AP English Literature Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
hexameter
six feet
bourgeois
conventional; middle-class.
epiphany
A sudden realization
cacophony
loud confusing disagreeable sounds
Analogy
Comparison between two things.
tone
the attitude of the author
rhetoric
art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
sonnet
14 line iambic pentameter poem
Caricature
Exaggeration of people, especially physical or character traits.
jejune
Without interest or significance; dull; insipid: immature
foil
a character, usually minor, designed to highlight qualities of a major character
anaphora
repetition of words/phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines/sentences
juxtaposition
placing two unassociated elements side by side to present a comparison or contrast
aesthetic
(philosophy) a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful
euphemism
An inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive (Ex: "deceased" for "dead" / "remains" for "corpse").
synaesthesia
identify element of style: "Heard melodies are sweet"
adamant
utterly unyielding in attitude or opinion in spite of all appeals, urgings, etc.
allegory
an extended narrative in prose or verse (poetry) in which characters, events, and settings represent abstract qualities; (many connected metaphors); writer intends a second meaning beneath the surface story; may be moral, religious, political, social, or satiric
caesura
a speech pause occurring within a line
metonymy
a thing/concept called not by name, but by name of something intimately associated with it
iamb
an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable: "toDAY"
assonance
repetition of internal vowel sounds in nearby words that do not have the same endings; "aslEEp under a trEE"
wanderlust
very strong or irresistible impulse to travel
literal
accurate, matter of fact or concrete, not figurative
pathetic fallacy
identify element of style: "John Keat's 'Ode to Melancholy' describes a 'weeping' cloud"
biography
the nonfictional story of a person's life.
Antecedent
The word referred to by the pronoun.
lugubrious
mournful, dismal, or gloomy, esp. in an affected, exaggerated, or unrelieved manner:
parody
a work that ridicules the style of another work by imitating and exaggerating its elements
logos
The appeal of text based on the logical structure of its argument or central ideas.
Satire
An attack on or criticism of any stupidity or vice in the form of scathing humor, or a critique of what the author sees as dangerous religious, political, moral, or social standards.
accentual
this kind of meter is common in Anglo-Saxon poetry, such as Beowulf
bathos
a sudden and unexpected drop from the lofty to the trivial or excessively sentimental.
parallel structure/parallelism
the repetition of words or phrases that have similar grammatical structures (i.e. I like running, swimming, and jumping.)
pastoral elegy
poem about both death and idyllic rural life. Often the pastoral elegy features shepherds. The genre is actually a subgroup of pastoral poetry, as the elegy takes the pastoral elements and relates them to expressing the poet's grief at a loss.
narrative techniques
the methods involved in telling a story; asks you to discuss procedures used to tell a story; (point of view, manipulation of time, dialogue, or interior monologue)
litotes
a form of understatement in which a statement is affirmed by negating its opposite
Epigram
A very short, often comic, poem that ends with a deep meaning.
usurp
To seize and hold a position, office, power, etc. by force or without legal right:
pathos
The appeal of text to the emotions or interests of the audience.
heroic couplet
a pair of rhyming lines in iambic pentameter.
cosmic irony
the perception of fate or the universe as malicious or indifferent to human suffering, which creates a painful contrast between our purposeful activity and its ultimate meaningless.
apostrophe
a direct address to an absent or dead person, or to an object, quality, or idea.
interpolate
To alter a text by the insertion of new matter, esp. deceptively or without authorization.
omniscient point of view
the narrator is capable of knowing, telling, and seeing all
End rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
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