Music 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Erlkonig
Schubert
Otello
Verdi
Salome
Strauss
Der Mondfleck
Schoenberg
Sonata V
Cage
Piano Phase
Reich
When Jesus Wept
Billings
Madama Butterfly
Giacomo Puccini
The Unanswered Question
Ives
Claudio Monteverdi
troppo ben puo
Six Little Piano Pieces
Schoenberg
Little Fugue in G Minor
Bach
Giovanni Gabrielli
Buccinate in neomenia tuba
Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune
Debussy
Dichterliebe, "Im wunderschönen Monat Mai"
Robert Schumann
Guillaume Dufay
Communio From Missa Sancti Jacobi
Quartet for the End of Time
Messiaen
Ancient Voices of Children, I movement, El nino busca su voz (The Little Boy Is Looking for His Voice)
George Crumb
Giovanni Piereluigi da Palestrina
Sicut Lilium inter Spinas
L'amour est un oiseau rebelle from Carmen
Bizet
Wozzeck, Act III, Scene 4, Interlude, Scene 5
Alban Berg
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Violin Concerto no. 1 in Bb
Rigoletto, Act III, aria "La donna e mobile"; Un di, se ben rammentomi
Giuseppi Verde
Michael Praetorius
Ballets 262, 277, 268 from Tanze aus Terpsichore
Ludwig van Beethoven
Minuet & Trio: Allegro Molto e Vivace: Symphony No. 1 in C major
Mass
Kyrie
Bassoon
Bassoon
dolce
sweetly
Renaissance
The ballett
Giuseppi Verdi
Romantic
Lento
very slow
gradually louder
Crescendo
dynamics
variations in volume
antecedent
[ question ]
Television
Tom Verlaine-gtr/voxRichard Hell-bassMalcolm Mclaren-mgr (NY dolls)First band to play Country Bluegrass Blues
bowed lute fiddle
bansuri
sonoro
resonant, with rich tone
Haydn
-Classical-Established Symphony and String Quartet-Worked in operahouse built for him by Estercize? family in Vienna
The Band Wagon
Arthur Schwartz
What
is organum?
Two part chant
quarter demisemiquaver
hundred twenty-eighth note
Melody
horizontal-a coherent succession of single pitches, pitches that add up to a recognizable whole
timbre
tone quality of musical sound
tempo
rate at which beats occur
variations
varied repetitions of the theme
Niccolo Paganini
Italian violinist. "Caprices". Revolutionized the art of piano playing.
harmony
sound of pitches which occur simotaneously
Meter
organization of rhythm in time, regular grouping of beats
dissonance
opposite of consonance- unstable and tense chord progressions
Sforzando
A strongly accented note or chord
Tango
 Golden Age: from 1920’s-50’s tango becamemainstream musical style (in Argentina as wellpopular internationally) Famous orchestras under leadership of Carlos Gardel(1887-1935), Anibal Troilo Muted sensual elements of music, but maintained tonal,rhythmic vitality of the genre 60’s-onward Piazzolla (Nuevo Tango)
Pan
a musical instrument from Trinidad made from a steel oil drum.
Who wrote the Messiah
George Fredrick Handel
'Ud, Qanun, Rababah, violin
arabic stringed instruments
pianist known for playing outside the changes
Monk
Staccato
detached manner; indicated by a dot over or under each note
John Cage
-american-"sonata V from sonatas and interludes for prepared piano"-solo piano music
Major
series of seven different tones within an octave, with an eighth tone repeating the first tone an octave higher, consisting of a specific pattern of whole and half steps; the whole step between the second and third tones is characteristic.
chamber music
instrumental music performed in small concert hall with just one performer per part
How many movements does a typical concerto have?
three
Algoza
– double flute used in the Punjab.
Bob Dylan is associated with what political issue?
Racism
mezzo-forte
somewhat softer than forte but louder than piano; moderately loud.
The principal exponent of cool jazz was trumpeter
Miles Davis.
pipa
Lute like. Has 4 strings and usually sounds like there are 3-4 pipa playing. Pluck the strings with the right hand (with a pick) and stop it with your left- the neck is curved out for drop in notes/frets. polar opposite of qin- used for entertainment of the common man. There is usually a set tune for it. Rapid playing- very fast music. Sounds like a crazy banjo.
modulation
the changing of a key within the piece
aleatory
employing the element of chance in the choice of tones, rests, durations, rhythms, dynamics
glockenspeil
similar to a xylophone, but the bars are made of metal so that the tone is brighter and more ringing
Georgia O'Keefe
many of her painting introduce large views of Bones, Flowers, ect
Yuga
One of the four ages of Indian mythological time
8va.................
play one octava 8 notes higher than written
Les Six
Kind of a justice league of six composers gathered by Erik Satie: Tailleferre, Durey, Auric, Honneger, Milhaud, and Poulenc. Their music was not similar but their expressionism remained constant
Pauline Oliveros
born in Houston in 19321992 won a fellowship for National Endowment of the ArtsServed as composer-in-residence at several colleges

Punto
* is the cuban term used to describe decima poetry in seis
Kaganu.
Slender drum with a dry pitch and dry timbre which cuts through the mellow, midrange sound of the other drums and articulates offbeats.
According to the movie Respect, who was the founder of Motown Records?
Berry Gordy Jr.
Computing a Dominant Key
Count 5 pitches inclusive above tonic key i.e. piece in C major would have a G major dominant.
