Module Flashcards

Terms Definitions
bon(ne)
good
marié(e)
married
calme
calm
aîné(e)
older
sédentaire
sedentary
ravi(e)
delighted
démodé(e)
old-fashioned
populaire
popular
satisfait(e)
satisfied
pire
worse
haut(e)
high
fou (folle)
crazy
long (longue)
long
ambitieux (ambiteuse)
ambitious
inquiet (inquiète)
worried
incertain(e)
variable (weather); uncertain
Oncogene
Cancer-causing gene.
Cancer
Malignant tumor whose nondifferentiated cells exhibit loss of contact inhibition, uncontrolled growth, and the ability to invade tissues and metastasize.
Carcinoma
Cancer arising in epithelial tissue.
Taxonomy
The science of classifying organisms.
what is the monomer of carbs?
monosaccharides
X-Linked
Allele located on the X-chromosome, but may control a trait that has nothing to do with the sex characteristics of an individual.
Carbohyrdations Function
Energy Storage, structural components, hormones, protection
Interphase
The time interval between cellular reproduction.
shuttle vector
contains origins of replication for multiple cells
which macromolecules are polymers?
proteins, carbs, nucleic acids
Huntington Disease
Genetic disease marked by progressive deterioration of the nervous system due to the deficiency of a neurotransmitter.
Primary Succession
process that begins when pioneer species colonize a barren habitat with no soil, such as a new volcanic island or land exposed by the retreat of a glacier
Transpiration
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
strains
organisms from the same species that have markedly different traits
Asexual Reproduction
Reproduction accomplished by a single organism.
Interkinesis
Period of time between Meiosis I and Meiosis II, during which no DNA replication takes place.
Cell-Mediated Immunity
Specific mechanism of defense in which T cells destroy antigen-bearing cells.
Def. of Mitosis
nuclear division mechanism that occurs in somatic cells (body cells) of multicelled eukaryotes
Signal ReceptionSignal TransductionCellular response
Explain resting potential through the change into action potential and back.
Antigen
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers the production of an antibody.
why don't restrction enzymes cut a bacteria's DNA
methylation of bases
Bone Marrow Transplant
A cancer patient's stem cells are harvested and stored before chemotherapy begins. Then, the stored cells are returned to the patient by injection.
What is missingin an animal cell?
Photosynthesis pigments, Chloroplasts, Central Vacuole, Bacterial flagellum
What problem with Darwin’s hypothesis did punctuated equilibrium attempt to solve?
Punctuated equilibrium attempts to explain away the fact that the fossil record is devoid of anyreal intermediate links.
Species
A unit of one or more populations of individuals that can reproduce under normal conditions, produce fertile offspring, and are reproductively isolated from other such units
What is missing in a prokaryotic cell?
Nucleus, Lysosomes, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Body, Mitochondrion, Chloroplast, Central Vacuole
Tumor Marker Test
Blood test for a substance, such as a tumor antigen, that indicates a patient has cancer.
What problems mentioned in this module still exist for those who believe in punctuatedequilibrium?
Structural homology and molecular biology still say that macroevolution (even by punctuatedequilibrium) could not have happened.
What is the evolution of animals (type of animal)?
Cniadarians --> Flatworms --> Roundworms --> Mollusks --> Annelids --> Arthropods
the light energy captured is used to split water and create high-energy electrons which move through photosystem II and I moving the H+ ions from one side the thylakoid membrane to the other. This along with the splitting of water creates a concentration
Explain how the electron transfer chain helps to create NADPH.
Consider the following amino acid sequences that make up a small portion of a protein:a. Gly-Ile-Gly-Gly-Arg-His-Gly-Gly-Glu(NH2)-Glu-Glu(NH2)-Lys-Lys-Lysb. Gly-Leu-Phe-Gly-Arg-Lys-Ser-Gly-Glu(NH2)-Gly-Glu(NH2)-Ala-Arg-Lysc. Leu-Ile-Gly-Gly-Arg-His-Ser-Gl
The most similar protein will be the one with the fewest difference in sequence. The protein in (a)has 5 amino acids different from the protein of interest, the protein in (b) has 4 differences and the onein (c) has 3. Thus, the protein in (c) is most similar.
What does vitamin D do for us and what happens if we don't have enough?
bone growth, enhances calcium absorptionrickets (bone deformities), bone softeningretarded growth, kidney damage, calcium deposits in soft tissue
What are the four types of animal tissue?
Epithelial- mostly what you see in the mirror, also internal tubes and cavities such as blood vessels and gutConnective- comprised of cartilage, bone tissue, adipose tissue, and bloodMuscle- three types: skeletal, cardiac, and smoothNervous- composed of neurons which react to body sense and outside changes
lahar
mudflow
Inner Core
Solid inner core
lava flow
magma spills out
Crust
upper layer of the earth
lava
when magma reaches the surface
Evidence of seafloor spreading and plate motion
volcanic weather
eruptions generate their own weather
pillow basalt
formed in water, basalt cylindres
watershed
streams accumulate surface water from their watershed (drainage basin)
Trenches
An elongate depression in the ocean floor at a subduction zone between two tectonic plates and most commonly at the edge of an active continental margin. Most are at the margins of the Pacific Ocean.
Asthenosphere
Part of Earth's mantle below the lithosphere that behaves in a plastic manner. The rigid and brittle lithosphere moves over it.
Moho Discontinuity
Boundary between Earth's crust and mantle. It is detected from the contrast between the slower seismic velocities of the crust (generally 5 to 7 km/sec.) and the upper mantle (approximately 8km/sec).
what is the primary driving mechanism for plate tectonics?
Plinian eruption
silica rich ash falls accompany incinerating pyroclastic flows
stratovolcano
large, steep sided cone over a subduction zone, also called composite volcanoes
surface runoff
during torrential rainfall, some may flow across the ground as surface runoff directly into streams
jetties
walls of boulders, concrete, or wood built perpendicular to the coast at the edges of a harbor, estuary, or river mouth. The intent is to prevent sediment from blocking a shipping channel
Mid-Ocean Ridge
A high-standing rift or spreading zone in an ocean- for example, the mid-Atlantic Ridge or the East Pacific Rise.
shield volcanoes
gently sloping pile of thin flows, basalt
Pelean eruptions
ash columns that collaspe to form incandescent pyroclastic flows
flash flood
comes on suddenly with little warning, water levels rise rapidly
sea walls
walls of boulders, concrete, or wood built along a beach front and intended to protect shore structures from wave erosion
Divergent Boundary
A spreading plate boundary such as a mid-oceanic ridge.
strombolian eruption
steam bubbles in the magma blow it into cinders and bomb size blocks that fall around the vent and tumble down the steep slopes to form a cindercone
stream order
the number of tributaries of a stream, which has a significant effect on the rate of rise of floodwater's during and following a storm
wavelength
the distance from crest to crest of a wave- for example, in an earthquake wave or a water wave
volcanic ash
composed of bits of pumice less than 2 millimeters across, light enough to drift some distance on the wind
natural levee
as water velocity slows at the edge of the deeper channel, sediment deposits to form a natural levee
marine Terrance
is the narrow flat area often seen at the base of a sea cliff or along a large lake shore caused by the action of the waves. It forms after destructive waves hit against the cliff face, causing undercutting between the high and low water marks, mainly as a result of corrasion and hydraulic power, creating a wave-cut notch.
inter-
between
Gastr/o
Stomach
tenter
to attempt
s'épanouir
to thrive
l'ecole maternelle/primaire
kindergarten/primary school
traveling blood clot
embolus
Stonehenge
(ca. 2,000 BCE)
Apasia
impaired use of language
baptistery
in Christian architecture, the building used for baptism, usually situated next to a church. it is built in tripartite. three levels, three arches for each bay, three entrances.
Axon
transports messages to different muscles/glands in the body
Which diagram shows a nucleotide
that would be used to make RNA? 

