AP English Language and Composition Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
strident
violent
exemplary
commendable
cogent
convincing
ominous
menacing
impartial
unbiased
verily
certainly, truly
laudatory
expressing praise
embellish
to decorate
listless
lacking energy
ponderous
extremely dull
before (antebellum)
ante
Brazen
shamelessly bold
prosaic
lacking poetic beauty
fabricated
concocted to decieve
colloquial
ordinary language, vernacular
Paradox
(logic) a self-contradiction
Acquisitive
grasping and greedy
toil
to work extremely hard
imperiosu
arrogantly domineering or overbearing
meticulous
extremely careful and precise
surreptitiously
done by secretive means
disingenuous
not straightforward; crafty
"Mr. Gelman was rather disingenuous; although he seemed to ask about your health, he was really trying to figure out why you were absent."
virtuoso
a tremendously skillful artist
Abject
Completely miserable and degraded.
allusion
a direct/indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known
sententious
moralizing in a pompous manner
mundane, humdrum
lacking interest or excitement
hierarchy
a group organized by rank
astute
shrewd; clever
"Kevin is financially astute; he never falls for the tricks that credit card companies play."
didactic
intended to instruct
"The Princeton Review Book is a didactic device used to prepare for the AP exams."
euphemism
"good speech"; less offensive substitute for an unpleasant word
denotation
the strict, literal, dictionary definition of word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color
Caricature
descriptive writing that greatly exaggerates a specific feature of a person's appearance or a facet of personality
Astigmatic
Extremely skewed point of view.
Ethos
Refers to generally ethics, or values
metaphor
figure of speech using implied comparison
Sibilance
having, containing, or producing the sound of or a sound resembling that of the s or the sh in sash. "And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain."
prudent
exercising good judgment or common sense
objectivity
treating facts without influence from personal feelings or prejudices
deductive reasoning
argument in which specific statements/conclusions are drawn from general principles: movement from general to specific
quandary
a state of uncertainty or perplexity
"Ann was in a quandary because she had no soap with which to do her laundry."
syllogism
deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises
mood
the prevailing atmosphere or emotional aura of a work
PARALLELISM
When the writer establishes similar patterns of grammatical structure and length. For instance, "King Alfred tried to make the law clear, precise, and equitable." The previous sentence has parallel structure in use of adjectives. However, the following sentence does not use parallelism: "King Alfred tried to make clear laws that had precision and were equitable."
symbol/symbolism
generally, anything that represents or stand for something else
Understatement
The ironic minimalizing of fact, presents something as less signisficant than it is.
Humor
anything that causes laughter or amusement
Arriviste
Newly acquired wealth by dubious methods
Symbol
Anything that represents or stands for something else
antecedent
the word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun
Trope
an artful deviation from the ordinary or principal signification of a word (hyperbole, metaphor, and personification are some examples of tropes)
Parenthetical Comment
a comment that interrupts the immediate subject, often to quality or explain
allegory
story in which people, things and actions represent an idea or generalization about life.
intuition
thte power of knowing things without thinking
sarcasm
verbal irony in which "praise" is actually critical
litote
figure of speech that emphasizes its subject by conscious understatement
equivocate
to avoid making a definite statement (may,could)
semantics
the branch of linguistics that studies the meaning of words, their historical and psychological development, their connotations, and their relations to one another
subject complement
the word (with any accompanying phrases) or clause that follows a linking verb and complements or completes the subject of the sentence by either 1) renaming it or 2) describing it.
description
this rhetorical mode's purpose is to re-create, invent, or visually present a person, place, event, or action so that the reader can picture that being described
Topic
some situation or event that is thought about
Ad Hominem Argument
Attacks the opposing speaker or another person rather than addressing the issues at hand
parody
a work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comedy or ridicule
Definition
a pattern of writing or speaking which strives to inform the audience on what a term means and how it is different from other terms in its class.
exposition
background & events that lead to the presentation of the main idea or purpose
mural
a large painting applied directly to a wall or ceiling surface
sanction
an economic or military measure put in place to punish another country
"The US placed sanctions on Japan before joining World War II."
periodic sentence
the opposite of loose sentence, a sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end
Pathos
a rhetorical appeal that plays on the reader's emotions and interests. A sympathetic audience is more likely to accept a writer's assertions, so this appeal draws upon that understanding and uses it to the writer's advantage
Realism
This was the new style of literature that focused on the daily lives and adventures of a common person. This style was a response to Romanticism's supernaturalism and over-emphasis on emotion
Avaricious
One who will do anything for money because of greed
literary symbols
symboles that are in variety of books and are more generally recognized.
theme
central or dominant idea or focus of a work
ONOMATOPOEIA
The use of sounds that are similar to the noise they represent for a rhetorical or artistic effect. For instance, buzz, click, rattle, and grunt make sounds akin to the noise they represent. A higher level of onomatopoeia is the use of imitative sounds throughout a sentence to create an auditory effect.
figure of speech
a device used to produce figurative language. Many compare dissimilar things.
Introductory Paragraph
The first paragraph of an essay in which a background of the theme is given in an attention-grabbing way.
Thesis
the main idea of a piece of writing. It presents the author's assertion or claim.
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part of something is used to represent the whole or the whole represents a part. Ex. calling a car "wheels" or referring to all of the string instruments in an orchestra as "the strings"
Interrogative Sentence
a sentence of inquiry that asks for a reply
/ 79
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online