Music 10 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
acoustique
acoustic
Mesto
sad
lent
slowly
Organum
Alleluia: Nativas
Fine
the end
Carousel
Richard Rodgers
nick hexum
311
largo
very slow 1
Duke Ellington
20th Century
My War
Black Flag
Melody
variation in pitch
hymn
a song of praise
concerto
instrumental workusually 3 movementshighlights contrast: usually written fast, slow, fast
Con anima
with spirit; animation
forzando
with force, strongly accented
presto
quickly, rapidly, or immediately.
Revueltas
Homanaje a Federico Gacia Lorca
Zhiker
central practice of many Sufis
-involves repetitive reciting of this affirmation
The Sound of Music
Richard Rodgers
Charles K Harris
After the ball
Kethuk
small kettle gong, horizontally mounted (java)
Descendo (> or desc.)
gradually get softer
who wrote night and day
cole porter
Fallahi
Upeat dance rhythm traditionally used in accompaniment of Egyptian rural folk dances; also used to evoke "peasant" image in raqs sharqi, belly dance, and Egyptian folklore dance
Estinto
Barely audible, as soft as possible
timbre 
tone quality of the musical sound
isorhythm
writing lengthy passages in identical rhythms with different notes
Off beat (different beats at once)
SYNCOPATION
madrigal
a secular part song without instrumental accompaniment, usually for four to six voices, making abundant use of contrapuntal imitation, popular esp. in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Classical Concerto
Three movement work for an instrumental soloist and orchestra. Fast-slow-fast.
J.S. Bach, Fugue 21, B-flat Major
sound:..subject (5-6-5-1-3-2)..pianoother: ..tonal answer
Treble Clef
Symbol used for notating relatively high pitches.
A melody accompanied by other voices or instruments in harmony
Homophonic
ternary beats
beats contain three shorter durations; "compound" meter
Lining out
leader first, chorus join in 2x
Revolutionary Corrido
corrido about social and economic hardships experienced during Carlos Salinas de Gotari’s term as president of Mexico(1988
maestoso
with majesty; stately (used as a musical direction).
big band was strictly dance music and no improvisation
Miller
Classical Music
The classical period lasted from 1750 till 1800. Mozart was a well known composer from this period.
La Monte Young
is an American composer and musician.
Nicola Porpora
Haydn took lessons from him in Composition, famous It. composer and singing teacher serves as accompanist and assistant
geza
hidden from audience, is a group of musicians who provide sound effects
Maracas
a gourd rattle from Ghana with an external beaded nettinga pair of small Caribbean gourd rattles with interior beads
Bird singing, getting ready for a ballBaroque period
Spring
Antonio Vivaldi
Carlos Gardel
Greatest idol in the history of tango
Hank Williams
a. Symbol of the honky-tonk style
b. Most significant figure in postwar era country
c. "I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry"
i. Evokes the flavor of "old-timey" country music
1) Waltz-like triple meter
2) Strophic form
d. "Hey, Good Lookin"
i. AABA Form (pop, TPA influence)
ii. Crossover hit-dancebale and appealing to teens
"Hey, Good Lookin"
e. AABA Form (pop.TPA influence
f. Crossoer hit- danceable and appealing to teens
--- became the leading and most popular recording studio in Jamaica.a. studio 1b. studio 11c. studio 13d. studio 23
a. studio 1
chance music
music in which the composer sets out to remove the decision-making process from his or her control
Within the same movement, a Baroque musical composition usually expresses
one basic mood
Harmonic rhythm
the rhythm of the changes of harmony (chords) in time, associated with some European and Euro-American music.
What were Gregorian chants like?
a capella, chorus, monophonic, Latin, legato, flowing, no beat (rhythm)
COMPOSER of "I am the very model of a modern major general"
Sullivan
Parliament
-----"Give Up the Funk (Tear the Roof Off the Sucker)"
-repetitive patterns, electric slap, interlocking rhythms
-whole band as rhythm section
-took stereotypes and stood them on their heads, reconfiguring funk -- a term originally used to describe unpleasant odors -- as a positive human quality
-brand of "deep funk": heavy bass; interlocking rhythms; a strong groove; jazz-influenced horn solos; and verbal mottoes designed to be performed by fans
1. Dropping bombs2. Bebop--modern jazz
1. playing unexpected accents on the bass drum randomly within a piece of music.2. historians say bebop is the creation of modern jazz
Miles Davis technically was from the cool jazz era but played more in bebop
a. True
b. False
 
b. False, vice versa.
(Miles Davis technically was from the bebop era but played more in the cool jazz style)
The influence of the royal courts in the Baroque
time of absolute monarchscourts as well as churches patron of artscomposers influenced by doctrine of affectionsin all, contrast and illusion dominiate
regal
...
Carlo Gesualdo
...
Modern Madrigalist
PDQ Bach
gaillarde and pavane
dance forms
saltarello
quicker Italian jumping dance
function of music
liturgical, entertainment, instrumental music
Stile antico
Old style of composition
Italia Mia
Verdelot, 16th c. Madrigal
Binchois
Who wrote "Je loe amours"?
