Middle Ages and Renaissance Music Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
jongleurs
minstrels
disjunct
disconnected
binary
A-B
pipe
wind instrument
ronde
circle dance
saltarello
italian jumping dance
cantus fimus
fixed melody
neumes
middle age notes
rebec
bowed string instrument
MInnesingers
musicians from Germany
guitarra moresca
4 string guitar
requiem
mass for the dead
nakers
small drums played in pairs
melismatic
many, many notes per syllable
harmony
relationship of intervals and chords
motet
new text added to organum
Organum
the earliest form of polyphony
chanson
song set to courtly love poetry
neumatic
2 or 4 notes per syllable
Isorhythm
its the technique of writing successive lengthy passages in identical rhythms but with distinct melodies
Madrigal
New Italian Genre, established after 1530, is a short composition set to a one-stanza poem
Trouvèrs
musicians from the north of france
Josquin Desprez
(c.1450-1521), composed "Pangua Lingua Mass"
Pierluigi Da Palestrina
(c.1525-1594), composed "Pope Marcellus Mass"
loud instruments
shawn, tabor, nakers, slide trumpet, sackbut
Chansons
they were much simpler, gentler and more supple versions of songs
Plainchant
it's the official music of the catholic church in the Middle Ages
portative and positive
two small types of organs (p)
strophic
form in which the same melody is repeated with every stanza
Hocket
A single melody is shared between two voices such that alternately one voice sounds while the other rests
Ars Nova
"new art" or "new technique" composers carried their innovations much further. Created complex rhythms in different voices.
Dorian Mode
a minor mode where the tonic is D
Phrygian Mode
a minor mode where the tonic is E
Estampie
it is a one-line piece in which the same or similar musical phrases are repeated many times in varied forms
Point of Imitation
the introduction of a new phrase in imitative polyphony
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