Middle Ages Vocabulary Quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Edward
childless
salvation
clergy provides?
Merovingians
Clovis's family
merchants
people who traded
vassals
helped the lord
England relied on ______
Flanders
Magyar invades...
Central Europe (Hungary)
Central Middle Ages
1000-1300 C.E.
481
Clovis becomes king of Franks
office of exchequer
handled the money
St Anthony (251-356)
founder of monasticism
Asgard
the norse gods live in
Muslim Turks
Ruled the Holy Land
When was the Norman Invasion?
1066
The middle ages begin
When rome falls
investiture
The vassal agrees to fulfill obligations to a lord and receives land in return
disperse
To scatter, spread far and wide
monastery
mini town/community where the clergy lived
Crusades
military expeditions to gain (regain) the Holy Land from the Muslims (from 11th to the 13th centuries)
the cornerstone of a monk's life
prayer
Squire
age=13-14, personal servant to knight, learned jousting, took care of knight's horse, helped knight put on armor, assisted knight in battle or tournaments
Greek
Language that the Eastern Church (under Michael Cerularius) used in liturgy
chivalry
Knightly qualities such as valor fairness, courtesy, respect for women, and protection of the poor
Self-sufficient
Everything they needed was there, including farms to churches
lay investiture
the feudal ceremony of investiture performed by a person who is not a member of the clergy
Coloni
Peasant farmer, serf.
Land owners let them stay on the fields if they never ever left.
Unam Sanctam
Pope Boniface VIII's most important and strongest papal bull issued in 1302; stated the supremacy of spiritual authority over temporal authority
reformation
religious movement to reform the roman catholic church
Feudalism
Political system in Middle Ages which included Peasents, Vassals, Knights, Nobles, King/ Queen
Estates
another term for "classes" of people [the clergy (first estate), nobles (second estate), townspeople & peasants (third estate)]
feudal pyramid
King --> powreful vassals (wealthy landowners such as nobles and bishops) --> knights ---> landless peasants who worked in fields
monasticism
based on living together in a community
abbot
an ____ led the monastery or abbey
the third level of the feudal system
knights
Schism
a separation between the two branches of Christianity
Gothic Style
type of European architecture that developed in the Middle Ages, characterized by flying buttresses, ribbed vaulting, thin walls, high roofs, light, and airy
Tournament
A mock battle between groups of knights
Ille-de-France
The region around Paris where great gothic cathedrals were built
interdict
when pope decides that noble's land were denied sacraments
manor
In the Middle Ages, a large self-sufficient estate granted to a lord and worked by serfs.
monks
(in Christianity) a man who has withdrawn from the world for religious reasons, esp. as a member of an order of cenobites living according to a particular rule and under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.
Dante/Italian
Who wrote The Divine Comedy? What is his nationality?
What was the highest class of the social pyramid?
king
siege
surrounding a castle or town in the attempt to starve the inhabitants into submission
middle ages
a period of European history between ancient and modern times
the franks
which germanic tribes where the most powerful
theocracy
What do we call a government dominated by the church, or any religious organization?
Phillip II
"Agustus"great ruler of France 1180 - 1223; war with King john and win back Eleanor's land; makes charters to new towns has standing army and established nation tax; most powerful ruler in Europe
three-field system
very inefficient; 2 fields planted and 1 left to rest (fallow)
Merovingian Dynasty
The kingdom of Clovis and Charles Martel spread Christianity throughout France and expanded its territories
king nobles/lords knights peasants
four social classes in feudalism
guild
An organization of workers in a trade or craft that sets standards and protects the interests of its members.
Magna Carta
A legal document written by English lords in 1215 that stated certain rights and limited the power of the king.
missionaries
people sent out to carry a religious message; also focuses on converting non-Christians to Christianity
centralized feudalism
william the conqueror used that system to have all nobles to become his vassals.
GUILD
A GUILD IS AN ASSOCIATION FOR EACH CRAFT OR TRADE.
vassal
a person who received land from a lord in return for an oath of protection
pilgrim
a person who travels to a holy place for religious reasons.
pope gregory the great
590-604 Roman catholic pope; promoted the concept that the pope had spiritual authority over christendom and strengthened christian law.
Europe was changed after
the great charter came into affect
Scholasticism
The use of reason and logic to support Christian teaching and beliefs
King Henry IV of Germany
fought against Pope Gregory VII
Tithe
a tax equal to a tenth of one's income; this idea existed in ancient religions before Christianity; used to help the poor
Benedict
a monk who meditated and came up with rules on how monks should live
statue law
body of law comprising of written laws adopted by a legaslative body as opposed to case originating from decisions of the appellate courts, and constitution law based on a country's written constitution
Serfs
Forced to work by Lord in return for food, housing and protection
2.5 million, 5
it kille ____ people over ____ years
to kick someone out of the Church. the belief is that the person goes to hell after this happens.
excommunicate
Pepin the Short
The son of Charles Martel, was anoited with holy oil by the pope so he was rightful king in the eyes of god. In return, he was expeced to defend the pope from enemies. Pope cut his ties to the Byzantine empire and looked to the Franks for protection.
The Hundred Years' War
a long conflict between England and France
Effects of Crusades
They had many affects on Europe: new ideas were introduced, new items were introduced, trade with the Middle East increased; feudal system became weak and eventually broke down.
Parts of the Ordinary Mass
Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus and Agnus Dei
Why were Europeans unhappy about new location of the papacy?
Breaking with tradition
Had French influence
Corrupt (popes need money)
High Middle Ages
the time where Europe came out of the dark age and began to reinvent itseld
Treaty of Verdun is ____ because
bad because it fragments Europe again, making it weaker.
This makes it open to invasions
How did the Status of women change during the Middle Ages
Their role become increasingly confined to the home and convent
who was Germanic warriors loyalty to ?
their chiefs
or
lord of the manor
what role did the church play in the middle ages
the church was the center of medieval life -every village and town had a church building-religious services were held daily-provided education to children-helped the poor and the sick
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