AP English Language and Composition Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
judicious
wise
compelling
forceful
putrid
rotten
intrepid
courageous
indolent
lazy
Baneful
Deadly
crawdad
a fish
venerated
highly respected
dogged
stubbornly persevering
facetious
playfully humorous
not/without (anarchy)
a/an
bromidic
with unoriginal ideas
pugnacious
quick to argue/hostile
nascent
coming into existece
fastidious
difficult to please
Cantish
Insincerely sentimental, hypocritically conveying kindness
Braggadocian
Braggart or over-confident
didactic
intended to teach (moral)
incorrigible
unable to be reformed
diligent
marked by painstaking efforet
attitude
tone, voice/mood of writing
syntax
a systematic orderly arrangement
Cause
As, because, for, since.
aloof
distant, indifferent, or disinterested
Cashiering
To dismiss in dishonor
Analogy
The correspondence or resemblance between two things that are essentially different
Personification
endowing non-human objects or creatures with human qualities or characteristics
cloy
disgust, sicken with excessive goodness/sweetness
notorious
known widely and usually unfavorabley
assonance
repetition of identical/similar vowel sounds
poignant
profoundly moving; touching
"The most poignant part of the movie was when the father finally made peace with his son."
timorous
timid; fearful of the future
insolent
unrestrained by convention or propriety
Manner
As, as if, as though.
Boondoggling
Waste time doing pointless work
Anathematic
Disgusting, loathsome, hated, and/or hateful
pedantic
describes words, phrases or general tone that is overly scholarly, academic or bookish
Synesthesia
(or synaeshtesia) describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ( "a loud color," "a sweet sound")
cadence
modulation or inflection of the voice
equivocate
to avoid making a definite statement
anthropomorphism
the attribution of human like characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, or forces of nature
allusion
a literary, historical, religious, or mythological reference
impinge
hinder; interfere with
"The Bill of Rights were written to ensure that the government won't have the ability to impinge on our basic rights."
understatement
the ironic minimalizing of fact, understatement presents something as less significant than it is
STYLE
The author's words and the characteristic way that writer uses language to achieve certain effects. An important part of interpreting and understanding fiction is being attentive to the way the author uses words.
Oxymoron
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
Exposition
the immediate revelation to the audience of the setting and other background information necessary for understanding the plot; also explanation; one of the four modes of discourse
Bibulous
Predilection to drink too much booze
Allegory
Fictional work in which the characters represent ideas or concepts
semantics
branch of linguistics that studies the meaning and origin of words
Malapropism
the mistaken substitution of one word for another word that sounds similar (" The doctor wrote a subscription.")
Metaphor
a direct comparison of two different things
Vernacular
the everyday speech of a particular country or region, often involving nonstandard usage
incontrovertible
not able to be denied or disputed
aphorism
concise statement designed to make a point/illustrate commonly held belief
reclamation
the act of making something useful again
"Thanks to the reclamation project, the once unusable land became a productive farm."
RHETORIC
The art of persuasive argument through writing or speech- the art of eloquence and charismatic language.
atmosphere
The emotional mood created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the setting and partly by the author's choice of objects that are described
Symbolism
a system of symbols and symbolic representations
Deduction
something that is inferred (deduced or entailed or implied)
parataxis
A sequence of sentences that lack subordination; it can't stand alone.
Abhorrent
Provoking fear or disgust. Worthy of hate.
Onomatopoeia
A figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of words
Colloquialism
The use of slang or informalities in speech or writing
Exemplification
a pattern of writing or speaking which is characterized by using one or more particular cases, or examples, to illustrate or explain a general point or an abstract concept
Irony
the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually occurs (situational, verbal, dramatic)
superficial
concerned only with what is on the surface or obvious
eulogy
speech or prose in praise of a deceased person
COMPLEX SENTENCE
A sentence containing one or more dependent clauses in addition to the main clause, as When the bell rings (dependent clause), walk out (main clause).
antithesis
a figure of speech involving a seeming contradiction of ideas, words, clauses, or sentences within a a balanced grammatical structure.
Hero
the principal character in a play or movie or novel or poem
Pacing
the movement of a literary piece from one point or one section to another
Ellipsis
the omission of a word or phrase which is grammatically necessary but can be deduced from the context ("Some people prefer cats; others, dogs."
narrative
the telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
Situational Irony
When events turn out the opposite of what was expected.
anadiplosis
A repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of the following cause.
Transition
a word or phrase that links one idea to the next and carries the reader from sentence to sentence, paragraph to paragraph
toxic
of or relating to or caused by a toxin or poison
Logical Appeal; Logos
when a writer tries to persuade the audience based on statistics, facts, and reasons. The process of reasoning
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