none
Animal
flat head, wider joint surface, s-shaped diaphysis, greater tubercle and trochanter projecting above the head
retroactive amnesia
learning new information interferes with the recall of older information
repression
in psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories
LSD
a powerful hallucinogenic drug, aka acid
assertiveness
conveys a sense of self-assurance while also communicating respect the other person
Colonialism
'political control of peoples and territories by foreign states whether accompanied by significant permanent settlement...or not'-represents global power differentials and is associated with dominance in other spheres such as the economy and cultural practices
Retro
prefix signifying the backward (retro) direction of a blood vessel in relation to the body place
distributive justice
Determining the fairness of allotting medical treatment or health care
Effortful Processing
Committing novel information to memory requires effort just like learning a concept from a textbook processing leads to durable and accessible memories (351)
Natural Selection
Darwinian belief that trait variations contributing to survival will be passed on, making each generation more fit for survival.
Fats
Triglycerides that are solid at room temperature.
primary reinforcer
an innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need
Achievement Tests
Tests used to measure academic progress, what the student has retained in the curriculum.
Meiosis I
homologus chromosomes find each other, cross-over occurs AND random allignment, chromosomes line up and split to opposite cells
Skinner's Experiment
\"rewarded behavior is likely to reoccur\"
Endocrine Function
The blood transports & distributes the hormones from the endocrine glands.
Goals of excavations
Preserve and record forensic context. Collect evidence (human remains, bullets or weapons, personal effects). Identification of victim's cause of death and time since death
conditioned reinforcer
a stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer; also known as secondary reinforcer
Applied Research
Field of psychology seeking to solve practical problems.
Macromolecules
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules, usually by a condensation reaction. E.g. polysaccharides, proteins, and nucleic acids.
Independence
"A member in public practice shall be independent in the performance of professional services as required by standards promulgated by bodies designated by council."
Rule 101 of AICPA Code of Professional Conduct....
Testicular Cancer
Most common cancer in men age 20-30. 
men should start checking at age 15.
Direct Labor
Represents the payroll cost of those employees who work directly on the product being manufactured
Extracellular digestion
Digestion that takes place outside the cells
breakout
an escape, often with the use of force, as from a prison or mental institution.
Calvin Cycle
uses ATP and NADPH from the light dependent reactions to produce high energy sugars, no light
Carl Wernicke
Learned that damage to part of the temporal lobe made it so people could only speak meaningless words.
what are formed from the union of ductus deferens and duct from seminal vesicle?
ejaculatory duct
expression
to \"turn on\" a specific gene so that its protein product is made.
Sinoatrial Node
Small mass of tissue located in a depressed area of the right atrium (From this tissue that the electrical impulse triggers the heartbeat)
serial position effect
our tendency to recall best the last and first items in a list
is a 1 or 5 acuity level more critical?
level 1
logbook
a book in which details of a trip made by a ship or aircraft are recorded; log.

 
 
 
 
 

 Heterozygous genetic screening
 is used to identify individuals who are healthy but carry alleles that have
 the potential to produce affected children.
 
 

 






 
 
 
 
 

 Linked genes always exhibit
 recombination frequencies of less than 50%.
 
 

 





muscle spindle stretch reflex monosynaptic
A tap on the patellar tendon causes _____ of the quadriceps muscle.
It is safe to follow a vehicle closely in
Bumper to bumper traffic, very slow, a medical emergency, are not safe to follow.
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