Middle Ages timeline Flashcards

Terms Definitions
527-565
·Justinian's rule
900
Beowulf written
1190
Frederick I drowned
732
battle of Poitiers/Tours
568-575
·Lombard conquest of Italy
1100s
code of chivalry developed
1226-1270
Reign of Louis IX
1100
Song of Roland written
674-677
·First Muslim siege of Constantinople
474-491:
Zeno's rule ·Ostrogoths raid Byzantium, then sent west by Zeno; internal palace intrigues and civil unrest.
1077
Henry IV apologized to Gregory
550
End of India's Golden Age
1170
murder of Thomas à Beckett
732:
Battle of Tours ·Charles Martel defeats Spanish Muslim forces at Poitiers in southern France
590-604:
Pontificate of Gregory the Great ·Consolidation of Papal Estates, provision of government to Rome, truces with Lombards, defenses against Lombards
1000s
excommunication and the threat of interdict forced a German Emperor to submit to the Pope's commands
400-600
Small Germanic Kingdoms replace Roman provinces
756:
Ummayad Emirate in Spain ·Last living Ummayad family member, Abd al-Rahman, escapes to Spain, founds state in Cordoba.
800-900
Muslims goal was to plunder European cities
408-450:
Rule of Theodosius II in the East ·Disappaerance of Rome in the West, growing Hun penetration south of Danube.
1177
Frederick I made peace with the Pope and returned to Germany
300s-400s
missionaries worked
751-987
Carolingian Dynasty ruled
500
baptism of Clovis
1122
Concordat of Worms
1095
Council of Clermont
800s
Latin Based language evolve
622
Muhammed flees to Medina
910
establishment of Cluny Monastery
878-886
· Viking siege of Paris
496
Clovis prayed to christian god
1215
signing of the Magna Carta
1199
death of Richard the Lionhearted
488
·Theodoric the Ostrogoth arrives in Italy, eliminates Odovacar
850-950
worst attacks happened; during period many rulers made agreement like Charles and Rollo
581
China united under the Sui Dynasty
845
·Vikings begin wintering at mouth of Loire, Seine
843
Lothair, Charles the Bald, and Louis the German (Lious the Pious's sone) signed the Treaty of Verdun which divided the empire three ways
520
Benedict wrote a strict yet practical book of rules for monasteries
1054
The Church splits between East and West
936
Otto the Great (I) crowned king of medieval Germany
500-1500
Middle Ages
846
Muslims sacked Rome
800
coronation of Charlemagne
590
Gregory I became pope
476
The Fall of Rome
735
death of Venerable Bede
830s-950s:
·Viking, Magyar, and Muslim raids
506:
Clovis' conversion ·Franks become Catholic, defeat Arain Visigoths at Battle of Vouille
1204
death of Eleanor of Aquitaine
532:
Nika riots ·After capital city insurrection, Emperor Justinian sends forces to conquer North Africa (533) and Italy (535-52) as well as southern tip of Spain (550).
1075
Pope Gregory VII banned lay investiture
1362
Piers Plowman, by William Langland revealed the hard life of English peasants
642
·Collpase of Sassanian state and its Islamic conquest
814-840:
Louis the Pious ·Internal conflict in Carolingian state, beginnings of Arab seaborne raids in Mediterranean and conquest of Sicily, increased Viking raids.
1122-1204
Eleanor of Aquitaine, as queen of England mothered two kings: Richard the Lion-Hearted and John
1176
foot soldiers of Lombard League defeat Frederick's knight army for the first time in history
511
Clovis united the Franks into one kingdom (he died this year)
600-700
Muslims goal was to conquer and settle in Europe
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