Bas
Bowed String instrumets
-viol (da gamba=between the legs)
Plucked string instruments
lute-used tableture
crumhorn
Renaissance instrument. Double reed enclosed in a capso the player's lips do not touch it, producing a sound like a soft bagpipe.
Palestrina
country where Giovanni Perluigi came from, he wrote lots of masses, wrote for council and wrote mass in Gregorian chant and polyphonic
Dowland
Say Love / 17th c. Ayre
Intermerata Dei Mater
Ockeghem, 15th c. Motet
lute
chordophone consisting of a plucked instrument having a pear-shaped body, a usually bent neck, and a fretted fingerboard
Motet
A polyphonic vocal composition with sacred text that emerged in the Middle Ages and was especially popular in the Renaissance: frequently a setting of the proper of the mass
paraphrase
15th century technique which the melody is given a rhythm and ornamented by adding notes around those of the chant. Technique used by Dunstable.
Pioneer of the cantus firmus mas
Dufay
unity
words and melody line would be uniform
Petrucci
Published the first book of polyphonic music
In Ecclesis
Gionvanni Gabrielli / 16th c. Polychoral
16th c. Polychoral
In Ecclesis / Gionvanni Gabrielli
Ce Moys de May
Dufay, 15th c. Chanson
Isaac
Who wrote "Innsbruch ich muss dich lassen"?
polyphony
music consisting of two or more independent but harmonious melodies
Galliad
More vigorous french version of the salterrello
galliard
a renaissance court dance in triple meter
concerto delle donne
(women's ensemble)
Established by Due Alfonso D' Este. A groulp of trained singers 1580. Their performances at court alone or with maile singers, attracted so much attention and praise that the Gonzagas of Mantua and the Medici of Florence formed ensembles to rival that of Ferrara.  Introduced vocal ornaments and dramatized the words with appropriate gestures.
John Taverner
leading English composer of sacred music int he early 16th century. His mases and motets exemplify he English preference for long melismas, full textures and cantus firmus structures.
Madrigalism
A term used to describe the illustrative devices used particularly in madrigals. This includes text painting, for example: changing the texture, tone, range, or volume to musically depict what the text is describing.
Frotolla
lit. "little fruit" a light, imitative part song, secular, most of the time the voices are moving together, forerunner to the madrigal. Example is the secular part song, El Grillo by Josquin
Johannes Gutenberg
Used moveable type to produce first large printed book
Venetian music
is homophonic and has its players playing in different locations; contains passages that are polyphonic and sections for soloists that are accompied
Belta' poi che
Carlo Gesualdo / 16th c. Madrigal
Morley
Who wrote "Now is the Month of Maying"?
viol
n. A stringed instrument of the violin class. 6 strings
paraphrase technique
A technique that smoothed out the complexity of the original plainchant and made it a melody that was easily listened to.
Chanson
Chanson: French for song. A genre of French secular vocal music.
16th Century Madrigal
Most important 16th century Italian genre as well as entire Renaissance. Consisted of single stanza with a moderate number of seven or eleven syllable lins and either a standard or free rhyme scheme. No refrains or repeated lines, distinguishing the sixteenth century form from the 14th century form. The only connection between the two is in name only. The 16th century style is through-composed. Early forms were for 4 voices and later on were for 6 or more voices.
Thomas Tallis
Most important English composer of mid 16th century of sacred music. Latin masses, hymns and English service music that reflect a religious and political upheaval in England during his lifetime.
Free Mass
example is M. Prolationum by Ockeghem, original, no borrowed material or tune
songs intended for church and worship
motet, hymn, coral, anthem
Kyrie eleison, christe eleison
Lord, have mercy; Christ, have mercy
Melismatic organum
A melodious flourish of notes sung to a single syllable
Italian madrigal
What type of music is "Auell' augellin che canta"?
recorder
a woodwind with a vertical pipe and 8 finger holes and a whistle mouthpiece
imatative counterpoint
voices imitate or echo a motive or phrase in ahother voice. Emerged during Renaissance.
Claudio Monteverdi
wrote Tu Se Morta, the first opera in 1607 and returned to homophonic writing
Sing We and Chant It
Thomas Morley / 16th c. Madrigal
Gloria
2 a long hymn that comes second in the Catholic Mass
Music of Okeghem and Busnoys
Blended traditional and now features of chansons with longer breathed melodies, increased use of imitation, greater equality between voices and more frequent use of duple meter. These became very popular. Their masses overlapped the works of Du Fay and all three influenced each other. Their masses covered a wider range than that of Du Fay. Used primarily cantus firmus and motto masses.
How did theorists explain 3rds and 6ths?
overtone series and partials...eventually the minor 6th was explained too
Characteristics of Renaissance Art & Music
1. More Secular; Human perfection
2. Balance and Clarity
3. Equality between natural and supernatural ( believed they had a partnership with God and He worked through them)
4. The printing press allowed them to make many written copies of their music
Ways to Unify the Mass
• Tenor mass- the same melody was used in each movement/part of the ordinary
• Secular tune with sacred words to use a familiar tune.
Primary source of life in the Italian Madrigal court
The Book of the Courtier, Castiglione
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