MUL spring' UCF final Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Syncopation
Unexpected accent
progression
series of chords
Concertmaster
Principle first violinist
clef (treble and bass)
Lied
German word for 'song'
step
melody moves by small intervals
Percussion Indefinite pitch
Snare drumbass drumtambourinetrianglecymbalsgong
Upbeat
unaccented pulse preceding the downbeat
Petrushka
Stravinksi's 2nd ballet in 1911.
Meter
organization of beats into regular groups
Richard Wagner
Lohengrin, Prelude to act III
Metronome
apparatus that produces ticking sounds at any desired bpm
Dynamics, decrescendo (dimuendo)
gradual softening of music
Two-part (binary) form (A B)
A B
Horatio Parker
Charles Ives conservative musical teacher at Yale.
primitivism
Evocation of primitive power through insistent rhythms and percussive sounds.
Aleatoric music
Chance music20th-century music in which chance or indeterminate elements are left for the performer to realize. The term is a loose one, describing compositions with strictly demarcated areas for improvisation according to specific directions and also unstructured pieces consisting of vague directives, such as “Play for five minutes.”
repitition
reiteration of a motive, phrase, or section used to create a sense of unity
incomplete cadence
inconclusive resting point that sets up expectations on another part
imitation
melodic idea is presented by one instrument and is then restated immediately by another
Interval
"Distance" in pitch between any two tones
Downbeat
first or stressed beat of a measure
Nocturne
In French, a composition, usually slow, lyrical, and intimate in character, often for piano solo.Chopin, Nocturne in E Flat Major, Op. 9, No. 2
Martha Graham
Great modern dancer and choreographer, where Appalachian Spring was originated as a ballet score.
Sprechstimme
In German, speech-voice; a style of vocal performance halfway between speaking and singing, typical of Schoenberg and his followers.
Lorca
Spanish poet who's poems were the inspiration for Crumb's Ancient Voices of Children
monophonic texture
texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment
Stem
Verticle line on note that shows the note is relative to notes around it
Modulation
shifting from one key to another in the same piece
etude
In French, study; a piece designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties.Chopin, Etude in C Minor, OP. 10, No. 12 (revolutionary)
Nadia Boulanger
world renowned teacher in Paris, who taught Philip Glass. She also taught Elliot Carter
Porgy and Bess
(1935) An American musical that combines musicals and operas. Written by George and Ira Gerswhin. similar to Bernstein's West Side Story
Key (tonality)
central note* of a melody"in the key of..."
ledger lines
lines used in sheet music to show notes below or above the staff
Johann Sebastion Bach
Suite for Lute in E minor, Bourrée
Through-composed
Vocal form of poetry in which there is new music for each stanza of a poem.
tonic chord
triad built on the first note of a scale
Tone cluster
Chord made up of tones only a half step or a whole step apart, used in music after 1900.
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