In which form is the song Erlking?
a. binary
b. ternary
c. strophic
d. through-composed
D. through composed
What was the popular song (which we heard in lecture) off the Beach Boys album, "Pet Sounds" ?
“God Only Knows”
Which musical devices help portray the Elfking in Erlking?
a. lilting melody, major key
b. high range and dissonance
c. low range and constant harmony
d. medium range, minor key
a. litling melody, major key
What does the label dramatic mean?
A dramatic voice is heavier, bigger, capable of carrying over the orchestra by itself or in an ensemble
Tonic / tonal center / key center
one pitch within the octave; functions as a gravitational center to which the melody always returns at the end or other points of rest; \"home base\"
Con
with
molto
very
energico
energetically
Allegretto
fairly fast
Frederic Chopin
Romantic
diminuendo
gradually softer
Wagner: (4)
• Composer
• Philosopher
• Politician
• Propagandist
dont trust me
3oh3
Lamento d'Arianna
Monteverdi, 1614
Roadrunner
The Modern Lovers
Vocables
sounds without meaning.
ostinato
short, repeated musical pattern
Cantata
-Multimovemnt Vocal -Non Staged-Continuous Text-either lyrical or dramatic-Smaller in scale than oritorio and opera-contains recitatives and arias
A Chorus Line
Marvin Hamlisch
NY avant (1 answer)
garde
Nashville Sound
Commercial, polished Country
Name the 4 orchestral categories
bass,cello,violin,viola
staff
gridwork of lines and spaces
wenchang
(civic ensemble)—strings and winds, accompanies singing, introductions and interludes. (jinghu)
simile
continue in the same manner
A chantar
Countess of Dia, 1200
A Poco a Poco
little by little
Madrigal
word painting & unusual harmonies; several solo voices set to a short love poem; combined homo & polyphonic
viol
Most popular bowed string instrument of the Renaissance.
Brio
(Italian: vivacity, fire or energy) appears as an instruction to performers as, for example, in allegro con brio, fast with brilliance and fire, an indication used on a number of occasions by Beethoven.
Public Transcripts
Open displays of power, meaning
Which
genre did Bach NOT write in?
Opera
écouter de la musique
to listen to music
Singing in a chorus generally requires a different skill than playing in an orchestra
True
Romantic
The romantic period lasted from about the early 1800's to the first decade of the 20th century. Chopin was a well known composer from this period.
Deconstruction
which denotes the pursuing the meaning of a text to the point of exposing the supposed contradictions and internal oppositions upon which it is founded—supposedly showing that those foundations are irreducibly complex, unstable, or impossible.
Nocturne
in french, night piece; a composition, usually slow, lyrical, and intimate in character, often a piano solo.
scherzo
rapid, jovial work in triple meter often used in place of minuet in string quartet or symphony
The test of an opera is called?
libretto
Conjunto music
In approximately late 1800’s the Mexican population of South Texas and northern Mexico adopted the lively button accordion from the German settlers and combined it with the Spanish guitar, or bajo sexto (a 12
According to lecture, what style of music were the second line musicians associated with?
Jazz
sonata
a composition for one or two instruments, typically in three or four movements in contrasted forms and keys.
Berlioz was awarded the Prix de Rome, during which time he wrote his Symphonie fantastique
True
Northwest Coast
The most distinctive music because of the different living styles and instruments. This type has very prominent flute music (although flute is not usually common in other Native American music). Polyphony is common in this music- more than one melody/voice going on together- usually one voice is lower than the other but still parallel.
genre
type of music determined by the type of instruments used, number/sounds of voices, form, style, or purpose
arch form
sectional structure for a piece of music based on repetition, in reverse order, of all or most musical sections such that the overall form is symmetric, most often around a central movement
Instrumental music comes into its own in this period –
baroque era
syncretism
hybrid styles of music, types of music blended together to form something new
Motive
A short melodic or rhythmic ideas used as a building block in composing a musical work
Shorter than a theme
Sometimes part of a theme
Motive to theme, word to sentence
clef
a symbol placed upon a staff to indicate the name and pitch of the notes corresponding to its lines and spaces.
church modes
Scales that formed the basis of much medieval and Renaissance music and evolved into our present-day Major and minor scales. They have been used again by composers of the twentieth century.
Ellen Taaffe Zwilich
born in Florida in 1939studied at Julliardcomposed a Pulitzer Prize winning symphonyfirst composer-in-residence at Carnegie Hall
El costo de la vida
*The cost of life
*anti-capitalist undertones
*
before a note raises the pitch of that note.
sharp
According to lecture, what song was Woody Guthrie's "This Land is Your Land" a response to?
God Bless America
Mozart
Don Giovanni - Act I "La Ci Darem La Mano"
Who was the source of Verdi's inspiration for La traviata?
a. Alexandre Dumas, son
b. Victor Hugo
c. Boito
d. Heine
a. Alexandre Dumas, son
 
According to section, who was one of the people who originally wrote the song "land of 1,000 dances" which was later made popular by Cannibal and The Headhunters?
Chris Kinner/Fats Domino
The person who writes the text of an opera is known as
a. the composer
b. the producer
c. the librettist
d. the misse-en-scene
c. the librettist
What is a chorus?
A chorus is a body of singers within several people on each vocal part
In the twelve-tone method of composition, all twelve notes within an octave are
arranged into a series, or row that forms the basis of the work.
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Term:
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