac was born, abraham, at sarah's urging, exiled hagar and ishmael
illegible
not legible; impossible or hard to read or decipher because of poor handwriting, faded print, etc.:
jaded
dulled by overindulgence; worn out or wearied, as by overwork or overuse
euphoric
a feeling of happiness, confidence, or well-being sometimes exaggerated in pathological states as mania.
obtain
to come into possession of; get, acquire, or procure, as through an effort or by a request:
Leonardo da Vinci
1452-1519; painted 'The Last Supper' and the 'Mona Lisa'
internal rhyme
repetition of sounds within a line (but not at the end of the line)
dynamic equilibrium
result of diffusion where there is continuous movement of particles but no overall change in concentration
radiometric dating
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic material by measuring the concentrations of radioactive isotopes and their decay products
Big Man
A leader. Always mostly an achieved status. Rarely have power. Lead by persuasion.
Z scores Multiply by 10 (Fixed SD)Add or subtract from 50 (Fixed mean)Eliminate pos. or neg. signs
T-Scores
All shrimp used cerimonially
'o,pae mahiki-cast out evil spirits
enjoin
to prescribe (a course of action) with authority or emphasis:
virtuoso
a person who has special knowledge or skill in a field.
Organizational Hierarchy of Decent
moiety divided by 2 = phratry
phratries divided by 2 = clan
clans divided by 2 = lineages
aphelion
point in the orbit of a planet at which the planet is farthest from the sun
efficiency
using resources in such a way as to max. the production od the goods and services
Sonnet
a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line
appease
to bring to a state of peace, quiet, ease, calm, or contentment; pacify; soothe:
je suis en pleine forme
i am in a good mood
the fall
the fall of man in the garden of eden
atmospheric pressure
ration of the weight of the air to the area of the surface on which it presses
How do we identify a plate boundary?
By the breaks in a plate.
As an analogy, organizational design is similar to assembling a jigsaw puzzle ______
without a picture or sample to work from
What is one kind of evidence that supports Wegener's hypothesis?
Fossils of the same organism have been found on different continents.
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